of March 30, 2012 No. 60
About social integration of persons with limited opportunities
The parliament adopts this organic law.
This law regulates the rights of persons with limited opportunities for the purpose of their social integration, guaranteeing of possibility of participation in all spheres of life by it without discrimination, on an equal basis with other members of society, and is based on observance of basic rights and human freedoms.
Within this law the following basic concepts are determined:
person with limited opportunities - person with physical, intellectual, intellectual or touch violations which in case of interaction can prevent complete and effective participation of this person in life of society on an equal basis with other persons with various barriers / obstacles;
limited opportunities - the general term for specifying of defeats/violations, limits of activities and restrictions of participation designating negative aspects of interaction between the individual (having problems with health) and circumstances in which it is (factors of the environment and personal circumstances);
working capacity - ratio between individual biological capabilities and the professional demand caused by physical and intellectual ability and level of the social and professional integration depending on preparation and experience;
social integration - complex of the diverse measures and actions which are carried out in the fields of social protection, employment of labor power, housing, education, sport, health care, informing and communication, mobility, safety, justice, culture and in other areas connected with integration in society of persons with limited opportunities;
early intervention (for children) - process of anticipation, identification and acceptance of effective measures concerning children and families with the purpose of minimizing of potentially negative impacts and consequences of pathological condition of the child, and also rendering essential assistance in ensuring its development and health protection;
the personal help - individualized services in assistance (in the field of social protection, work, medical care, educational and educational, information area, the field of access to infrastructure, etc.), necessary for mobility and satisfaction of needs of the child or the adult with the severe forms of restriction of opportunities requiring support in the course of integration in society on the basis of the individual program of rehabilitation and social integration, and also primary or complex assessment;
reasonable adaptation - implementation of the necessary and adequate changes and coordination which are not requiring disproportionate or unjustified efforts, when necessary in order that persons with limited opportunities could use or perform on an equal basis with the others all basic rights and human freedoms;
universal design - designing of objects, the environment, programs and services so that they could be used as far as it is possible, all persons without the need for their adaptation or special designing. The universal design does not exclude auxiliary devices for certain groups of persons with limited opportunities, when necessary;
the proper standard of life - protection and promotion of the rights of persons with limited opportunities on proper food, clothes and housing along with other citizens, without discrimination on the basis of restriction of opportunities;
availability - package of measures and works on adaptation of the physical circle, vehicles, and also the information and communication circle, including information and communication technologies and systems, to needs of persons with limited opportunities that is important factor of realization by such persons of the rights and accomplishment of obligations in society;
the individual program of rehabilitation and social integration - the document developed by the National consultation of establishment of restriction of opportunities and working capacity or its territorial structures in which general recommendations of activities and services which person with limited opportunities in the course of social integration needs are provided;
medical rehabilitation - package of measures in medical area, provided at all stages of medical care (primary, secondary and tertiary) for persons with violations of the functions of organism and limited opportunities directed to maintenance of health and quality of life of these persons, the prevention or decrease in extent of restriction of their opportunities by the approved and combined application of various medical, functional and mental methods;
employment rehabilitation - complex of the medical, professional, social and pedagogical measures directed to recovery or compensation of the broken functions of organism and working capacity of person with limited opportunities which for health reasons in case of interaction with various obstacles cannot perform labor activity according to qualification;
the protected place of employment - the space relating to activities of person with limited opportunities, intended for placement of workplaces in the company building and any other place in the company, and also beyond its limits to which person with limited opportunities has access to time of accomplishment of the job duties adapted for needs of this person and which turns on the equipment and ways of access except workplace;
specialized enterprises - the companies and the organizations which 100 percent of the authorized capital belong to the societies and public associations of persons with limited opportunities created for realization of their authorized tasks in which the number of the working persons with limited opportunities makes 50 and more percent from total number of workers. Also workshops, departments of ergoterapiya which do not have legal position, existing as a part of social and medical institutions which have the right to perform independent economic activity with observance of provisions of the current legislation belong to specialized enterprises.
(1) the Purpose of this law consists in establishment of guarantees, protection and promotion of the rights of persons with limited opportunities and their families.
(2) the Measures provided by this law promote the solution of the following tasks:
a) prevention of restriction of opportunities;
b) rehabilitation of persons with limited opportunities;
c) active participation of persons with limited opportunities in life of community;
d) increase in the employment level of persons with limited opportunities;
e) improvement of quality of life of persons with limited opportunities and their families;
f) stimulation of participation in the labor market of persons with limited opportunities;
g) development of the social services corresponding to needs of persons with limited opportunities;
h) creation and providing proper conditions for education, training and professional training of persons with limited opportunities;
i) non-admission or exception of any forms of discrimination of persons with limited opportunities.
This law extends to persons with limited opportunities - the citizens of the Republic of Moldova and foreign citizens living in the Republic of Moldova on legal causes according to the legislation.
Protection and promotion of the rights of persons with limited opportunities are based on the following principles:
a) observance of basic rights and human freedoms;
b) equal opportunities;
c) the equal relation in case of employment and in questions of employment;
d) social solidarity;
g) liberty of choice and control or decision making of rather own life, services and forms of the used support;
h) respect of advantage inherent in the person, individual autonomy, freedoms of own choice and independence of person;
i) perception of persons with limited opportunities as parts of human variety and mankind;
j) complete and effective participation and integration into society;
l) equality in the rights of women and men;
m) respect of the developing capabilities of children with limited opportunities and their rights to keep the identity.
(1) the Legislation on social integration of persons with limited opportunities is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova and includes this law, others legislative and the regulations providing measures for social integration of persons with limited opportunities.
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