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The document ceased to be valid since September 3, 2015 according to Item 1 of the Order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of August 21, 2015 No. 657

ORDER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

of October 24, 2012 No. 1353

About approval of User Safety Rules for Operating Electrical Equipment

According to the subitem 25) of article 4 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 9, 2004 "About power industry" the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan DECIDES:

1. Approve the enclosed User Safety Rules for Operating Electrical Equipment.

2. This resolution becomes effective after ten calendar days after the first official publication.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan

S. Akhmetov

Approved by the Order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of October 24, 2012 No. 1353

User Safety Rules for Operating Electrical Equipment

1. General provisions

1. These rules of safe engineering in case of operation of electroinstallations of consumers (further - Rules) are developed for the purpose of implementation of the subitem 25) of article 4 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 9, 2004 "About power industry" and establish procedure for safe engineering in case of operation of electroinstallations of consumers.

2. In these rules the following basic concepts and determinations are used:

1) the admission to works primary - the admission to works on the order or the job specification performed for the first time;

2) the distributing device (further - RU) - the electroinstallation serving for acceptance and distribution of electrical energy, consisting of set of switching devices, combined and connecting tires, auxiliary devices of relay protection and automatic equipment and means of accounting and measurement;

3) the open distributing device (further - ORU) - the distributing device where all or capital equipment are located in the open air;

4) the consumer - the physical person or legal entity consuming electrical energy on the basis of the agreement;

5) intensity of undistorted electric field - the electric field strength, the person who is not distorted by presence and the measuring device determined in zone where the person should be in process of work;

6) electricity transmission air-line (further - VL) - the device for transmission of electricity on the wires located in the open air and attached by means of insulators and fittings to support or brackets and racks on engineering constructions (bridges, overpasses, etc.). Linear portals or linear inputs of distributing devices, and for branches - otvetvitelny support and the linear portal or linear input of distributing devices are accepted to the beginning and the end of air-line of electricity transmission;

7) air-line under the induced tension - air-lines and aerial communication lines which pass on all length or on certain sites near the operating air-lines or near contact network of the electrified railroad of alternating current on which disconnected wires in case of different schemes of their grounding (and also in the absence of grounding) and in case of the greatest working current of the operating air-lines (contact network) voltage more than 25 volts is directed (further - In);

8) the conservation zone of air-lines of electricity transmission and aerial communication lines - zone along transitions of air-lines through reservoirs (the rivers, canals, lakes, etc.) in the form of the airspace over surface of the water of reservoirs limited to the vertical planes remote on both sides of the line from extreme wires in case of their not rejected provision for navigable reservoirs at distance of 100 meters (m) for non-navigable - at the distance provided for establishment of conservation zones along the air-lines passing by land or the zone along air-lines in the form of the parcel of land and airspace limited to the vertical planes remote on both sides of the line from extreme wires in case of not their rejected provision at distance:

for air-lines up to 1 kilovolt (kV) and aerial communication lines - 2 m;

for air-lines of 1-20 kV - 10 m;

for air-lines of 35 kV - 15 m;

for air-lines of 110 kV - 20 m;

for air-lines 150, 220 kV - 25 m;

9) personnel - staff of the company, organization or the part of this structure allocated on the basis of nature of the performed work;

10) administrative technicians - heads and specialists to whom obligations on the organization of technical and operational servicing, carrying out repair, installation and adjustment work in electroinstallations are assigned;

11) crew - group of two people and more, including the operator (observing);

12) works at height - workplaces and passes to them at height of 1,3 of m and more and distance less than 2 m from difference border on height protected with temporary barriers. In case of impossibility of the device of these barriers works at height are performed with use of safety belts;

13) secondary connections (secondary chains) - set of ranks of the clips, electric wires and cables connecting devices and control units, electroautomatic equipment, blocking, measurements, protection and alarm systems;

