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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of December 29, 2012 No. 273-FZ

About education in the Russian Federation

(as amended on 26-05-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on December 21, 2012

Approved by Council of the Russian Federation on December 26, 2012

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Subject of regulation of this Federal Law

1. Subject of regulation of this Federal Law are the public relations arising in the field of education in connection with realization of right to education, providing the state guarantees of human rights and freedoms in the field of education and creation of conditions for realization of right to education (further - the relations in the field of education).

2. This Federal Law establishes legal, organizational and economic basis of education in the Russian Federation, the basic principles of state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of education, general rules of functioning of education system and implementation of educational activities, determines legal status of participants of the relations in the field of education.

Article 2. The basic concepts used in this Federal Law

For the purposes of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are applied:

1) education - the single purposeful process of education and training which is the socially significant benefit and performed for the benefit of the person, family, societies and the states, and also set of the acquired knowledge, abilities, skills, valuable installations, experience of activities and competence of certain amount and complexity for the purpose of intellectual, spiritual and moral, creative, physical and (or) professional development of the person, satisfaction of his educational requirements and interests;

2) education - the activities aimed at the development of the personality, creation of conditions for self-determination and socialization of the sociocultural, spiritual and moral values and rules and standards of behavior accepted in the Russian society studying at basis for the benefit of the person, families, societies and the states, forming at students of sense of patriotism, civic consciousness, respect for memory of defenders of the Fatherland and feats of Heroes of the Fatherland, the law and law and order, the person of work and the senior generation, mutual respect, careful attitude to cultural heritage and traditions of the multinational people of the Russian Federation, the nature and the environment;

3) training - purposeful process of the organization of activities of students for mastering knowledge, abilities, skills and competence, to acquisition of experience of activities, development of capabilities, acquisition of experience of use of knowledge in everyday life and forming at students of motivation of education during all life;

4) the education level - the complete cycle of education which is characterized by certain single set of requirements;

5) qualification - the level of knowledge, abilities, skills and competence characterizing readiness to accomplishment of certain type of professional activity;

6) the federal state educational standard - set of mandatory requirements to formation of certain level and (or) to profession, specialty and the direction of preparation, approved depending on the education level by the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of the general education or the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of the higher education;

7) the educational standard - set of the mandatory requirements to the higher education (to bachelor degree, specialist programme, magistracy, training of the top skills according to programs of internship and programs of assistantship training) on specialties and the directions of preparation approved by the educational organizations of the higher education determined by this Federal Law or the presidential decree of the Russian Federation;

8) federal state requirements - mandatory requirements to programs of preparation scientific and research and educational personnel in postgraduate study (graduate military course) and to additional preprofessional programs, established by authorized federal executive bodies according to this Federal Law;

8. 1) the requirements established by the educational organizations of the higher education, - mandatory requirements to programs of preparation scientific and research and educational personnel in postgraduate study (graduate military course), established by the educational organizations of the higher education determined by this Federal Law or the presidential decree of the Russian Federation (further - independently established requirements);

9) the educational program - complex of the main characteristics of education (amount, contents, the planned results) and organizational and pedagogical conditions which is presented in the form of the curriculum, calendar educational schedule, working programs of subjects, rates, disciplines (modules), other components, estimative and methodical materials, and also in the cases provided by this Federal Law in the form of the working program of education, the schedule of educational work, certification forms;

10) the approximate main educational program - the educational and methodical documentation (the approximate curriculum, the approximate calendar educational schedule, approximate working programs of subjects, rates, disciplines (modules), other components, and also in the cases provided by this Federal Law the approximate working program of education, the approximate schedule of educational work) determining recommended I will eat around also content of formation of certain level and (or) certain orientation, the planned results of development of the educational program, approximate conditions of educational activities, including sample calculations of standard costs of rendering the state services in implementation of the educational program;

11) the general education - education type which is aimed at the development of the personality and acquisition in the course of development of the main general education programs of knowledge, abilities, skills and forming of competence, necessary for human life in society, conscious choice of profession and vocational training;

12) professional education - education type which is directed to acquisition by students in the course of development of the main professional educational programs of knowledge, abilities, skills and forming of competence of the certain level and amount allowing message professional activity in certain sphere and (or) to perform work on specific professions or specialties;

13) professional training - education type which is directed to acquisition by students of knowledge, abilities, skills and forming of competence necessary for accomplishment of certain labor, office functions (certain types of labor, office activity, professions);

