of June 28, 1930 No. 29
Rather forced or obligatory labor
General Conference of the International Labour Organization,
Called in Geneva by Administrative Board of the International Labor Office and gathered there on June 10, 1930 for the fourteenth session,
Having decided to accept different offers of rather forced or obligatory labor, - session first item of business, and
Having decided to give to these offers the form of the international convention,
Accepts this June of the twenty eighth day one thousand nine hundred thirtieth years the following Convention which will hereinafter be referred to as as the Convention on forced labor, 1930 and is subject to ratification by members of the International Labour Organization according to provisions of the Charter of the International Labour Organization.
1. Each member of the International Labour Organization who ratifies this Convention shall abolish application of forced or obligatory labor in all its forms in perhaps shortest possible time.
2. In view of such complete abolition forced or obligatory labor can be applied during the transition period only to the public purposes and according to the procedure of exception on conditions and in case of the guarantees established in the following Articles.
3. After five years, beginning from the date of entry into force of this Convention, and in connection with the report provided in Article 31, Administrative Board of the International Labor Office will consider question of opportunity to abolish without new delay forced or obligatory labor in all its forms and will decide whether it is necessary to include this question in the agenda of the Conference.
1. In sense of this Convention the term "forced or obligatory labor" means any work or service demanded from any person under the threat of any punishment and for which this person did not offer voluntarily the services.
2. However the term "forced or obligatory labor" in sense of this Convention does not include:
a) any work or service required in force of the laws about obligatory military service and applied to works of net military nature;
b) any work or service which is part of regular civil obligations of citizens of completely self-controlled country;
c) any work or service demanded from any person owing to the sentence pronounced by the decision of judicial authority provided that this work or service will be made under supervision and control of the governments and that the specified person will not be yielded or transferred to the order of individuals, the companies or societies;
d) any work or service required in the conditions of force majeure that is in cases of war or disaster or threat of disaster, somehow: the fires, floods, hunger, earthquakes, strong epidemics or epizooty, invasions of harmful animals, insects or parasites of plants and in general circumstance, threatening or able to threaten life or normal vital conditions of all or parts of the population;
e) jobbing of communal nature, that is the works performed for direct advantage of collective by members of this collective, and which therefore can be considered as regular civil obligations of members of collective provided that the population or its direct representatives have the right to express the opinion concerning feasibility of these works.
In sense of this Convention the term "competent authorities" means either the authorities of the metropole, or the higher central authorities of this territory.
1. The competent authorities shall not neither order, nor permit to order forced or obligatory labor for benefit of individuals, the companies or societies.
2. If the similar form of forced or obligatory labor for benefit of individuals, the companies or societies exists by the time of when ratification of this Convention any organization member is registered by the Director-General of the International Labour Office, this organization member shall abolish completely such forced or obligatory labor from the moment of the introduction for it owing to this Convention.
1. No concession provided to individuals, the companies or societies shall lead to application of any form of forced or obligatory labor for the purpose of production or collection of products which are used by these individuals, the companies or societies or which they trade.
2. If the existing concessions include the provisions attracting application of forced or obligatory labor, then these provisions shall be repealed in perhaps short time for the purpose of accomplishment of instructions of article 1 of this Convention.
Officials of administration, even if their task is encouragement of the population entrusted to them to any form of work, shall not force the population or individuals to work for benefit of individuals, the companies or societies.
1. The chiefs who are not fulfilling administrative duties shall not resort to forced or obligatory labor.
2. The chiefs fulfilling administrative duties can with special permission of the competent authorities resort to application of forced or obligatory labor on the conditions provided in article 10 of this Convention.
3. Chiefs who are acknowledged properly and who do not earn the corresponding reward in other forms can use personal services on condition of the corresponding regulation; in this case all necessary measures for the prevention of abuses shall be taken.
1. Responsibility for any decision to resort to forced or obligatory labor is born by the higher civil authorities of this territory.
2. However these authorities can grant to the higher local authorities the right to involve in forced or obligatory labor in cases when such work does not have the investigation removal of workers from their regular residence. These authorities will be able also, for the periods and on conditions which will be determined by the regulation provided in article 23 of this Convention to grant to the higher local authorities the right to involve in forced or obligatory labor with removal of workers from their regular residence if such work serves simplification of movement of officials of administration in case of execution of their obligations by them and for transportation of goods of administration.
Except as specified, concerning which article 10 of this Convention provides other, the authority having the right to involve in forced or obligatory labor shall before resolving application of this form of work is preliminary to be convinced of that,
a) that the service or work which shall be executed are of direct and important interest to collective which shall execute them;
b) that this service or work is inevitable or necessary now;
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