14) labor protection - the system of ensuring preserving life and health of workers in the course of labor activity including legal, social and economic, organizational and technical, sanitary and hygienic, treatment-and-prophylactic, rehabilitation and other actions;

15) steeplejack works - the works performed at the height more than 5 m from the Earth's surface, overlapping or working flooring over which works directly with designs or the equipment are performed in case of their installation or repair. At the same time the fixed assets protecting working from fall are the safety belt and method of its fixture;

16) the repeated admission to works - the admission to the works which were earlier carried out according to the work permit and also after work stoppage;

17) grounding - deliberate electric connection of any point of network of electroinstallation or the equipment with the grounding device;

18) work category - the works specified in the corresponding column of the work permit are subdivided into works with removal of tension, without removal of tension, without removal of tension on the potential of current carrying part;

19) the hoisting machine - the technical device of cycling action for lifting and moving load;

20) operation personnel - the personnel exercising operational management and servicing of electroinstallations (survey, operational switchings, preparation of workplace, the admission and supervision for working, performance of works according to the procedure of the current operation);

21) operational maintenance force - the maintenance force which is specially trained and prepared for operational servicing in the approved amount of the electroinstallations assigned to it;

22) maintenance force - the personnel providing maintenance and repair, installation, adjustment and testing of electric equipment;

23) preparation of workplace - accomplishment prior to works of technical actions for prevention of impact on the working dangerous production factor on workplace;

24) the order - task for the work production determining it content, the place, time, security measures (if they are required) and persons to whom its accomplishment, with indication of group on electrical safety is entrusted;

25) the closed distributing device (further - ZRU) - the distributing device which equipment is located in the building;

26) the complete distributing device (further - KRU) - the distributing device consisting from fully or partially the closed cases or blocks with the devices which are built in them, devices of protection and automatic equipment, delivered in the collected or completely prepared for assembly type;

27) electroinstallation - complex of the interconnected electric equipment intended for production, accumulating, transformation, transfer, distribution or energy consumption;

28) the operating electroinstallation - electroinstallation or its part which is energized, or on which tension can be given turning on of switching devices;

29) the cable line (further - KL) - the line for transmission of electricity or its separate impulses consisting of one or several parallel cables with connecting, lock and trailer couplings (seals) and fasteners, and for oil-filled cable lines, besides, with the feeding devices and system of the alarm system of pressure of oil;

30) the switching device - the electric device intended for switching of electrical energy and removal of tension from part of electroinstallation (the switch, the loading switch, separator, the disconnector, the automatic machine, knife switch, the package switch, safety lock);

31) the conservation zone of cable power lines and cable communication lines - the land area along underground cable lines limited to the vertical planes remote on both sides of the line from extreme cables at distance of 1 m for KL and 2 m for cable communication lines, and for the cable lines up to 1000 V passing in the cities under sidewalks at distance of 0,6 of m and 1 m respectively towards carriageway and the counter party;

32) works with removal of tension - work when from current carrying parts of electroinstallation on which works will be performed shutdown of switching devices, by detachment of tires, cables, wires removes stress and are taken the measures interfering giving of tension on current carrying parts to place of employment;

33) the works performed according to the procedure of the current operation - repair and other work, small on amount (no more than one change), on maintenance performed in electroinstallations up to 1000 V operational, operational maintenance force on the fixed equipment according to the list approved by the head (chief engineer) of the organization;

34) protective grounding - grounding of parts of electroinstallation for the purpose of ensuring electrical safety;

35) sign of safety (poster) - the sign intended for the warning of the person of possible danger, prohibition or the instruction of certain actions, and also for information on arrangement of objects which use is connected with exception or decrease in effects of impact of dangerous and (or) harmful production factors;

36) accession - the electric chain (the equipment and tires) of one appointment, the name and tension attached to tires of RU, the generator, board, assembly and which is in limits of power plant, substation. Electric chains of different tension of one power transformer (irrespective of number of windings), one 2-speed electric motor are considered as one accession. In schemes of polygons, one-and-a-half schemes all switching devices and tires by means of which this line or the transformer are attached to RU belong to accession of the line, the transformer;