14) additional education - the education type which is directed to comprehensive satisfaction of educational needs of the person for intellectual, spiritual and moral, physical and (or) professional enhancement and is not followed by increase in the education level;

15) the student - the physical person mastering the educational program;

16) the student with limited opportunities of health - the physical person having the shortcomings of physical and (or) psychological development confirmed психолого - the medico-pedagogical commission and interfering education without creation of special conditions;

17) educational activities - sales activity of educational programs;

18) the educational organization - the non-profit organization performing based on the license educational activities as core activity according to the purposes for the sake of which achievement such organization is created;

19) the organization performing training - the legal entity performing based on the license along with the main activities educational activities as auxiliary view of activities;

20) the organizations performing educational activities - the educational organizations, and also the organizations performing training. For the purpose of this Federal Law the individual entrepreneurs performing educational activities are equated to the organizations performing educational activities if other is not established by this Federal Law;

21) the pedagogical worker - physical person which consists in the employment, office relationships with the organization performing educational activities and carries out obligations on training, education of students and (or) the organizations of educational activities;

22) the curriculum - the document which determines the list, labor input, the sequence and period allocation of training of subjects, rates, disciplines (modules), practice, other types of educational activities and if other is not established by this Federal Law, forms of intermediate certification of students;

23) the individual curriculum - the curriculum providing development of the educational program on the basis of individualization of its content taking into account features and educational needs of the specific student;

24) practical preparation - form of the organization of educational activities in case of development of the educational program in the conditions of accomplishment by students of the certain work types connected with future professional activity and directed to forming, fixing, development of practical skills and competence on profile of the appropriate educational program;

25) orientation (profile) of education - the orientation of the educational program to specific areas of knowledge and (or) types of activity determining its subject and thematic content, the prevailing types of educational activities of the student and the requirement to results of development of the educational program;

26) the tutorial and education - devices, the equipment, including the sports equipment and stock, tools (including musical), the educational visual aids, computers, information and telecommunication networks, hardware-software and audiovisual means, printing and electronic educational and information resources and other material objects necessary for the organization of educational activities;

27) inclusive education - ensuring equal access to education for all students taking into account variety of special educational needs and individual opportunities;

28) the adapted educational program - the educational program adapted for training of persons with limited opportunities of health taking into account features of their psychophysical development, individual opportunities and if necessary providing correction of violations of development and social adaptation of specified persons;

29) quality of education - the complex characteristic of educational activities and training of the student expressing degree of their compliance to federal state educational standards, educational standards, federal state requirements and (or) requirements of physical person or legal entity for the benefit of which educational activities, including extent of achievement of the planned results of the educational program are performed;

30) the relations in the field of education - set of the public relations on realization of the right of citizens to education which purpose is development studying contents of educational programs (the educational relations), and the public relations which are connected with the educational relations and which purpose is creation of conditions for realization of the rights of citizens to education;

31) participants of the educational relations are students, parents (legal representatives) of minor students, pedagogical workers and their representatives, the organizations performing educational activities;

32) participants of the relations in the field of education are participants of the educational relations and federal state bodies, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, local government bodies, employers and their associations;

33) conflict of interest of the pedagogical worker - situation in case of which the pedagogical worker when implementing of professional activity by it has personal interest in receipt of material benefit or other benefit and which influences or can influence proper execution by the pedagogical worker of professional obligations owing to contradiction between his personal interest and interests of the student, parents (legal representatives) of minor students;

34) supervision and care of children - package of measures for catering services and economic consumer services of children, to ensuring compliance by them with personal hygiene and day regimen;

35) educational activities - the activities performed outside educational programs directed to dissemination of knowledge, experience, forming of abilities, skills, valuable installations, competences for the purpose of intellectual, spiritual and moral, creative, physical and (or) professional development of the person, satisfaction of his educational requirements and interests and mentioning the relations regulated by this Federal Law and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation.

Article 3. The basic principles of state policy and legal regulation of the relations in the field of education

1. State policy and legal regulation of the relations in the field of education are based on the following principles:

1) recognition of priority of education;

2) providing the right of each person to education, inadmissibility of discrimination in the field of education;

3) humanistic nature of education, priority of life and health of the person, rights and personal freedoms, free development of the personality, education of mutual respect, diligence, civic consciousness, patriotism, responsibility, legal culture, careful attitude to the nature and environment, rational environmental management;

4) unity of educational space in the territory of the Russian Federation, protection and development of ethnocultural features and traditions of the people of the Russian Federation in the conditions of the multinational state;

