of December 2, 1998 No. ZR-265
About protection of the population in case of emergency situations
This Law establishes bases and the organization of protection of the population in case of emergency situations, the rights and obligations of state bodies and local self-government, the companies, organizations, organizations, irrespective of their organization-legal category (further - the companies, organizations. organization), and also officials and citizens in this area.
In this Law the following basic concepts are used:
emergency situation - the situation which arose in certain territory or object owing to major accident, natural hazard, technogenic, spontaneous or environmental (nature protection) catastrophe, epidemic, epizooty, widespread infectious disease of plants and crops (epiphytoty), application of types of weapon which attracts or can entail the human victims, considerable harm to human health and the environment, severe material losses and violation of natural conditions of life activity of people;
protection of the population - complex of the interconnected legal, organizational, technical actions directed to protection of life and human health in emergency situations, prevention and decrease in dangers, providing and recovery of normal life activity;
the prevention of emergency situations - forecasting and liquidation of the factors attracting emergency situations;
reduction of possible effects of emergency situations - package of measures for possible weakening of impact of the emergency situations performed beforehand;
mitigation of consequences of emergency situations - carrying out in case of emergency situations of rescue and urgent recovery work, and also implementation of the actions applied by the decision of the Government of the Republic of Armenia on establishment of quarantine on providing normal conditions for life and activities of people;
disaster zone - the territory (the settlement, object) or the part of the territory (in case of establishment of quarantine - epidemic zone) which was injured owing to emergency situation;
evacuation - temporary movement of people, animal and material values from the dangerous territories on safe and their placement;
the shelter - temporary providing life and activities of people in the territory of the corresponding constructions from impact of weapons of mass destruction, and also special weapons of destruction in case of emergency situations;
individual protection - providing people with remedies from the radioactive, poisoning microbiological substances and infectious diseases;
rescue operations - package of measures for rescuing of people, material and cultural values; the rescuer - the physical person prepared for accomplishment of rescue operations and certified according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Republic of Armenia;
rescue forces - the specialized forming provided for carrying out rescue operations consisting of rescuers with the corresponding hardware.
objects especially importance - the objects of the increased danger of the state and strategic importance providing life activity of the population.
The legal basis of ensuring protection of the population are the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, the international agreements of the Republic of Armenia, this Law, and also others legislative acts.
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