37) electric substation - the electroinstallation intended for transformation and distribution of electrical energy;

38) electroinstallation with the simple evident scheme - the distributing device over 1000 V with the single sectioned or not sectioned system of tires which does not have cold system of tires, all air-lines and KL, all electroinstallations up to 1000 V;

39) instructing target - the instructions for safe accomplishment of specific work in electroinstallation covering category of persons determined by the job specification or the order from issued the job specification, made the order to the member of crew or the contractor;

40) zone of influence of magnetic field - space in which intensity of magnetic field exceeds 80 amperes on meter (Car);

41) mechanisms - hydraulic elevators, telescopic towers, excavators, tractors, auto-loaders, boring and crane machines, sliding ladders with the mechanical drive;

42) the mechanical lock - the lock which is locked key, the removable handle;

43) the work permit (further - the job specification) - task for the work production which is drawn up on the special form of the established form and the determining content, place of employment, time of its beginning and the termination, condition of safe carrying out, structure of crew and persons responsible for safe performance of work;

44) work without removal of tension on current carrying parts or near them - the work performed with touch to the current carrying parts which are energized (working or induced), or at distances from these current carrying parts of less admissible;

45) maintenance - complex of transactions or transaction on maintenance of working capacity or operability of product in case of proper use, expectation, storage and transportation;

46) current carrying part - the part of electroinstallation which is normally energized;

47) not current carrying part - part of electroinstallation which can appear energized in emergency operation of work (for example, the body of the electrical machine);

48) survey - visual inspection of electric equipment, buildings and constructions, electroinstallations;

49) urgent works - the works performed instantly for prevention of impact on people of dangerous production factor which can lead to injury or other sudden sharp deterioration in health, and also work on elimination of the defects and damages menacing with violation of normal operation of the equipment, constructions, devices of thermal automatic equipment and management (further - TAI), of systems electro-and heat supplies of consumers;

50) zone of influence of electric field - space in which electric field strength exceeds 5 kilovolts on meter (sq.m);

51) operational servicing of electroinstallation - complex of works on maintaining required operating mode of electroinstallation, to production of switchings, surveys of the equipment to preparation for repair production (preparation of workplace, the admission), maintenance of the equipment provided by job descriptions of operation personnel;

52) responsible for electroinstallations - the worker from among administrative technicians to whom obligations on the organization of safe work in electroinstallation are assigned (-ah) according to the existing rules and normative and technical documents;

53) not electric personnel - the production personnel which are not getting under determination of "electrotechnical", "electrotechnology" personnel;

54) electrotechnical personnel - administrative and technical, operational, quickly - the maintenance, maintenance force performing installation, adjustment, technical maintenance, repair, management of operating mode of electroinstallations;

55) electrotechnology personnel - personnel at which in the engineering procedure of the main component managed by it the electrical energy is (for example, electric welding, arc furnaces, electrolysis), the electric tool and lamps, and other workers using in work manual electrical machines, portable, for which the job description establishes knowledge of these rules;

56) workplace in case of performance of works in electroinstallation - the site of electroinstallation where the personnel for performance of work according to the job specification, the order or according to the procedure of the current operation are allowed;

57) special works - works to which increased requirements on safety are imposed.

Steeplejack works belong to special works, energized on current carrying parts it is higher than 1000 V of work - cleaning, having washed also replacement of insulators, repair of wires, control of insulators and connecting clips with measuring bar, lubricant of cables, works in wells, holes, trenches and ditches more than 2 m in depth, servicing of the vessels working under pressure, testing of the equipment the increased tension (except for works with megaohmmeter);

58) power network - set of substations, distributing devices and the electric lines connecting them placed in the territory of consumers of electrical energy;

59) the electroprotectant - the remedy intended for ensuring electrical safety;

60) the worker having group II-V - degree of qualification of personnel on electrical safety.

