of June 23, 1981 No. 156
About the equal address and equal opportunities for the working men and women: workers with family obligations
General conference of the International Labour Organization,
called in Geneva by Administrative board of the International Labor Office and gathered on June 3, 1981 for the 67th session,
in view of the Philadelphian declaration on the purposes and tasks of the International Labour Organization in which it is proclaimed: "All people, irrespective of race, belief or floor, have the right to implementation of the material wealth and spiritual development in the conditions of freedom and advantage, economic stability and equal opportunities",
taking into consideration provisions of the Declaration on equal opportunities and addresses for the working women and the resolution on the action plan directed to encouragement of the equal address and equal opportunities for the working women accepted by the International labor conference in 1975
in view of provisions of the international conventions and recommendations about work aimed at providing the equal address and equal opportunities for the working men and women, in particular provisions of the Convention and the Recommendation of 1951 of equal remuneration, the Convention and Recommendation of 1958 of employment discrimination and occupations and the Section VIII of the Recommendation of 1975 on human resources development
reminding that in the Convention of 1958 on employment discrimination and occupations the distinctions which are carried out on the basis of family obligations directly are not considered and considering necessary acceptance of new regulations in this area,
in view of regulations of the Recommendation of 1965 on work of women with family obligations and considering changes which happened from the moment of its acceptance,
noting that acts of the equal address and equal opportunities for men and women are accepted also by the United Nations and other specialized agencies, and reminding, in particular, the fourteenth Item of preamble of the Convention of the United Nations of 1979 on liquidation of all forms of discrimination against women in which it is noted that the State Parties of the Convention "understand that for achievement of full equality of men and women it is necessary to change traditional role both men, and women in society and in family",
recognizing that problems of workers with family obligations are aspects of wider questions concerning family and society which needs to be taken into account when carrying out national policy
recognizing need of establishment of true equality of the address and opportunities for the working men and women with family obligations, and also between these and other workers,
considering that many of the problems facing all workers are aggravated for workers with family obligations, and recognizing need to improve provision of the last acceptance as the measures meeting their special needs and the measures directed to improvement of the situation of workers in general
having decided to accept number of offers on the equal address and equal opportunities for the working men and women: workers with family obligations that is Item 5 of the agenda of session, and
having decided to give to these offers the form of the international convention, accepts on June 23, 1981 the following convention which will be called the Convention of 1981 on workers with family obligations:
1. This Convention extends to the working men and women having family obligations concerning the children who are in their dependence when such obligations limit their possibilities of preparation, access, participation or promotion in economic activity.
2. Provisions of this Convention extend also to the working men and women having obligations concerning other nearest relations - members of their family who really need leaving or the help when such obligations limit their possibilities of preparation, access, participation or promotion in economic activity.
3. For the purposes of this Convention the terms "the child who is in dependence" and "other nearest relation-the family member who really needs leaving or the help" mean the persons determined in each country by one of methods, specified in article 9 of this Convention.
4. Workers to whom provisions of Items 1 and 2 of this Article extend are called further "workers with family obligations".
This Convention extends to all industries of economic activity and to all categories of workers.
1. For ensuring true equality of the address and opportunities for the working men and women one of the purposes of national policy of each organization member is in that persons with family obligations which perform or wish to perform paid work, could perform the right to it, without being exposed to discrimination and as far as it possibly, harmoniously combining professional and family obligations.
2. For the purposes of Item 1 of this Article the term "discrimination" means employment discrimination and occupations as it is determined in articles 1 and 5 of the Convention of 1958 about employment discrimination and occupations.
For establishment of true equality of the address and opportunities for the working men and women all measures corresponding to national conditions and opportunities are taken:
a) workers with family obligations could perform the right to the free choice of work;
b) were taken into account to their need for conditions of employment and social security.
Also all measures corresponding to national conditions and opportunities are taken:
a) consider needs of workers with family obligations when planning actions at the local level;
b) develop and promote development of the state or private consumer services, such as organizations and services in care of children and assistance to family.
The competent authorities and bodies of each country take adequate measures on encouragement of development of information and the education helping broader understanding the public of the principle of the equal address and equal opportunities for the working men and women and problems of workers with family obligations and also on promotion of the public opinion promoting permission of these problems.
All measures corresponding to national conditions and opportunities including measures in the field of professional orientation and preparation which would allow workers to begin or continue labor activity with family obligations are taken, and also to renew it after absence from work in connection with these obligations.
Family obligations in itself cannot form the basis for the termination of employment relationships.
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