of March 4, 2003 No. 94
About approval of the Program of assistance of employment of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2003-2005
According to article 14 of the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan "About employment of the population" the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan decides:
1. Approve the enclosed Program of assistance of employment of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2003-2005.
2. To chairmen of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, areas, cities and areas, to the ministries and departments to provide accomplishment of the actions provided by the Program of assistance of employment of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2003-2005 every half-year to consider results of its execution at the corresponding final meetings and by results to provide information in the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan.
3. To provide to the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan bringing the specified Program to contractors and every half-year to inform the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan on the course of its accomplishment.
Republic of Tajikistan E.Rakhmonov
Approved by the order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan of March 4, 2003, No. 94
The program of assistance of employment of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2003-2005 is developed based on article 14 of the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan "About employment of the population".
Main goal of the Program is rendering assistance in employment of the population and, especially, attraction to employment of persons experiencing difficulties in job search incapable on equal terms to compete in the labor market.
The program of assistance of employment of the population for 2003-2005 is developed on the basis of the Document of Strategy of decrease in level of poverty which is approved by the resolution of Majlisi namoyandagon of Madzhlisi Oliya of the Republic of Tajikistan on June 19, 2002 No. 666 and its main objective increase in level of living of the poorest segments of the population which generally are the unemployed acts.
In actions of this Program creation of new workplaces is determined as the main direction by employment of the unemployed. At the same time by means of Public service of employment of the population, and considering work market requirements, it is provided to realize measures for professional training of the unoccupied population, the organization of social paid works, assistance to expansion of business activity and self-employment through microcredit.
Special attention will be paid to creation of system of complete accounting of the sphere of employment. With respect thereto implementation of permanent market monitoring of work in activities of employment service of the population is supposed.
Other measures provided in the Program are enhancement of management structure of bodies of employment, creation of network of social business centers, implementation of bilateral agreements on the organization of social paid works, development and implementation of target programs of assistance of employment of women and youth, streamlining of process of sending manpower abroad and implementation of joint programs with the international and non-governmental organizations.
The program of assistance of employment of the population is developed on the basis of the analysis of condition of employment of able-bodied population, distribution of the population in industries of the national economy and is generalization of regional programs which are approved by governing bodies on places (Hukumatami).
Condition of employment of the population and the labor market in 2002.
Population of the Republic of Tajikistan in annual average calculation in 2002 made according to preliminary data 6375,0 of one thousand people from whom manpower constituted 3390,0 of one thousand people.
The annual average number of economically active population constituted 1923,8 of one thousand people, including unemployed of 46,8 of one thousand people.
The analysis of condition of employment of the population of 2002 shows that the number of economically active population in 2002 in comparison with 2001 increased by 51,8 of one thousand people, and the number of the unemployed registered in bodies of employment service increased almost on 3,8 of one thousand people. So, if in 2001 the quantity of busy made 1829,0 of one thousand people, then for 2002 this indicator constituted 1877,0 of one thousand people (+ 48,0 of one thousand people) occupied in economy, and the employment level of able-bodied population in the formal sector of economy, as well as in 2001, constituted % 55,4.
For October 1, 2002 payroll number working in the national economy made 1074, one thousand people and in comparison with the beginning of year (1050,9) increased by 23,1 of one thousand people, number of thousands people which are actually working during 2002 with 785, increased up to 868,6 of one thousand people (+ 82,8) of one thousand people. It follows from this that at the beginning of 2002 265,7 of one thousand people were on forced long leaves, and in October, 2002 this indicator constituted 205,4 of one thousand people who were included into the category of the latent unemployment.
Number occupied in comparison with the beginning of 2002 increased in agricultural industry on % 11,3, in communication industry on % 0,4, in construction on % 0,6, in transport on % 1,2, and in industries decreased by % 1,9, in forestry on % 10,6, in fishery on % 1,2.
In 2002 at the expense of various sources of 105,1 one thousand citizens of the country are attracted to employment.
At the end of 2002 the number of the registered unoccupied citizens constituted 89,8 of one thousand people including recognized as the unemployed 46, in one thousand people that is, number in comparison with the beginning of year of registered unemployed persons of citizens increased by 21,7 of one thousand people, and the number officially of the acknowledged unemployed increased by 3,8 of one thousand people.
From total number of the unemployed of the woman constitute % 54,9 (25,7 of one thousand people), youth at the age of 15-29 years - 64,3 (30,1 of one thousand people).
Level of official unemployment in 2002 constituted 2,4 of % of economically active population. This indicator does not reflect the real level of unemployment if to consider that from payroll number of workers of 205,4 of one thousand people did not work and did not receive the salary, then taking into account the latent unemployment its level constituted more 11,0 of %.
The considerable share among the unemployed is constituted by the persons which do not have professional training or who lost skills in connection with long work stoppage (53,8 of % of total number of the unemployed or 25,2 of one thousand people). Besides, about 81,4 of % of the unemployed have the secondary general and incomplete secondary education (38,2 of one thousand people). All this in no small measure complicates their employment.
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