3. Depending on local conditions the employer provides the additional security measures of work which are not contradicting these rules. These security measures are led up to personnel in the form of orders, instructions, instructing.

4. Electroinstallations need to be contained in technically serviceable condition providing safe working conditions.

5. Electroinstallations need to be completed with protective equipment, and also means of first aid, tested, ready to use, according to the existing Rules.

2. Safety of work of personnel of the Requirement to personnel

6. The workers performing works in electroinstallations need availability of the professional training corresponding to kind of work.

7. The procedure for preparation and control of knowledge of personnel is performed according to the Rules of work with personnel in the energy organizations approved by the order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

8. The workers and specialists occupied at works with harmful and dangerous working conditions undergo obligatory testing of the state of health according to the procedure and the terms established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

In case of absence in the qualification certificate of the worker of the positive conclusion of medical commission its admission to the specified works is forbidden.

9. Workers whose productive activity is connected with electroinstallations perform the activities according to group on the electrical safety given in appendix 1 to these rules.

10. Persons allowed to accomplishment of special works have about it entry in the qualification certificate.

11. It is not allowed to involve persons who did not reach 18 summer age in works with harmful working conditions. The list of these works is established by the relevant legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

12. In case of danger of emergence of accident, the workers who are close, following safety rules, take measures for its prevention (stop the mechanism, remove stress), and in case of accident give also pre-medical help to the victim, having kept whenever possible incident on-scene situation. The worker reports to the head (producer) of works, operation personnel the matter.

13. Workers are provided on existing rules with overalls, special footwear and individual remedies according to nature of works and shall use them in operating time.

14. The workers who are in rooms with the operating electric equipment (except for control panels, relay and it similar), in ZRU and ORU, in wells, tunnels and trenches, and also participating in servicing and capital repairs of VL, use protective helmets.

Operational servicing. Surveys of electroinstallations

15. The type of operational servicing of electroinstallation, and also number of persons employed from among operation personnel in change are determined by management of the company (organization) and are fixed by the corresponding order.

16. For works in electroinstallations higher than 1000 V are allowed the workers from among operation personnel solely servicing electroinstallation or seniors on change of the IV group on electrical safety, other workers in change - III groups on electrical safety.

17. For works in electroinstallations to 1000 V the workers from among operation personnel servicing electroinstallation with III group on electrical safety are allowed.

18. For works in electroinstallations approach of the people, mechanisms and hoisting machines to the current carrying parts which are energized and not protected on distances which were less specified in the table 1 of appendix 10 to these rules is not allowed.

19. Operational switchings in electroinstallations are carried out operational and operational maintenance force. As the second persons it is allowed to involve maintenance and electrotechnical force of consumer organizations in switchings.

20. Individual survey of electroinstallations is carried out by the operation personnel which is on watch and also administrative technicians with the V group on electrical safety.

The right of individual survey of electroinstallations is granted to administrative technicians by the order on the company.

21. The workers who do not have the right of individual survey of electroinstallation are allowed to the room of electroinstallation in escort of the workers listed in Item 20 of these rules.

Control of safety of the workers allowed to work in electroinstallations is performed by the accompanying worker.

22. In case of survey of electroinstallations over 1000 V it is forbidden to enter the placements, cameras which are not equipped with the barriers or barriers interfering approach to current carrying parts, on distances, less specified in the table 1 of appendix 10 to these rules. It is not allowed to get for barriers and barriers. It is allowed to open doors of boards, assemblies up to 1000 V, control panels and other devices.

23. In case of short circuit on the earth in electroinstallations of 3-35 kV to approach the place of short circuit on distance less than 4 m in ZRU and less than 8 m in ORU and on air-lines it is allowed only for operational switchings for the purpose of liquidation of short circuit and release of the people who got under tension.

24. Transactions with the disconnectors, separators and switches over 1000 V having the manual drive are carried out in dielectric gloves.

