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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

of July 3, 2012 No. 838

About the museums and Museum fund

(Law RT as amended of 19.03.2013 No. 957)

This Law establishes the legal basis of activities of the museums and museum fund in the Republic of Tajikistan, governs the public relations in this sphere, provides and protects constitutional rights of citizens on use of museum objects and museum collections of Museum fund of the Republic of Tajikistan.

CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1. Basic concepts

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

- the museum - non-commercial cultural institution which is created for the purpose of identification, registration, classification, restoration, storage, research and public exposure of objects and historical cultural collections;

- historical and cultural value - the museum objects having universal, historical, scientific and art and cultural value, collected and which are stored in the state, non-state museums and personal collections;

- museum objects - valuable ancient or modern objects, history, quality or special signs of which do necessary for society their preserving, studying and public exposure;

- museum collection - set of the museum objects classified by general features of origin, type and other signs in museum fund;

- museum fund - set of the museum objects and museum collections residing in the museum and which use is performed according to the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan;

- The state catalog of Museum fund of the Republic of Tajikistan - the accounting document containing necessary data on each museum subject and museum collection of Museum fund of the Republic of Tajikistan;

- procurement commission - the advisory and expert body of the museum considering questions of selection or acquisition of the museum objects and museum collections having historical and cultural value;

- purchase of museum objects and museum collections - one of fixed assets of collection, storage and safety of museum objects and museum collections;

- scientific examination of museum objects and museum collections type of research activities for carrying out research, the analysis and scientific assessment of the museum objects and museum collections confirming with the conclusion their historical and cultural value and need of their acquisition;

- storage - one of the main forms of activities of the museum providing material and legal conditions of safety of museum objects and museum collections;

- the publication of museum objects and museum collections one of the main forms of activities of the museum which purpose is representation of museum objects and museum collections of the public by preparation and publication of printed materials, the organization of public exposure, reproduction in printing editions and other means.

Article 2. Legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on the museums and Museum fund of the Republic of Tajikistan

The legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on the museums and Museum fund of the Republic of Tajikistan is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan and consists of this Law, other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan and the international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan.

Article 3. State control of the museums and Museum fund of the Republic of Tajikistan

1. In the Republic of Tajikistan the state control of the museums and Museum fund of the Republic of Tajikistan performs authorized state body of the sphere of culture.

2. The authorized state body of the sphere of culture is determined by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan.

CHAPTER 2. THE MUSEUMS IN THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

Article 4. Creation and activities of the museums in the Republic of Tajikistan

1. The museums in the Republic of Tajikistan are created in the procedure established by the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan.

2. It is necessary for creation of the museum;

- availability of museum objects and museum collections which quantity and historical and cultural value it is confirmed with the conclusion of scientific examination;

- availability of the protected building and the corresponding equipment for storage and exposure of museum objects and museum collections;

- availability of sources of financing.

3. Activities of the museums are organized according to the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan, their charters and decisions of the founder (founders) and they can be engaged in the activities which are bringing in the incomes necessary for achievement of the authorized purposes. The museums have the right to be engaged in trade in photos, drawings, books, souvenirs and other goods with images of museum objects, museum collections, buildings, constructions and symbolics of the museum directly in the museum.

4. In the museum activities of other organizations, except temporary, approved with the museum are forbidden, to activities of expert, research and restoration organizations for examination, research and restoration of museum objects and museum collections.

Article 4 (1). Memorial estate

1. Memorial estate - special type of the museum which is created in the territory of the objects of historical and cultural heritage relating to the historical and cultural reserve and the related natural landscape. If necessary, in the territory of this reserve traditional production and other type of activity according to its charter is organized.

2. The memorial estate according to the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan ensures safety of objects of historical and cultural heritage in the territory and access to them for citizens, and also performs storage, studying and promoting of the specified objects, creates conditions for conservation and tourist activities.

Article 5. Purposes of creation of the museums in the Republic of Tajikistan

The museums in the Republic of Tajikistan are created in the following purposes:

- storage of museum objects and museum collections;

- replenishment of museum fund by purchase and the organization of expeditions and excavation;

- studying and research of museum objects and museum collections;

- publication of data on museum objects and museum collections;

- studying and research of cultural and historical heritage outside the museums;

- systematic organization of mass exhibitions of museum objects and museum collections;

- promotion of museum objects and museum collections of Museum fund of the Republic of Tajikistan outside the country and the organization of exhibitions of foreign museum objects and museum collections in the Republic of Tajikistan;

- the systematic organization of exhibitions of objects of ancient professions and crafts, skills and experience of creation of the modern objects having historical and cultural value.

Article 6. Liquidation of the museums in the Republic of Tajikistan

1. Liquidation of the museums in the Republic of Tajikistan is made in the procedure established by the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan.

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