5) creating favorable conditions for integration of education system of the Russian Federation with education systems of other states on equal and mutually advantageous basis;

6) secular nature of education in the state, municipal organizations performing educational activities;

7) liberty of choice of education according to tendencies and needs of the person, creation of conditions for self-realization of each person, free development of its capabilities, including provision of option of forms of education, forms of education, the organization performing educational activities, education orientations in the limits provided by education system and also provision to pedagogical workers of freedom in the choice of forms of education, training methods and education;

8) ensuring right to education during all life according to needs of the personality, adaptivity of education system to level of training, features of development, capabilities and interests of the person;

9) autonomy of the educational organizations, the academic rights and freedoms of pedagogical workers and students provided by this Federal Law, information openness and the public reporting of the educational organizations;

10) democratic nature of management of education, providing rights of pedagogical workers, students, parents (legal representatives) of minor students to participation in management of the educational organizations;

11) inadmissibility of restriction or elimination of the competition in the field of education;

12) combination of the state and contractual regulation of the relations in the field of education.

2. The government of the Russian Federation annually within ensuring carrying out single state policy in the field of education represents to Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation the report on realization of state policy in the field of education and publishes it on the official site of the Government of the Russian Federation on the Internet (further - Internet network).

Article 4. Legal regulation of the relations in the field of education

1. The relations in the field of education are governed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law, and also other Federal Laws, other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the laws, regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation, regulatory legal acts of bodies of the public power of the federal territory Sirius containing the regulations governing the relations in the field of education (further - the legislation on education).

2. The purposes of legal regulation of the relations in the field of education are establishment of the state guarantees, mechanisms of realization of human rights and freedoms in the field of education, creation of conditions of educational development, protection of the rights and interests of participants of the relations in the field of education.

3. The main objectives of legal regulation of the relations in the field of education are:

1) providing and protection of constitutional right of citizens of the Russian Federation on education;

2) creation of legal, economic and financial conditions for free functioning and educational development of the Russian Federation;

3) creation of legal guarantees for review interests of participants of the relations in the field of education;

4) determination of legal status of participants of the relations in the field of education;

5) creation of conditions for education in the Russian Federation foreign citizens and stateless persons;

6) differentiation of powers in the field of education between federal bodies of the government, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation and local government bodies.

4. The regulations governing the relations in the field of education and containing in other Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation, legal acts of local government bodies shall correspond to this Federal Law and cannot limit the rights or reduce the level of provision of guarantees in comparison with the guarantees established by this Federal Law.

5. In case of discrepancy of the regulations governing the relations in the field of education and containing in other Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation, legal acts of local government bodies, to regulations of this Federal Law regulations of this Federal Law are applied if other is not established by this Federal Law.

6. If the international treaty of the Russian Federation establishes other rules, than those which are provided by this Federal Law are applied rules of the international treaty.

6.1. The decisions of interstate bodies made based on provisions of international treaties of the Russian Federation in their interpretation contradicting the Constitution of the Russian Federation are not subject to execution in the Russian Federation. Such contradiction can be established according to the procedure, determined by the Federal constitutional Law.

7. Operation of the legislation on education extends to all organizations performing educational activities in the territory of the Russian Federation.

8. The legislation on education, in the territories of the advancing social and economic development, in the territory of the free port of Vladivostok, in the territories of the innovative scientific and technological centers and performing educational activities, is applied to Lomonosov Moscow State University, St. Petersburg State University, and also the organizations located in the territory of the innovative center "Skolkovo", in the territory of the international medical cluster taking into account the features established by the special Federal Laws.

8.1. Sirius can be established by regulatory legal acts of bodies of the public power of the federal territory special regulation of implementation of educational activities, including regarding the state regulation of educational activities, in the federal territory Sirius. Requirements of regulatory legal acts of bodies of the public power of the federal territory Sirius concerning implementation of educational activities cannot be below the relevant requirements established according to this Federal Law. Bodies of the public power of the federal territory Sirius have the right to introduce experimental legal regime in the federal territory Sirius directed to development, approbation and implementation of new educational programs, educational technologies, educational resources, tutorials and education.

9. On the citizens passing the Federal State Service on positions of pedagogical and scientific and pedagogical workers on the citizens passing the Federal State Service and being students, operation of the legislation on education extends with the features provided by the Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation on public service, and to the military personnel undergoing military service - with the features provided by the Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation on the status of the military personnel.

