of May 26, 2012 No. 385-Z
About legal regime of the territories which underwent to radioactive pollution as a result of catastrophic crash on the Chernobyl NPP
Accepted by the House of Representatives on May 3, 2012
Approved by Council of the Republic on May 8, 2012
Catastrophic crash on the Chernobyl NPP caused huge damage to the Republic of Belarus, was the national radiation ecological disaster which led to adverse changes of ecological situation and conditions of life activity of the person owing to loss on the territory of the republic of significant amount of radionuclides, created possibility of the effects constituting danger to the population and the environment including remote.
This Law sets legal regime of the territories which underwent to radioactive pollution as a result of catastrophic crash on the Chernobyl NPP (daleeterritoriya of radioactive pollution), regulates questions of reference of part of the territory of the Republic of Belarus to the territory of radioactive pollution, reference of the territory of radioactive pollution to zones of radioactive pollution, accomplishment of actions for overcoming effects of catastrophic crash on the Chernobyl NPP for the purpose of decrease in radiative effects on the population and the environment.
For the purposes of this Law the following main terms and their determinations are used:
control of radioactive pollution - radiation inspection of objects of control of radioactive pollution in connection with catastrophic crash on the Chernobyl NPP, determination of content of radionuclides in such objects, superficial radioactive pollution, capacity of dose of gamma radiation;
monitoring of doses of radiation of the population - system of long regular observations of doses of external and internal radiation of the population in connection with catastrophic crash on the Chernobyl NPP;
objects of control of radioactive pollution - the territory, forest and water arrays, buildings and constructions, the equipment, transport, and also forest, agricultural, industrial and other output (further, unless otherwise specified, products), construction materials, water, the soil, air, foodstuff, medicinal and technical raw materials, utility waste and other objects of control for which regulations and rules on ensuring radiation safety are established;
density of pollution of soils radionuclides - the size characterizing activity of the radioactive materials having per acre the surfaces of the soil;
radiation situation - state of environment in the territory of radioactive pollution in the certain time which is characterized by indicators of capacity of dose of gamma radiation, density of pollution of soils the radionuclides and other indicators received when carrying out radiation monitoring and control of radioactive pollution;
radiation monitoring - system of long regular observations, assessment and the forecast of radiation situation;
radioactive pollution - presence of radioactive materials on surface and (or) in objects of control of radioactive pollution, in human body or in other place in the quantity exceeding the levels established by regulations and rules on ensuring radiation safety;
average annual effective dose of radiation of the population - the amount of the effective dose of external radiation received for calendar year, and expected the effective dose of internal radiation caused by receipt in organism of radionuclides for the same year, calculated as average dose for all population living in the specific territory;
effective dose of radiation - the size of impact of ionizing radiation used as measure of risk of emergence of the remote effects of radiation of human body and its separate bodies taking into account their radio sensitivity.
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