25. Removal and installation of safety locks are carried out at the removed stress.

Energized, but without loading it is allowed to remove and establish safety locks on accessions in which scheme there are no switching devices allowing to remove stress.

Under loading it is allowed to replace safety locks in secondary chains, safety locks of transformers of tension and safety locks of plug type.

26. For removal and installation of safety locks energized use:

1) in electroinstallations over 1000 V - the isolating pincers (bar) using dielectric gloves and remedies of person and eyes;

2) in electroinstallations up to 1000 V - the isolating pincers or dielectric gloves and remedies of person and eye.

27. Doors of rooms of electroinstallations, cameras, boards and assemblies are equipped with the locking devices. In case of works in cameras, boards and assemblies the last are not locked.

28. Keys from electroinstallations are on accounting at operation personnel. Without local operation personnel keys are in electroinstallations on accounting at administrative technicians.

Keys are numbered and stored in the locked box. One set of keys - reserve. Keys are issued on receipt:

1) to the workers having the right of individual survey - from all rooms;

2) in case of the admission - to the head and the operator (observing) - from rooms in which it is necessary to work.

Keys from cameras in electroinstallations over 1000 V in case of the admission are issued only allowing from among operation personnel.

Keys are subject to return by the head, operator (observing) daily upon termination of works, in case of survey of electroinstallations - upon completion of survey.

In electroinstallations without local operation personnel keys return no later than the next working day after survey or complete completion of works.

Issue and return of keys are considered in the special magazine of any form or in the operational magazine.

29. In case of accidents for release of the victim of action of electric current stress is removed immediately without preliminary permission.

3. General requirements on the organization of safe engineering in case of operation of electroinstallations of consumers

30. Works in the operating electroinstallations it is carried out according to the job specification which form and instructions for its filling are given in appendix 2 to these rules, and the order in the cases provided by these rules.

31. The organization of safe engineering in case of operation of electroinstallations of consumers are:

1) issue of the job specification or order on works;

2) the organization of the works performed according to the procedure of the current operation according to their list;

3) issue of permission to the admission on workplace;

4) the admission on workplace;

5) supervision in case of performance of works;

6) transfer into other workplace;

7) registration of work stoppages, completion of work.

32. Are responsible for safe work:

1) person issuing the job specification, the order approving the list of the works performed according to the procedure of the current operation;

2) responsible works manager;

3) issuing permission to the admission to workplace;

4) allowing on workplace;

5) operator;

6) observing;

7) member of crew.

33. The issuing job specification, the order takes measures for preparation of workplaces and bears responsibility for sufficiency, correctness of the security measures specified in the job specification, for high-quality and quantitative structure of crew and appointment of responsible persons, and also for compliance to the performed work of groups on electrical safety of the workers listed in the job specification.

34. The right of issue of the job specification, order in electroinstallations over 1000 V is provided to workers from administrative technicians with the V group on electrical safety, in electroinstallations to 1000 V - with the IV group on electrical safety.

In case of absence of the workers having the right of issue of job specifications during the works on accident prevention or liquidation of their effects issue of job specifications and orders by workers with the IV group on electrical safety from among operation personnel of this electroinstallation is allowed. Provision to operation personnel of the right of issue of job specifications is drawn up by written specifying of the head of the organization.

35. The responsible head is appointed in case of performance of works:

1) with use of mechanisms and hoisting machines;

2) with shutdown of electric equipment, except as specified, the these rules provided in Item 42;

3) in electroinstallations with the difficult scheme of electric connections;

4) on electric motors and accessions of RU;

5) under the induced tension;

6) on VL, KL, the cable communication line (further - KLS), including on VL under the working tension;

7) without removal of tension on current carrying parts with isolation of the person from the earth;

8) on testing of electric equipment, including out of electroinstallations (in invalid electroinstallations, in warehouses, in the territory of the company, in the field);

9) in zones of arrangement of underground communications, in zones of heavy traffic of transport;

10) on the equipment of means of dispatching and technology management (on the device of mast transitions, testing of KLS, during the works with the equipment of unattended intensifying Item (further - NUP) (unattended regeneration Item (further - NRP)), on accession filters without inclusion of the grounding communication condenser knife).