Article 5. Right to education. The state sales warranties of right to education in the Russian Federation

1. In the Russian Federation the right of each person to education is guaranteed.

2. The right to education in the Russian Federation is guaranteed irrespective of floor, race, nationality, language, origin, property, social and official capacity, the residence, the relation to religion, beliefs, belonging to public associations, and also other circumstances.

3. In the Russian Federation general availability and free of charge according to federal state educational standards of the preschool, primary general, main general and secondary general education, secondary professional education, and also on competitive basis free of charge the higher education in case of receipt of this level by the citizen of education for the first time are guaranteed if other is not established by this Federal Law.

4. In the Russian Federation realization of the right of each person to education is provided by creation by federal state bodies, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation and local government bodies of the corresponding social and economic conditions for its obtaining, expansion of opportunities to satisfy needs of the person for education of different level and orientation during all life.

5. For the purpose of realization of the right of each person to education by federal state bodies, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation and local government bodies:

1) necessary conditions for obtaining without discrimination of quality education by persons with limited opportunities of health, for correction of violations of development and social adaptation, rendering the early correctional help on the basis of special pedagogical approaches and the languages, methods, most suitable for these persons, and methods of communication and condition, in the maximum degree promoting education of certain level and certain orientation, and also social development of these persons, including by means of the organization of inclusive formation of persons with limited opportunities of health are created;

2) assistance is rendered to persons who showed outstanding capabilities and whom according to this Federal Law the students who showed the high level of intellectual development and creative capabilities in certain sphere of educational and research activities in scientific and technical and art creativity, in physical culture and sport treat;

3) financial provision of content of persons needing social support in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation during receipt of education by them is performed fully or partially.

Article 6. Powers of federal bodies of the government in the field of education

1. In the field of education treat powers of federal bodies of the government:

1) development and carrying out single state policy in the field of education;

2) the organization of provision of the higher education, including providing the state sales warranties of the right on competitive basis it is free the higher education;

3) the organization of provision of additional professional education in the federal state educational organizations;

4) development, approval and implementation of state programs of the Russian Federation, federal target programs, implementation of the international programs in the field of education;

5) creation, reorganization, liquidation of the federal state educational organizations, implementation of functions and powers of the founder of the federal state educational organizations;

6) approval of federal state educational standards, establishment of federal state requirements;

7) licensing of educational activities:

a) the Russian organizations performing educational activities in the territory of the Russian Federation for educational programs of the higher education;

b) the Russian federal state professional educational organizations realizing in the territory of the Russian Federation educational programs of secondary professional education in spheres of defense, production by the defense order, internal affairs, activities of troops of national guard of the Russian Federation, safety, nuclear power engineering, transport and communication, the knowledge-intensive production for specialties which list affirms the Government of the Russian Federation;

c) the Russian organizations performing educational activities, located outside the territory of the Russian Federation, the organizations performing educational activities, created according to international treaties of the Russian Federation, and also performing educational activities of diplomatic representations and consular establishments of the Russian Federation, representations of the Russian Federation in case of international (interstate, intergovernmental) the organizations;

d) the foreign organizations performing educational activities for the branch location in the territory of the Russian Federation;

8) the state accreditation of educational organization activity, performing educational activities, specified in Item 7 of this part, and also the foreign organizations performing educational activities outside the territory of the Russian Federation;

9) federal state control (supervision) in the field of education concerning the organizations performing educational activities, specified in Item 7 of this part and also the state control (supervision) of realization of subjects of the Russian Federation of powers by executive bodies in the field of education;

10) forming and maintaining federal information systems, federal databases in the field of education, including ensuring confidentiality of the personal data containing in them in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation;

11) establishment and assignment of the state awards, honorary titles, departmental awards and ranks to workers of education system;

12) development of forecasts of training, requirements to training on the basis of the forecast of requirements of the labor market;

13) ensuring implementation of monitoring in education system at the federal level;

13. 1) creation of conditions for the organization of carrying out independent quality evaluation of conditions of implementation of educational activities by the organizations performing educational activities;

13. 2) coordination of participation of the educational organizations in international cooperation;

14) implementation of other powers in the field of education established according to this Federal Law.

2. Federal state bodies have the right to provide the organization of provision of public and free general and secondary professional education, and also the organization of provision of additional education of children in the federal state educational organizations.

