of February 15, 1991 No. 223-XII
About public associations in the Republic of Uzbekistan
Proceeding from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan is assigned by this Law to citizens as their inalienable right of freedom of creation of public associations.
Public association is the voluntary forming which resulted from free declaration of will of the citizens who united for joint realization of their rights, freedoms and legitimate interests in the sphere of policy, economy, social development, science, culture, ecology and other areas of life.
Public associations political parties, grass-roots movements, labor unions, the women's, youth and children's organizations, the organizations of veterans and persons with disability, scientific, technical, cultural and educational, sports and other volunteer societies, the creative unions, associations, associations and other associations of citizens are recognized.
Operation of this Law does not extend to the cooperative and other organizations pursuing commercial purposes or promoting generation of profit (income) by other companies and organizations on the religious organizations, self-government institutions of citizens, and also on other bodies, procedure for creation and which activities are determined by other legislation.
The legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan on public associations consists of this Law determining bases of legal status of public associations, the Law of the Republic of Karakalpakstan on public associations, other acts of the legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Public associations are created for the purpose of realization and protection of the civil, political, economic, social and cultural laws and freedoms; developments of activity and amateur performance of citizens, their participations in management of the public and public affairs; satisfaction of professional and amateur interests; developments of scientific, technical and art creativity; public health cares, participations in charity; carrying out cultural and educational, sports and improving and sports work; conservation, objects of cultural heritage; conservation, historical and cultural monuments; patriotic and humanistic education; expansions of interrepublican and international backgrounds, strengthenings of the world and friendship between the people; implementation of other activities which are not forbidden by the law.
Creation of public associations which activities are directed to destruction of moral principles of society, universal humanistic values, and also intended for unlawful alteration of the constitutional system or violation of unity of the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan, propaganda for war, violence and cruelty for incitement of the social, including class, and also racial, race and religious strife leading to split of society, making of other acts forbidden by the legislation is not allowed.
Creation of the public militarized associations and paramilitary groups, and also batches of religious nature, their branches and other structural divisions is forbidden.
Use of antidemocratic power pressure on legally and democratic way the created bodies of authority and management and carriers of powers of authority is forbidden by public associations and their bodies. Any attempts under the pretext of the democratic decision to put pressure upon legally functioning bodies of authority and management and officials are stopped by the law.
Creation and activities of the public associations encroaching on health and morality of the population, right and the interests of citizens protected by the law is pursued according to the law.
Public associations are created and act on the basis of voluntariness, equality of their members (participants), self-government, legality and publicity.
All public associations, performing the functions provided by their charters, other acts are effective within the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, other laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Participation or nonparticipation of the citizen in activities of public association cannot form the basis for restriction of its rights and freedoms or representation of benefits to it, including holding the post condition in the state organization, or the basis for non-execution of the obligations provided by the Law.
The legislation on work, and also the legislation on social security and social insurance of workers extends to workers of the office of public associations.
The state provides observance of the rights and legitimate interests of public associations and according to the Constitution guarantees conditions for accomplishment of authorized tasks by them.
The state gives to the youth and children's organizations material and financial support, provides carrying out in relation to them preferential tax policy, grants to the children's organizations the right to use premises of schools, out-of-school organizations, clubs, palaces and recreation centers, sports and other constructions free of charge or on favorable terms.
Intervention of state bodies and officials in activities of public associations, as well as intervention of public associations in activities of state bodies and officials are not allowed, except cases when it is provided by the law.
Actions of the organizations, public associations are performed, generally in time off of their members (participants) and at the expense of means of these associations.
The questions infringing on interests of public associations in stipulated by the legislation cases are solved state bodies and the economic organizations with participation or in coordination with the relevant public associations.
Associations which activities according to authorized tasks extend to all territory of the republic belong to republican public associations. At the same time the political party shall have the members at least twenty thousand people living in at least eight territorial subjects (areas) including the Republic of Karakalpakstan and the city of Tashkent, and labor union - at least three thousand people.
Treat local public associations regional, district, city, settlement and kishlachny.
Associations which activities according to authorized tasks extend to all territory of area, and in the city of Tashkent on all territory of the city belong to regional, Tashkent city public associations.
Associations which activities according to authorized tasks extend to all territory of the area (city) belong to district (city) public associations.
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