of December 13, 2011 No. 273-IVQ
About protection and rational use of genetic inventories of cultural plants
This Law according to Items 11 and 20 of part I of article 94 of the Constitution of the Azerbaijan Republic determines the legal basis of protection and rational use of genetic inventories of cultural plants for protection of welfare and historical heritage, including their wild ancestors, taking into account activities for production of food of agricultural activities, scientific research, selection and educational activities, and also interests present and future generations.
1.1. The basic concepts used in this Law have the following values:
1.1.1. cultural plants - the types, forms and plant varieties cultivated by the person for product receipt of food, raw materials for the industry, forages in the decorative purposes;
1.1.2. genetic inventories of cultural plants - any genetic material of plant origin which is of the actual or potential value for production of foodstuff, agricultural, medical and other types of activity;
1.1.3. genetic material - any material of plant origin containing functional units of heredity, including the reproductive and vegetative made multiple copies material;
1.1.4. reserve sample of genetic resources - the whole plants, and also their parts (seeds, tubers, shanks, bulbs, rhizomes, etc.), fabrics of their bodies, cages from which it is possible to receive the whole organisms or organisms relating to one type or intraspecific taxon of one rank, kept in live condition;
1.1.5. protection of genetic resources of cultural plants - collection, safe storage, studying and use of genetic resources of cultural plants;
1.1.6. генбанк - specially equipped and equipped place (the room, the room, the camera) intended for storage of samples of genetic resources of cultural plants in the corresponding conditions;
1.1.7. collection of genetic resources of cultural plants the - the collected, systematized and documentary components of vegetable variety kept by physical persons and legal entities in controlled conditions out of natural places of their dwelling (natural areas of wild types, and grade from places of acquisition of characteristics and adaptive capabilities);
1.1.8. National collections of genetic resources of cultural plants - the collections of genetic resources of cultural plants of different function which are in property of the state and under its protection;
1.1.9. The national catalog of genetic resources of cultural plants - the unified databases of samples of the genetic resources kept in national collections of genetic resources of cultural plants;
1.1.10. wild relatives of cultural plants are evolutionary genetically the wild types and forms, close to cultural plants, entering one sort with cultural plants potentially suitable for introduction in culture or uses in the course of receipt of new grades;
1.1.11. local grades - the grades of scientific and national selection mainly used in traditional agrosystems, which left agricultural production, but representing certain scientific, social and economic, cultural and historical and other value;
1.1.12. biological diversity - variability of live organisms from all sources, including land, marine and other water ecosystems and ecological complexes which part they are, variety within type, between types and variety of ecosystems;
1.1.13. protection in natural environment - protection and management of the grades and other samples which are grown up in natural areas of variety of wild plants in the environment of acquisition of characteristics and adaptive capabilities (ин to sieve);
1.1.14. gene pool - variety of the vegetable genetic resources kept and managed in natural environment;
1.1.15. National gene pool of cultural plants - grades and forms of domestic national and scientific selection, and also wild types of plants, close to them, growing in places of their natural dwelling in the territory of the state;
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