Article 7. The powers of the Russian Federation in the field of education delegated for implementation to public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation

1. To the powers of the Russian Federation in the field of education delegated for implementation to public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation (further also - delegated powers), the following powers belong:

1) federal state control (supervision) in the field of education concerning the organizations performing educational activities, registered in the location (the individual entrepreneurs registered at the place of residence) in the territory of appropriate subject of the Russian Federation, except for the organizations specified in Item 7 of part 1 of article 6 of this Federal Law;

2) the state control (supervision) of realization of powers by local government bodies in the field of education;

3) licensing of educational organization activity, the organizations specified in Item 7 of part 1 of article 6 of this Federal Law performing educational activities, registered in the location (the individual entrepreneurs registered at the place of residence) in the territory of appropriate subject of the Russian Federation, except for;

4) the state accreditation of educational organization activity, the organizations specified in Item 8 of part 1 of article 6 of this Federal Law performing educational activities, registered in the location (the individual entrepreneurs registered at the place of residence) in the territory of appropriate subject of the Russian Federation, except for;

5) confirmation of education documents and (or) about qualification.

2. Financial provision of implementation of delegated powers, except for the powers specified in part 10 of this Article is performed at the expense of subventions from the federal budget, and also within the budgetary appropriations provided in the budget of the subject of the Russian Federation on the specified purposes at least in the amount of planned receipts in the budget of the subject of the Russian Federation from the payment of the state fee connected with implementation of delegated powers and enlisted in the budget of the subject of the Russian Federation according to the Budget code of the Russian Federation.

3. The general size of subventions from the federal budget to budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation on implementation of delegated powers is determined based on the technique approved by the Government of the Russian Federation proceeding from:

1) the number of municipal districts, municipal districts and city districts in the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation, intracity municipalities of the federal cities of Moscow, St. Petersburg and Sevastopol;

2) the number of the organizations performing educational activities and their branches concerning which powers on the state control (supervision) in the field of education, to licensing of educational activities and the state accreditation of educational activities are transferred to public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation.

4. Funds for implementation of delegated powers have special-purpose character and cannot be used on other purposes.

5. In case of use of the means provided on implementation of delegated powers not on purpose the federal executive body performing functions on control and supervision in the financial and budget sphere performs collection of the specified means according to the procedure, established by the budget legislation of the Russian Federation.

6. Voided according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 26.07.2019 No. 232-FZ

7. The federal executive body performing functions on control and supervision in the field of education:

1) exercises control of the normative legal regulation performed by public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation concerning delegated powers with the right of the direction of instructions, obligatory for execution, about cancellation of regulatory legal acts or about introduction of changes in them;

2) exercises control of efficiency and quality of implementation by public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation of delegated powers with the right of the direction of instructions, obligatory for execution, about elimination of the revealed violations, ideas of discharge from position and (or) about attraction to disciplinary responsibility, including about dismissal, the officials responsible for non-execution or improper execution of the delegated powers, and also with the right of conducting checks specified in Item of 1 part of 1 this Article of the organizations performing educational activities. The procedure of control of efficiency and quality of implementation by public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation of delegated powers affirms the federal executive body specified in paragraph one of this part according to the rules established by the Government of the Russian Federation;

3) ceased to be valid

4) publishes methodical recommendations and instructive materials, obligatory for execution, about implementation of subjects of the Russian Federation of delegated powers by executive bodies;

5) is established the requirement to content and forms of the reporting, and also by procedure for submission of the reporting on implementation of delegated powers;

6) analyzes the reasons of the revealed violations when implementing delegated powers, takes measures for elimination of the revealed violations;

7) ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 26.07.2019 No. 232-FZ

8) adopts regulatory legal acts concerning implementation of delegated powers, including administrative regulations of provision of the state services in the field of delegated powers, and also has the right to establish target forecast indicators of implementation of delegated powers;

9) ceased to be valid

10) makes in the Government of the Russian Federation offers on withdrawal of the powers of the Russian Federation in the field of education transferred for implementation to public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation at public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation.

7.1. The head of the federal executive body specified in part 7 of this Article has the rights established by paragraphs the eleventh and twelfth Item 7 of article 26.3 of the Federal Law of October 6, 1999 No. 184-FZ "About the general principles of the organization of legislative (representative) and executive bodies of the government of subjects of the Russian Federation".

