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LAW OF UKRAINE

of September 18, 2012 No. 5293-VI

About aquaculture

(as amended on 04-11-2020)

This Law determines the principles of state policy, the basic principles of development and functioning of aquaculture, the legal basis of activities of executive bodies, local government bodies in the field of aquaculture.

Section I General provisions

Article 1. Determination of terms

1. In this Law the following terms are used in such value:

aquaculture (fish breeding) - agricultural activities for artificial culture, content and cultivation of objects of aquaculture in fully or partially controlled conditions for receipt of agricultural products (aquaculture products) and to its realization, production of forages, reconstruction of bioresources, conducting selection and breeding work, introduction, resettlement, acclimatization and reacclimatization of aquatic organisms, replenishment action of water bioresources, preserving their biovariety, and also providing recreational services;

acclimatization of objects of aquaculture - activities for installation of aquatic organisms in water objects (their part) located outside their natural area for the purpose of enrichment and optimization of specific structure of water bioresources in case of complete adaptation of the Universes of aquatic organisms to new ecological conditions with creation of resistant populations by them, capable to self-reproduction;

vypasny aquaculture - activities for extensive cultivation of objects of aquaculture by installation of uneven-aged groups of the aquatic organisms received in the conditions of aquaculture in fishery water objects (their part) for increase in efficiency of use of their bioproductional potential;

open conditions of aquaculture - conditions under which cultivation, content and cultivation of objects of aquaculture, are performed in the water circle which is not separated water objects (their parts) by barriers which prevent free exit of objects of aquaculture;

genofondny collections - genetically representative set of live fishes or other aquatic organisms, the cryotinned or preserved by other means genetic materials;

hydrotechnical constructions of fishery technology reservoir (hydrotechnical constructions) - real estate units (earthfill dams and dams, water intaking constructions, flood spillways, ground water outlets, water supplying, waste and rybosbornoosushitelny channels, ryboulavlivatel, cameras round-up, moorings, spillways, rapid flows, differences, preggraditelny fish-protecting and other constructions) which are the engineering constructions intended for water resources management (preparation, delivery, storage, transportation of water and water disposal), and also for prevention of harmful effect of waters;

ground water outlet - construction which is intended for regulation of water level, complete dumping of water from reservoir, and also for movement of objects of aquaculture in ryboulavlivatel;

extensive form of aquaculture - organizational and technology form of fishing activities in the field of aquaculture in case of which cultivation of objects of aquaculture is performed with use of natural food resources of fishery water objects (their parts) without application of means of intensification;

the closed aquaculture conditions - conditions under which cultivation, content and cultivation of objects of aquaculture, are performed in the water circle separated water object (its part) by the barriers preventing free exit of objects of aquaculture. Application of installations of the closed water supply belongs to the closed aquaculture conditions;

means of intensification - engineering procedures which include artificial feeding of objects of aquaculture, special preparation of fishery water objects (their parts), fishery technology reservoirs with fertilizer their organic and mineral substances with periodic descent of water for fishery requirements, and other controlled engineering procedures which are applied separately (selectively) or in a complex;

earthfill dam - earth construction which is constructed for creation of artificial watertank by separation of waterway into the upper and lower byef and concentrations of water in the upper byef;

earth dam - earth construction which is constructed for content of the surface waters concentrated in artificially framed reservoir;

zones of aquaculture (ryboproizvodstvo) - the territory of Ukraine which borders are conditionally established according to climatic characteristics for implementation of aquaculture (fish breeding) - by the number of days for year in which average air temperature exceeds 15 °C;

industrial aquaculture - activities for artificial culture, content and cultivation of objects of aquaculture, with use of fish and floating pens, fish farm tanks, other technology devices, including using installations of the closed water supply;

intensive form of aquaculture - organizational and technology form of fishing activities in the field of aquaculture in case of which cultivation of objects of aquaculture is performed from the condensing landings with intensive artificial feeding by the compound feeds balanced on structure according to biological requirements of specific aquatic organisms, and other sterns with high nutritiousness;

introduction of objects of aquaculture - activities for installation of aquatic organisms (introduced species) in water objects (their part) which are located outside their natural area, for the purpose of providing growth in volumes of products of aquaculture and implementation of fishery melioration in the absence of natural reproduction of the Universes of organisms in new places of stay;

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