Need of appointment of the responsible head during other works determines the issuing job specification.

The responsible works manager is appointed during the works in electroinstallations over 1000 V.

The responsible works manager bears responsibility for accomplishment of all security measures specified in the job specification and their sufficiency, for the additional security measures taken by it, for completeness and quality of the target instructing of crew including which is carried out allowing and the operator, for electrical safety and safety working from other production factors. Information on the carried-out target instructing in case of primary admission is registered in the form given in table 5 of Appendix 2 to these rules. The specialists having are appointed responsible works managers:

The V group on electrical safety in electroinstallations over 1000 V;

The IV group on electrical safety in electroinstallations up to 1000 V.

36. Issuing permission to the admission to workplace is responsible for the correct issue of task to the person on duty and operational maintenance force on amount of shutdowns and grounding, for reliability of the data reported to these personnel on amount of previously executed transactions on shutdown and grounding, for coordination of time and place of employment of the allowed crews, and also for inclusion of electroinstallation after complete completion of works with all crews allowed to works on this electroinstallation.

Issue of permission to the admission on workplace is performed by personnel on duty in which operational management there is electroinstallation.

37. Allowing bears responsibility for:

1) the correct and exact accomplishment of technical actions for preparation of the workplace specified in the job specification, the order, compliance of technical actions to nature and place of employment;

2) the correct admission to work;

3) completeness and quality instructed by it members of crew.

Allowing appoint from among operation personnel. In electroinstallations over 1000 V allowing has the IV group on electrical safety, and in electroinstallations to 1000 V - III group.

38. The operator bears responsibility for:

1) workplace compliance to instructions of the job specification, providing the security measures necessary under the terms of performance of works;

2) clearness and completeness of instructing of members of crew;

3) availability, operability and correct application of remedies, tools, stock and devices;

4) safety on workplace of barriers, posters, the locking devices of drives;

5) safe carrying out work and observance of these rules him and members of crew;

6) implementation of constant control over members of crew.

The operator, carried out according to the job specification in electroinstallations over 1000 V, has the IV group on electrical safety, and in electroinstallations up to 1000 V - III group.

For works in underground constructions where emergence of harmful gases, works energized and on banner, replacement of the wires by VL up to 1000 V suspended on the VL support over 1000 V is possible, the operator has the IV group on electrical safety.

For performance of works according to the order in electroinstallations by tension to and it is higher than 1000 V, except the works specified in Item 193 of these rules availability at the operator of III group on electrical safety is sufficient.

39. Observing performs supervision of crew of the workers who do not have the right independently to work in electroinstallations.

Observing bears responsibility for:

1) compliance of the prepared workplace to the instructions provided in the job specification;

2) availability and safety of the grounding established on workplace, barriers, posters and signs of safety, the locking devices of drives;

3) safety of members of crew concerning defeat by electric current of electroinstallation and from other production factors.

The worker heading crew who is its part is responsible for the safety connected with technology of work and constantly is in workplace. Its surname is specified in the line "Separate Instructions" of the job specification.

40. Each member of crew bears responsibility for:

1) fulfillment of requirements of these rules, the instructive instructions received in case of the admission and in operating time;

2) accomplishment of instructions for labor protection of the relevant organizations;

3) availability, operability and correct application of individual remedies, tool, overalls.

41. Written specifying of the head of the organization draws up provision to workers of the rights:

1) issuing the job specification, the order;

2) allowing;

3) responsible works manager;

4) the operator (observing) and also the individual survey.

42. Combination of obligations of persons responsible for safe works is not limited and determined issuing the job specification, except for combination of obligations of the operator and allowing which is forbidden, except following cases:

1) the operator from number of persons employed of operational maintenance force - allowing;

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