8. Management official of the subject of the Russian Federation (head of the supreme executive body of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation):

1) appoints heads of the executive bodies of the subject of the Russian Federation performing delegated powers to position;

2) approves structure of the executive bodies of the subject of the Russian Federation performing delegated powers;

3) will be organized by activities for implementation of delegated powers according to the legislation on education;

4) is provided by provision in the federal executive body performing functions on control and supervision in the field of education:

a) the quarterly report on expenditure of the provided subventions, on achievement of target forecast indicators;

b) necessary number of copies of the regulatory legal acts adopted by public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation concerning delegated powers;

c) information (including databases), necessary for forming and maintaining federal databases on questions of control and supervision in the field of education;

5) has the right before acceptance of the regulatory legal acts specified in Item 8 of part 7 of this Article to approve administrative regulations of provision of the state services in the field of delegated powers if these regulations do not contradict regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation (including contain the additional requirements and restrictions provided by such acts regarding realization of the rights and freedoms of citizens, the rights and legitimate interests of the organizations) and are developed taking into account requirements to regulations of provision by federal executive bodies of the state services.

9. Control of expenditure of funds for implementation of delegated powers is exercised within the established competence by the federal executive body performing functions on control and supervision in the financial and budget sphere, the federal executive body performing functions on control and supervision in the field of education, Audit Chamber of the Russian Federation.

10. Financial provision of implementation of delegated powers on confirmation of education documents and (or) about qualification is performed within the budgetary appropriations provided in the budget of the subject of the Russian Federation on the specified purposes at least in the amount of planned receipts in the budget of the subject of the Russian Federation from the payment of the state fee connected with implementation of delegated powers and enlisted in the budget of the subject of the Russian Federation according to the Budget code of the Russian Federation.

Article 8. Powers of public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation in the field of education

1. In the field of education treat powers of public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation:

1) development and implementation of regional development programs of education taking into account regional social and economic, ecological, demographic, ethnocultural and other features of subjects of the Russian Federation;

2) creation, reorganization, liquidation of the educational organizations of subjects of the Russian Federation, implementation of functions and powers of founders of the educational organizations of subjects of the Russian Federation;

3) providing the state sales warranties of the rights to public and free preschool education in the municipal preschool educational organizations, the public and free preschool, primary general, main general, secondary general education in the municipal general education organizations, providing additional education of children in the municipal general education organizations by means of provision of subventions to local budgets, including expenses on compensation, acquisition of textbooks and education guidances, tutorials, games, toys (except for maintenance costs of buildings and payment of utilities), according to the norms determined by public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation;

4) the organization of provision of the general education in the state educational organizations of subjects of the Russian Federation;

5) creation of conditions for implementation of supervision and care of children, contents of children in the state educational organizations of subjects of the Russian Federation;

6) financial provision of receipt of preschool education in the private preschool educational organizations, the preschool, primary general, main general, secondary general education in the private general education organizations performing educational activities for the main general education programs having the state accreditation, by means of provision specified to the educational organizations of subsidies for cost recovery including expenses on compensation, acquisition of textbooks and education guidances, tutorials, games, toys (except for maintenance costs of buildings and payment of utilities), according to the standard rates specified in Item 3 of this part;

7) the organization of provision of secondary professional education, including providing the state sales warranties of the right to public and free secondary professional education;

8) the organization of provision of additional education of children in the state educational organizations of subjects of the Russian Federation;

9) the organization of provision of additional professional education in the state educational organizations of subjects of the Russian Federation;

10) the organization of providing the municipal educational organizations and the educational organizations of subjects of the Russian Federation with textbooks according to the federal list of the textbooks allowed to use in case of realization by the organizations performing educational activities and the education guidances allowed to use in case of implementation of the specified educational programs having the state accreditation of educational programs of the primary general, main general, secondary general education;

11) ensuring implementation of monitoring in education system at the level of subjects of the Russian Federation;

12) the organization of provision of the psychology and pedagogical, medical and public assistance to the students experiencing difficulties in development of the main general education programs, the development and social adaptation;

12. 1) creation of conditions for the organization of carrying out independent quality evaluation of conditions of implementation of educational activities by the organizations performing educational activities;

13) implementation of other powers established by this Federal Law in the field of education.

1.1. The executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation exercising public administration in the field of education perform approval of appointment of officials of executive bodies (local administrations) of municipal districts, municipal and city districts (deputy heads of local administrations, heads of structural divisions of local administrations or industry bodies of the local administrations) exercising municipal authority in the field of education.

2. Public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation have the right to collateral financial provision of actions for catering services of students in the municipal educational organizations and students in the private general education organizations for the main general education programs having the state accreditation, and also provision of the state support of additional education of children, including financial provision of provision of additional education of children in the municipal educational organizations and the private educational organizations realizing additional general education programs for children.

3. Public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation have the right to provide the organization of provision on competitive basis of the higher education in the educational organizations of the higher education of subjects of the Russian Federation.

