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Ministry of Justice

Republic of Tajikistan

On July 25, 2013 No. 465

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

of July 22, 2013 No. 1003

About mountain regions of the Republic of Tajikistan

(as amended of the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan of 23.12.2021 No. 1829)

This Law governs the public relations connected with mountain regions of the Republic of Tajikistan, is aimed at providing sustainable social and economic development of these regions, preserving, effective and rational use of natural resources.

Chapter 1.
General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

- mountain regions of the Republic of Tajikistan (further - mountain regions) - the territories having the characteristic natural features (natural high-rise zonality) exerting impact on forming of ecosystems, tenor of life and conducting economic activity of the population living in limits of these territories;

- gipsometriya - measurement of height of the mountain region;

- natural high-rise zonality - the natural change of environment and landscapes caused by climate changes and heights above sea level with education mid-mountain, mountainous, over mountain natural zones;

- protection of mountain regions - set of the measures directed to environmental protection, rational use of natural resources, protection of historical and cultural heritage and traditional tenor of life of the population of mountain regions;

- state regulation of development mountain regionovsistema of management of activities of state bodies which determine the main and essential directions of mountain regions.

Article 2. Legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on mountain regions of the Republic of Tajikistan

The legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on mountain regions is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan and consists of this Law, other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan, and also the international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan.

Article 3. State policy concerning mountain regions and its basic principles

1. State policy concerning mountain regions of the Republic of Tajikistan is component of nation-wide policy and is performed by means of application of measures in the direction of support of mountain regions.

2. State policy concerning mountain regions is based on the following principles:

- benefits of the state support of mountain regions;

- creating favorable conditions for sustainable development of mountain regions;

- protection of economic and ecological bases of mountain regions;

- availability of participation of physical persons and legal entities in implementation of state policy in the field of mountain regions;

- availability of information on social and economic condition of mountain regions;

- rational and effective use of natural resources;

- providing the favorable circle for accommodation of the population of mountain regions.

Article 4. Tasks of this Law

The main objectives of this Law are:

- creation of conditions for improvement of life of the population of mountain regions, ensuring their employment, and also reduction of difference of level of social and economic development of mountain regions in comparison with other regions;

- protection and protection of natural resources of mountain regions;

- ensuring environmental protection, natural ecological systems and natural landscapes of mountain regions;

- creation of favorable investment conditions and investment attraction for development of mountain regions;

- development of small and medium business of mountain regions;

- implementation of other tasks established by the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan.

Article 5. Territories of mountain regions

1. The territories of mountain regions are subdivided into the following types:

- the territories of average mountain regions located at the height from 1000 to 1500 meters above sea level and having moderate environment;

- the territories of high mountain regions located at the height from 1500 to 2000 meters above sea level and having rather moderate environment;

- the territories of the highest mountain regions located at the height from 2000 meters above sea level, having the special environment exerting impact on health, living conditions and activities of the population.

2. The list of the territories of the mountain regions having special conditions according to gipsometriya is determined by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan.

Article 6. Natural resources of mountain regions

1. Natural resources of mountain regions are exclusive property of the state, the state guarantees to physical persons and legal entities their effective use according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan.

2. The physical persons and legal entities having right to use objects of natural resources of mountain regions shall use them for purpose.

Article 6 (1). Environmental protection of mountain regions

1. In mountain regions natural ecological systems, mountain natural landscapes, natural components and mountain climate are subject to special protection.

2. Placement of objects of economic and other activity mountain regions is allowed after carrying out ecological impact assessment of the planned activities on the environment.

3. The harm to the environment done as a result of implementation of economic and other activity in mountain regions is subject to compensation according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan.

Chapter 2.
Management and state regulation of development of mountain regions

Article 7. Subjects of state regulation of development of mountain regions

Subjects of state regulation of development of mountain regions are state bodies of the Republic of Tajikistan, physical persons and legal entities which procedure for participation in development of mountain regions is determined by this Law and other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan.

Article 8. Competence of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan concerning mountain regions

Concerning mountain regions are within the competence of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan:

- forming and realization of state policy about mountain regions;

- ensuring interaction of the central and local executive bodies of the government for the purpose of realization of state policy about mountain regions;

- development and acceptance of regulatory legal acts;

- development, approval and implementation of target programs of social and economic development of mountain regions;

- implementation of other competences established by the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan.

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