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ORDER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

of March 16, 2012 No. 183

About approval of National strategy of creation and implementation of system of integrated management of frontier of the Kyrgyz Republic for the period till 2022 and the Action plan on realization of National strategy of creation and implementation of system of integrated management of frontier of the Kyrgyz Republic for the period till 2022"

For the purpose of implementation of requirements of article 88 of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic decides:

1. Approve enclosed:

- The national strategy of creation and implementation of system of integrated management of frontier of the Kyrgyz Republic for the period till 2022;

- The action plan on realization of National strategy of creation and implementation of system of integrated management of frontier of the Kyrgyz Republic for the period till 2022.

2. To impose control of execution of this Resolution on department of defense, law and order and emergency situations of Government office of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Prime Minister

O. Babanov

Approved by the Order of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic of March 16, 2012 No. 183

The national strategy of creation and implementation of system of integrated management of frontier of the Kyrgyz Republic for the period till 2022

Introduction

The national strategy of creation and implementation of system of integrated management of frontier of the Kyrgyz Republic for the period till 2022 (further - the Strategy of KUGG) is organic part of the Concept of homeland security of the Kyrgyz Republic approved by the Presidential decree of the Kyrgyz Republic of February 18, 2009 No. 115, and determines bases of ensuring boundary safety of the state, creates rules of interaction between the ministries, the state committees and administrative departments, determines the rights and obligations of participants of ensuring boundary safety by establishment of the interstate relations in the field of cooperation on integrated management of frontier.

The Kyrgyz Republic on the basis of the principles of democratic development observes and supports the universal (humane) rights, regulations and values, international agreements and conventions, undertakes and declares responsibility for the present and the future of citizens of the country, and also bears responsibility for safety of citizens of other states during their stay in the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Production and consumption of drugs grows in the world of general globalization, along with its positive manifestations, acts of terrorism become the ordinary phenomenon, world economic and financial crisis, adverse climatic changes, the accruing processes of illegal migration and other factors become sources of threats of stability of development of each state which, in turn, become more and more organized and transnational.

Counteraction to challenges and threats will be efficient and effective when the state bodies responsible for ensuring national security, in the presence of political will of the country leaders and respect for the principle of departmental responsibility, on the basis of general coordination of actions, on single plan and the plan are able to make jointly and in a complex the efforts for the solution of the flowing and again arising tasks.

It is important to state to estimate correctly the challenges and threats exerting impact on democratic development, safety of the state and region.

The special role in system of preserving territorial integrity and independence of the country and, at the same time, protection of the rights and interests of the population belongs to ensuring boundary safety.

Active and system participation of the state in continuous improvement of this sphere provides the leading line item when upholding national interests in border space, promotes creation of condition of security of frontier and border territory of the state, creates conditions for growth of quality of life of the population and effective functioning of state bodies.

From the moment of independence acquisition, the Kyrgyz Republic had no the reasonable basic strategic documents determining the directions of development of forces responsible for ensuring boundary safety.

Strategy of KUGG is developed for the purpose of cardinal reorganization of all system of ensuring boundary safety in the changed external and internal conditions of activity of the state and Central Asian region, it is basis for planning and coordination of specific actions of reorganization and development of system of boundary safety of the state and is used in case of development (refining) of concepts and development strategies of the relevant ministries and departments. The executive document of Strategy is the Action plan on realization of National strategy of creation and implementation of system of integrated management of frontier of the Kyrgyz Republic for the period till 2022 (further - the Action plan KUGG).

1. Analysis of situation

The strategy of KUGG is the main document determining the directions of development of the bodies responsible for ensuring boundary safety, training, development of boundary infrastructure, material equipping, and also creation of measures for functioning of all system of integrated management of frontier.

These and future states in many respects depends not only on content of its internal development, but also on nature of contact with the outside world, to provide to capability the interests including through boundary safety.

The Kyrgyz Republic from the first days of acquisition of independence established the international, political and boundary relations with neighbors, directing the policy to peaceful legal resolution of territorial problems, stimulation of the processes broadening the sphere of mutually beneficial cooperation.

At the same time, now on frontier and in directly adjacent boundary space of the Kyrgyz Republic the difficult system of relations with the adjacent states was created.

The most important national interests of the Kyrgyz Republic in the sphere of boundary safety are:

- ensuring sovereignty and territorial integrity of the state, peacekeeping and tranquility in boundary space and good-neighbourhood with neighboring states;

- observance by the established legislation of procedure and rules of implementation of all types of activity;

- elimination of economic, political, demographic, ecological and information interventions;

- neutralization of military threat through frontier.

Proceeding from the major national interests, also the main threats of boundary safety of Kyrgyzstan are determined:

- incompleteness of international legal registration of frontier;

- activities of the international narcocrime in the Central Asian region;

- expansion of scales of the international terrorism and religious extremism;

- aggravation of hydro-electric problems in the region;

- decrease in educational and cultural potential of the population;

- intense demographic situation;

- insufficient control of internal and external migration;

- vulnerability of system of power supply of the country;

- organized crime;

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