4. In the federal territory Sirius of power of public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation in the field of education, provided by parts 1 - 3 these Articles, are performed by bodies of the public power of the federal territory Sirius.

Article 9. Powers of local government bodies of municipal districts, municipal districts and city districts in the field of education

1. According to the solution of questions of local value in the field of education treat powers of local government bodies of municipal districts, municipal districts and city districts:

1) the organization of provision of the public and free preschool, primary general, main general, secondary general education for the main general education programs in the municipal educational organizations (except for powers on financial provision of implementation of the main general education programs according to federal state educational standards);

2) the organization of provision of additional education of children in the municipal educational organizations (except for additional education of children which financial provision is performed by public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation);

3) creation of conditions for implementation of supervision and care of children, contents of children in the municipal educational organizations;

4) creation, reorganization, liquidation of the municipal educational organizations (except for creations of municipal districts of the municipal educational organizations of the higher education by local government bodies), implementation of functions and powers of founders of the municipal educational organizations;

5) ensuring content of buildings and constructions of the municipal educational organizations, arrangement of the territories adjoining to them;

6) accounting of the children who are subject to training in educational programs of the preschool, primary general, main general and secondary general education, fixing of the municipal educational organizations to the specific territories of the municipal district, the municipal district, city district;

7) implementation of other powers established by this Federal Law in the field of education.

2. In subjects of the Russian Federation - the federal cities of Moscow, St. Petersburg and Sevastopol of power of local government bodies of intracity municipalities in the field of education, including on fixing of the educational organizations of subjects of the Russian Federation to the specific territories, are established by the laws of subjects of the Russian Federation - the federal cities of Moscow, St. Petersburg and Sevastopol.

2.2. In the federal territory Sirius of power of local government bodies in the field of education, provided by part of 1 this Article, are performed by bodies of the public power of the federal territory Sirius.

3. Local government bodies of municipal districts have the right to implementation of functions of founders of the municipal educational organizations of the higher education which are under their authority as of December 31, 2008.

4. Local government bodies of municipal districts and city districts have the right to provide the organization of provision on competitive basis of the higher education in the municipal educational organizations of the higher education.

Chapter 2. Education system

Article 10. Structure of education system

1. The education system includes:

1) federal state educational standards and federal state requirements, educational standards and independently installed requirements, educational programs of different type, level and (or) orientation;

2) the organizations performing educational activities, pedagogical workers, students and parents (legal representatives) of minor students;

3) the federal state bodies and public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation exercising public administration in the field of education and the local government bodies exercising control in the field of education, created by them consultative, advisory and other bodies;

4) the organizations performing ensuring educational activities, education quality evaluation;

5) associations of legal entities, employers and their associations, the public associations performing activities in the field of education.

2. Education is subdivided into the general education, professional education, additional education and professional training providing sales opportunity of right to education during all life (life-long education).

3. The general education and professional education are implemented on the education levels.

4. In the Russian Federation the following levels of the general education are established:

1) preschool education;

2) primary general education;

3) main general education;

4) secondary general education.

5. In the Russian Federation the following levels of professional education are established:

1) secondary professional education;

2) the higher education - bachelor degree;

3) the higher education - specialist programme, magistracy;

4) the higher education - training of the top skills.

6. Additional education includes such subspecies as additional education of children and adults and additional professional education.

7. The education system creates conditions for life-long education by means of implementation of the main educational programs and different additional educational programs, provision of possibility of simultaneous development of several educational programs, and also the accounting which are available educations, qualifications of experience of practical activities in case of education.

Article 11. Federal state educational standards and federal state requirements. Educational standards and independently established requirements

1. Federal state educational standards and federal state requirements provide:

1) unity of educational space of the Russian Federation;

2) succession of the main educational programs;

3) variability of contents of educational programs of appropriate level of education, possibility of forming of educational programs different the level of complexity and orientation taking into account educational needs and capabilities of students;

4) the state guarantees of level and quality of education on the basis of unity of mandatory requirements to sales terms of the main educational programs and results of their development.

2. Federal state educational standards, except for the federal state educational standard of preschool education, educational standards are basis of objective assessment of conformity to the established requirements of educational activities and training of the students who mastered educational programs of appropriate level and the corresponding orientation irrespective of form of education and form of education.

3. Federal state educational standards include requirements to:

1) to structure of the main educational programs (including to ratio of obligatory part of the main educational program and part created by participants of the educational relations) and to their amount;

2) to sales terms of the main educational programs, including personnel, financial, material conditions;

3) to results of development of the main educational programs.

