of November 30, 2006 No. 592-r
About approval of the Concept of the State program of implementation of digital TV and radio broadcasting
1. Approve the Concept of the State program of implementation of digital TV and radio broadcasting which is attached.
Determine Mintranssvyaz the customer of the Program.
2. Mintranssvyaz together with the interested central executive bodies and National council concerning television and broadcasting to develop and submit to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine to four-months time the draft of the State program of implementation of digital TV and radio broadcasting.
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Approved by the Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of November 30, 2006 No. 592-r
For today the main source of distribution of television and radio programs is analog land on-air TV and radio broadcasting. At the same time in developed countries TV and radio broadcasting is actively entered digital land radio (stationary and mobile) (further - digital TV and radio broadcasting). Transition of the certain state to use of technologies of digital TV and radio broadcasting it is impossible as implementation of such technologies directly infringe on interests of neighboring states concerning use of radio-frequency resource, and also national interests in the field of information security. Digital TV and radio broadcasting can take root only on condition of development at the international level of single approach and the agreed principles of distribution of radio-frequency resource.
Taking into account general tendencies of development of digital TV and radio broadcasting within the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) with the assistance of administrations of communication of interested countries the regional plan of digital land broadcasting service in bands of the frequencies of 174-230 MHz and 470-862 MHz - Geneva-2006 is developed and approved by the agreement of member countries of MSE (further - the regional plan). Noted agreement provides transition period availability from analog to digital teleradiolveshchaniye which will proceed till 2015. After completion of noted period analog broadcasting will lose the status, and its application will be possible only on condition of lack of radio interferences of acceptance of digital TV and radio broadcasting in neighboring countries. Considering that at present TV and radio broadcasting of Ukraine is exclusively analog, after the end of transient period the majority of the operating teleradio transmitters will shall stop the work, and on part of the territory of Ukraine where infrastructure of digital TV and radio broadcasting will not be created, programs of the state (public) TV and radio broadcasting will not extend in general.
The solution of noted problem is connected with need of implementation of package of measures concerning protection of national interests of Ukraine in the field of teleradtoveshchaniye, creation of conditions for gradual transition to new technologies without loss of amounts of broadcasting and spectator audience.
Analysis of origins of problem and reasons for need of implementation of digital TV and radio broadcasting
In Ukraine more than 200 broadcasting companies of on-air land analog TV and radio broadcasting and more than 2000 transmitters are effective and more than 3000 applications on selection of new frequencies are considered (on new transmitters). The frequency plan of analog broadcasting does not answer the frequency plan of digital broadcasting. Thereof commissioning of the digital transmitter requires in many cases of switching off or change of parameters of radiation of one or several analog that can entail to change of the existing acceptance mode the population of teleradio programs.
Basis of on-air TV and radio broadcasting is use of radio-frequency resource. According to regulations of radio communication of MSE, distribution for any state of new radio frequencies is performed according to the applications for registration of radio frequencies submitted by it and by results of the international coordination. If the state does not use certain radio-frequency resource, then it cannot apply for its reservation for itself on the future.
The delay in accomplishment of the regional plan of digital TV and radio broadcasting can put Ukraine in unequal position with other countries in use of broadcast channels in its border coordination areas and entail to loss of part of the national radio-frequency resource selected for requirements of TV and radio broadcasting.
Are basic reasons of emergence of problem:
evolutionary change of radio technologies which are the basis for TV and radio broadcasting implementation;
exhaustion of the radio-frequency resource necessary for further development of analog TV and radio broadcasting;
need of accomplishment of the international obligations of Ukraine which follow from its membership in MSE, concerning creation of necessary conditions for functioning of digital television and radio networks of other countries; protection of national interests concerning use of the radio-frequency resource selected for requirements of TV and radio broadcasting; safety in the information sphere connected with functioning of television and radio networks and the maximum scope of the population modern TV and radio broadcasting;
providing population with the comprehensive, operational and objective information.
Relevance of development of the State program of implementation of digital TV and radio broadcasting (further - the Program) is caused by need of transition to progressive technologies of transfer and acceptance of teleradio programs.
The purpose of the Program is implementation of digital TV and radio broadcasting, ensuring access of the population to teleradio programs which is provided by suppliers of the public (public) sector.
At the same time program execution provides:
creation of regulatory, experimental and technical and metrological base for implementation and further development of systems and means of digital TV and radio broadcasting;
creation based on operating plants of production of means of digital TV and radio broadcasting and components for the purpose of the maximum ensuring TV and radio broadcasting with the equipment of national production;
the organization and material and technical support of activities of scientific institutions of industry for implementation of scientific and technical maintenance and ensuring equal participation of Ukraine in the international actions concerning implementation and development of digital TV and radio broadcasting;
carrying out conversion of radio technologies of special users in bands of radio frequencies of implementation of digital TV and radio broadcasting.
Comparative analysis of possible ways of solving the problem and reasons for optimal variant
Implementation of digital broadcasting can be performed by such options:
Disclaimer! This text was translated by AI translator and is not a valid juridical document. No warranty. No claim. More info
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