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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of May 20, 2013 No. 24-Z

About breeding case in livestock production

(as amended on 18-04-2022)

Accepted by the House of Representatives on April 17, 2013

Approved by Council of the Republic on May 3, 2013

This Law determines legal and organizational basis of breeding case in livestock production (further – breeding case) and is directed to conditioning for obtaining and use of high-quality breeding products (material).

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The main terms used in this Law and their determinations

In this Law the following main terms and their determinations are used:

approbation – determination of compliance of complete group of animals of one type to requirements who allow to establish their belonging to certain new breed, type, the line, cross of animals;

reproduction – regulated natural or artificial process of reproduction of animals;

high-valuable animal – breeding animal whose breeding (genetic) value exceeds average population values of signs of breed (productivity, viability, reproductive and other signs);

genetic anomaly – the caused genetic variation from breed regulations which is not doing harm to organism of animal and not exerting negative impact on its productivity is heritable;

genetically determined disease – is heritable the caused disease caused by changes of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) leading to development of pathological processes in organism of posterity and undesirable from the point of view of health of population;

genetic potential – complex of the hereditary characteristics capable to be shown at animal in certain favorable conditions for content and feeding;

the genetic certificate – the document of the established form issued on breeding products (material) by results of molecular genetic examination and confirming reliability of its origin, absence at animal of genetic anomalies and genetically determined diseases;

genofondny (small) breed – group of seldom meeting animals of certain type, breed, cross, population which are differing in the genetic features useful to the selection purposes and which are under the threat of disappearance;

hybrid animal – the animal received as a result of matching of parent couples when crossing different breeds, types, lines, crosses of animals;

the state information system in the field of breeding case (further – the state information system) – set of the state information systems on animal species, separate databanks, and also information technologies and complex (complexes) of program technical means in the field of breeding case;

the state register of breeding animals, breed herds (further – the state register) – the database containing information (data) on breeding animals, breed herds;

animals – cattle, small cattle, pigs, horses, birds, fishes, bees (bee colony), mink, polar foxes, foxes, rabbits, raccoon dogs divorced and who are grown up for the purpose of receipt (production) of animal products;

cross – the group of animals representing posterity from crossing of lines, types of the animals belonging to one or several breeds;

the line – genetically homogeneous group of animals occurring from one or several ancestors;

molecular genetic examination – the research of biological material of animal with use of methods of molecular and genetic individualization at the level of genomic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) directed to confirmation of reliability of origin of breeding products (material) and identification at animal genetic anomalies, genetically determined diseases;

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