The agreement between the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Republic Kyrgyzstan, the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Republic of Tajikistan and Turkmenistan on cooperation in the field of joint management of use and protection of water resources of interstate sources
of February 18, 1992
The Republic of Kazakhstan, the Republic Kyrgyzstan, the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Republic of Tajikistan and Turkmenistan which are hereinafter referred to as by the Parties
being guided by need of the approved and organized solution of questions of joint management of water resources of interstate sources and for the purpose of further carrying out coordinated policy for the benefit of development of economy and increase in level of living of the population;
based on historical community of the people living in the territory of the republics, their equal rights and responsibility for ensuring rational use and protection of water resources;
recognizing continuous dependence, and interrelation of interests of all republics in the solution of questions of joint use of water resources on the principles, general for all region, and fair regulation of their consumption;
considering that only consolidation and joint coordination of actions will promote creating favorable conditions for the solution of social and economic problems, will allow to mitigate and stabilize ecological intensity which, arose as a result of exhaustion of water resources, and also considering that in the Republic of Tajikistan the disproportion in security with the irrigation areas having per capita takes place, recognizing possible increase in water security of the irrigated agriculture;
respecting the developed structure and the principles of distribution and based on current regulating documents on distribution of water resources of interstate water sources,
agreed in the following:
Recognizing community and unity of water resources of the region, the Parties have identical rights to use and responsibility for ensuring their rational use and protection.
Contracting parties shall provide strict observance of collateral order and statutory rules of use and protection of water resources.
Each of the parties participating in the Agreement not allow in the territory of actions of other parties infringing on interests and capable to cause them damage, to lead to change of the approved sizes of expenses of water and pollution of water sources.
The parties shall carry out jointly works for the solution of the environmental problems connected with drying of the Aral Sea and also establish amounts of sanitary release for each specific year, proceeding from water content of interstate sources.
In exclusively shallow years concerning water supply of extremely scarce areas the special separate decision is made.
The parties will promote broad information exchange concerning scientific and technical progress in area of water economy, complex use and protection of water resources, to carrying out joint surveys on scientific and technical providing problems and examinations of projects of water management and economic objects.
The parties make the decision on joint use of potential production of water economy of the republics.
The parties made the decision to create on parity conditions the Interstate coordination water management commission on regulatory issues, rational use and protection of water resources of interstate sources, having included the first heads of the water management organizations in its structure, having provided holding meetings quarterly and as necessary - at the initiative of the parties.
Meetings of said commission are held serially under the chairmanship of representatives of the states and in the respective capital.
To the Coordination water management commission it is assigned:
- determination of water management policy in the region, development of its directions taking into account needs of all industries of the national economy of complex and rational use of water resources, the perspective program of water supply of the region and measures for its realization;
- development and approval of limits of water consumption annually for each of the republics and the region in general, the corresponding schedules of operating modes of water storage basins, their adjustment according to the specified forecasts depending on the actual water content and the developing water management situation.
Executive and interdepartmental regulatory authorities of the Interstate coordination commission to determine the basin water management associations "Syr Darya" and "Amu Darya".
Executive and interdepartmental regulatory authorities of the Interstate coordination water management commission to determine the basin water management associations "Syr Darya" and "Amu Darya" which shall function on conditions that all constructions and objects on the rivers and water sources operated by them are property of the republics on accessory and are considered transferred to temporary use without right of disposal and the redemption as of 1.01.92.
Basin water management associations contain due to assignments of water management bodies of the republics on the terms of parity and equity.
The coordination commission and its executive body provide:
- strict observance of the mode of releases and limit of water consumption;
- accomplishment of measures for rational and economic use of water resources, to the omission of sanitary expenses on trunks of all rivers and irrigating systems (where they are provided), giving to deltas of the rivers and the Aral Sea of the guaranteed amount of water resources for the purpose of improvement of ecological situation, respect for quality of water according to the reached agreements.
The decisions made by the Coordination water management commission on questions of observance of the set limits of water intakes, rational use and protection of water resources are obligatory to execution for all water consumers and water users.
The parties agreed to develop the mechanism of economic and other responsibility for violation of the set mode and limits of use of waters during 1992.
All matters of argument are resolved by heads of the water management organizations of the republics if necessary with participation of the representative of disinterested party.
The agreement can be changed or added only with joint consideration of all contracting parties.
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