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VIENNA CONVENTION OF UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION

of April 18, 1961

About the diplomatic intercourses

The states which are the Parties of this Convention

noting that the people of all countries since ancient times recognize the status of diplomatic agents,

in view of the purposes and the principles of Articles of organization of the United Nations concerning sovereign equality of the states, maintenance of international peace and safety and assistance to development of friendship between the states,

being convinced that the conclusion of the international convention about the diplomatic intercourses, privileges and immunities will promote development of friendship between the states, irrespective of distinctions in their political and social order,

understanding that such privileges and immunities are provided not for benefits of individuals, and for ensuring effective implementation of functions of diplomatic representations as the bodies representing the states, confirming that regulations of customary international law will continue to regulate the questions which are directly not provided by provisions of this Convention

agreed as follows:

Article 1

In this Convention the stated below terms have the following value:

a) "chief representative" is person to who the accrediting state assigns obligation to be effective in this quality;

b) "staff of representation" are the chief representative and members of personnel of representation;

c) "members of personnel of representation" are members of diplomatic staff, administrative technicians and service personnel of representation;

d) "members of diplomatic staff" are the members of personnel of representation having diplomatic rank;

e) "diplomatic agent" is the chief representative or the member of diplomatic staff of representation;

f) "members of administrative technicians" are the members of personnel of representation performing administrative maintenance of representation;

g) "members of service personnel" are the members of personnel of representation who are carrying out obligations on servicing of representation;

h) "the private house worker" is the person which is carrying out obligations of the house worker at the employee of representation and who is not the employee of the accrediting state;

i) "premises of representation" mean buildings or parts of buildings used for the purposes of representation including the residence of the chief representative, coma the property right to them, including the parcel of land servicing this building or part of the building belonged.

Article 2

Establishment of diplomatic relations between the states and organization of permanent diplomatic representations are performed by mutual consent.

Article 3

1. Functions of diplomatic representation consist, in particular:

a) in representative office of the accrediting state in the state of stay;

b) in protection in the state of stay of interests of the accrediting state and its citizens in the limits allowed by international law;

c) in negotiating with the government of the state of stay;

d) in examination by all legal means of conditions and events in the state of stay and the message on them to the government of the accrediting state;

e) in encouragement of friendship between the accrediting state and the state of stay and in development of their relations in the field of economy, culture and science.

2. Any of provisions of this Convention shall not be interpreted as interfering accomplishment of consular functions by diplomatic representation.

Article 4

1. The accrediting state shall be convinced that the state of stay gave the agreement on that person who it assumes to accredit as the chief representative in this state.

2. The state of stay shall not report to the accrediting state motives of refusal in the agreement.  

Article 5

1. The accrediting state can, having properly notified the relevant states of stay, to accredit the chief representative or to appoint any member of diplomatic staff, depending on the circumstances, to one or several other states if objections from any of the states of stay are not declared.

2. If the accrediting state accredits the chief representative in one or several other states, then it can found the diplomatic representations headed by Charges d'Affaires ad interim in cases in each state where the chief representative has no permanent residence.

3. The chief representative or any member of diplomatic staff of representation can act as the representative of the accrediting state to any international organization.

Article 6

Two or several states can accredit the same person as the chief representative in other state if the state of stay does not object to it.

Article 7

With the exceptions provided in Articles 5, of 8, 9 and 11, the accrediting state can freely appoint members of personnel of representation. As for military, sea or aviation attaches, the state of stay can offer that their names were reported on its approval in advance.

Article 8

1. Members of diplomatic staff of representation in principle shall be citizens of the accrediting state.

2. Members of diplomatic staff of representation cannot be appointed from among persons who are citizens of the state of stay, differently as with the consent of this state, and this consent can be cancelled at any time.

3. The state of stay can stipulate for itself the same right concerning citizens of the third state who are not at the same time citizens of the accrediting state.

Article 9

1. The state of stay can at any time, did not owe motivate the decision, notify the accrediting state that the chief representative or any of members of diplomatic staff of representation is persona non grata or that any other member of personnel of representation is unacceptable. In that case the accrediting state shall recall respectively this person or stop its functions in representation. This or that person can be declared persona non grata or unacceptable before arrival on the territory of the state of stay.

2. If the accrediting state refuses to execute or will not fulfill the obligations provided in Item 1 of this Article during reasonable time, the state of stay can refuse to recognize this person as the employee of representation.

Article 10

1. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the state of stay or other ministry concerning which there is arrangement is notified:

a) about appointment of staff of representation, their arrival and about their final departure or about the termination of their functions in representation;

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