4. Federal state educational standards establish dates of receipt of the general education and professional education taking into account different forms of education, educational technologies and features of separate categories of students.

5. Federal state educational standards of the general education are developed on the education levels. Federal state educational standards of professional education are developed on the education levels or by professions, specialties and the directions of preparation on appropriate levels of professional education or the enlarged groups of professions, specialties and the directions of preparation, and also on the areas and types of professional activity approved according to the labor law.

5.1. Federal state educational standards of the preschool, primary general and main general education provide possibility of education in the native languages from among languages of the people of the Russian Federation, studying of state languages of the republics of the Russian Federation, the native languages from among languages of the people of the Russian Federation, including Russian as native language.

6. For the purpose of ensuring realization of right to education of students with limited opportunities of health federal state educational standards of education of specified persons are established or special requirements join in federal state educational standards.

7. Voided

8. Lists of professions and specialties of secondary professional education with indication of the qualification appropriated by the corresponding professions and specialties of secondary professional education, procedure for forming of these lists affirm the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of the general education. Lists of specialties and the directions of preparation of the higher education according to programs of bachelor degree, programs of specialist programme, programs of magistracy, programs of internship and programs of assistantship training with indication of the qualification appropriated on the corresponding specialties and the directions of preparation of the higher education, procedure for forming of these lists affirm the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of the higher education. In case of approval of new lists of professions, specialties and the directions of preparation depending on the education level compliance of the separate professions specified in these lists, specialties and the directions of preparation to the professions, specialties and the directions of preparation specified in the previous lists of professions, specialties and the directions of preparation can be established by the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of the general education, or the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of the higher education.

8.1. Training in programs of preparation scientific and research and educational personnel in postgraduate study (graduate military course) is performed on the scientific specialties provided by the nomenclature of scientific specialties on which academic degrees are awarded approved by the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of the higher education.

9. The procedure for development, approval of federal state educational standards and introduction of changes in them is established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

9.1. Federal state requirements are established:

1) to structure of programs of preparation scientific and research and educational personnel in postgraduate study (graduate military course), to conditions of their realization, terms of development of these programs taking into account different forms of education, educational technologies and features of separate categories of students the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of the higher education;

2) to minimum of contents of additional preprofessional programs, structure and conditions of their realization, terms of training in these programs authorized federal executive bodies according to this Federal Law.

10. Lomonosov Moscow State University, St. Petersburg State University, the educational organizations of the higher education concerning which the category "federal university" or "national research university", and also the federal state educational organizations of the higher education which list affirms the presidential decree of the Russian Federation is established have the right to develop and approve independently educational standards according to programs of bachelor degree, programs of specialist programme, programs of magistracy, programs of internship and programs of assistantship training. The requirements to sales terms and results of development of educational programs of the higher education included in such educational standards cannot be below relevant requirements of federal state educational standards.

11. The educational organizations of the higher education specified in part 10 of this Article, having the right to develop and approve independently established requirements which cannot be below federal state requirements.

Article 12. Educational programs

1. Educational programs determine education content. Content of education shall promote mutual understanding and cooperation between people, the people irrespective of racial, national, ethnic, religious and social identity, to consider variety of world outlook approaches, to promote realization of the right of the opinions and beliefs studying for the free choice, to provide development of capabilities of each person, forming and development of his personality according to the spiritual and moral and sociocultural values accepted in family and society. Content of professional education and professional training shall provide qualification.

2. In the Russian Federation on levels of general and professional education, on professional training the main educational programs, on additional education - additional educational programs are implemented.

3. Treat the main educational programs:

1) the main general education programs - educational programs of preschool education, educational programs of the primary general education, educational programs of the main general education, educational programs of the secondary general education;

2) main professional educational programs:

a) educational programs of secondary professional education - the program of training of skilled workers, employees, the program of training of specialists of average link;

b) educational programs of the higher education - the program of bachelor degree, the program of specialist programme, the program of magistracy, the program of preparation scientific and research and educational personnel in postgraduate study (graduate military course), programs of internship, the program of assistantship training;

3) the main programs of professional training - the program of professional training for professions of workers, positions of employees, the program of retraining of workers, employees, the program of advanced training of workers, employees.

4. Treat additional educational programs:

1) additional general education programs - the additional all-developing programs, additional preprofessional programs;

2) additional professional programs - programs of advanced training, the program of occupational retraining.

5. Educational programs independently are developed and affirm the organization performing educational activities if other is not established by this Federal Law.

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