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PRESIDENTIAL DECREE OF UKRAINE

of April 25, 2013 No. 230/2013

About the Concept of fight against terrorism

1. Approve the Concept of fight against terrorism it (is applied).

2. To the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine разработарть and to approve in three-months time the actions plan on implementation of the specified Concept.

3. This Decree becomes effective from the date of its publication.

 

President of Ukraine V. Yanukovych

Approved by the Presidential decree of Ukraine of April 25, 2013 No. 230/2013

Concept of fight against terrorism

І. Problem which needs the decision

United Nations Organization recognizes terrorism of one of the most serious threats to international peace and safety of mankind. Further distribution of terrorist threat is caused by processes of world globalization, internationalization which continue, and also increase in level of the international crime.

Ukraine divides concern of the world community concerning such global threats to mankind as terrorism distribution, including promotion of terrorist ideology, application of terrorist methods for achievement of criminal objective. With respect thereto in the Strategy of homeland security of Ukraine "Ukraine in the world which changes" distribution of terrorism is determined as one of factors which threatens global international stability and negatively is reflected in the bezopasnostny circle of the state.

Process of deepening of integration of Ukraine into global bezopasnostny space needs adequate adjustment of system of public administration in the field of safety taking into account need of its synchronization with universal approaches to problem of prevention of terrorist threat. For this purpose the state activates national efforts, bilateral, regional and international cooperation in the field of fight against terrorism.

One of priority international obligations of Ukraine to the UN, other international organizations which fight against terrorism is implementation of the international standards of safety, and also the complex and balanced implementation of all components of Global counterterrorist strategy of the UN, first of all regarding implementation of actions for elimination of the reasons and conditions which promote terrorism distribution, and also ensuring at the same time protection of human rights and freedoms.

For this time thanks to effective realization of domestic and foreign policy Ukraine does not belong to the states with high probability of making in their territories by the international terrorist organizations of acts of terrorism or terrorist encroachments against their representations abroad.

In Ukraine there are no internal premises for emergence of the organizations which would use terrorist methods as method of achievement of political goal or drawing attention of the public to the ideological or other views.

At the same time number of mainly external, and also separate internal factors can become the soil for increase in Ukraine in the level of terrorist threat, in particular:

the increased interest to the territory of Ukraine as to the transit area from the international criminal groups which are effective, in particular, in spheres of legalization (washing) of income gained in the criminal way, illegal movement of weapon, dangerous materials and drugs;

active participation of Ukraine in settlement of long armed conflicts, international anti-terrorist operations;

distribution of the ideas of terrorism through the Internet, distribution of instructive materials concerning manufacturing techniques of self-made weapons of destruction and tactics of making of acts of terrorism;

availability in the territory of Ukraine of potentially dangerous and vulnerable objects in the terrorist plan which considering international experience can be considered as the potential purposes of terrorists;

tendency to increase in Ukraine the number of persons - natives of the states in which the economy and political situation are unstable and on which territories the terrorist organizations actively operate.

II. Purpose, principles, terms and directions of implementation of the Concept

The purpose of this Concept is ensuring effective realization of state policy in the field of fight against terrorism by development and deployment of complex of the actions directed to identification and elimination of the reasons and conditions which can lead to terrorism manifestations, protection of man and citizen, society and state against terrorism, concentration of the main efforts on counteraction of terrorist activities, minimization of its effects, and also establishing efficient interaction between authorized bodies of the government, local government bodies and the public and expansion of international cooperation in this sphere.

Fight against terrorism in the territory of Ukraine shall be based first of all on the principles which are legislatively determined at the national level taking into account basic provisions of Global counterterrorist strategy of the UN and the Counterterrorist strategy of the European Union.

Realize actions for accomplishment of the Concept it is provided during 2013-2020 in such directions:

determination and the analysis of the reasons and conditions which promote terrorism distribution;

enhancement of legal and organizational basis of fight against terrorism;

enhancement existing, development and implementation of new methods of fight against terrorism;

optimization of ways and methods of protection of rights and freedoms of man and citizen, protection of society and state against terrorist encroachments;

information, scientific, personnel and material logistics of realization of state policy in the field of fight against terrorism;

increase in level of knowledge of society of danger and scales of terrorism;

forming of public opinion for the purpose of assistance of effective realization of state policy in the field of fight against terrorism;

development of international cooperation in the field of fight against terrorism.

III. Ways and cures of problem

Realization of state policy in the field of fight against terrorism requires implementation of the system approved actions, in particular, of special, foreign policy, organizatsionnopravovy, social and economic, information, humanitarian, moral and cultural and educational character.

For the purpose of respect for the basic principles determined by the national legal system, the problem of fight against terrorism in the territory of Ukraine is provided to be solved by concentration of efforts on:

prevention of terrorist activities;

identification and termination of terrorist activities;

elimination and minimization of effects of terrorist activities;

information, scientific and other support of fight against terrorism;

international cooperation concerning fight against terrorism.

Ensuring effective realization of state policy in the field of fight against terrorism requires accurate coordination of actions of subjects of fight against terrorism, control of implementation of this Concept.

1. Prevention of terrorist activities

Prevention of terrorist activities shall be performed in the way:

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