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of January 10, 2012 No. 254-IV

About political parties

(as amended on 03-06-2023)

This Law governs the public relations arising in connection with realization by citizens according to the Constitution of Turkmenistan of the right to creation of political parties and features of creation, activities, reorganization and termination of activities of political parties.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Concept of political party

The political party is the public association created on voluntary basis for the purpose of participation of citizens of Turkmenistan in political life of society by means of forming and free expression of their political will, participation in elections and referenda and also for the purpose of representation of interests of citizens in public authorities and local self-government.

Article 2. The right of citizens of Turkmenistan to consolidation in political parties

1. Citizens of Turkmenistan are granted the equal rights and identical opportunities for creation of political parties and free participation in their activities are created. Citizens of Turkmenistan on a voluntary basis on the political convictions have the right to create political parties, to enter or abstain in accordance with the established procedure freely from the introduction in them, to take part in activities of political parties and to leave freely membership.

2. Membership of citizens in political parties or lack of membership in them do not lead to restriction of their rights and freedoms. Provision or refusal in provision is forbidden to citizens of privileges and privileges in connection with belonging to political parties or absence that.

Article 3. Structure of political parties, their purposes and task

1. The political party shall conform to the following requirements:

1) the organizations shall be created in welayats and the cities with the rights of the welayat and the state value;

2) the number of members shall constitute at least one thousand people;

3) the leading and other bodies, the organizations and structural divisions shall be only in the territory of Turkmenistan.

2. The organizations and structural divisions of political parties are created according to their charters.

3. The organizations of political parties and their structural divisions are included into structure of political parties.

4. The purposes and tasks of political parties are stated in their charters and programs.

5. Main objectives of political parties are:

1) forming of public opinion;

2) enhancement of political consciousness of citizens and their political education;

3) reflection of opinions of citizens on various questions of public life, finishing it to the public, public authorities and local self-government;

4) participation in elections and referenda (further - elections), promotion of candidates for participation in election of the president of Turkmenistan, deputies of Majlis, members Hulk of maslakhata and members Gengesha according to the legislation of Turkmenistan.

6. Political parties take part in work of public authorities and local self-government through the elected representatives according to the procedure, established by the legislation of Turkmenistan.

Article 4. Legal basis of activities of political parties

In Turkmenistan the legal basis of activities of political parties is constituted by the Constitution of Turkmenistan, this Law and other regulatory legal acts of Turkmenistan regulating activities of political parties. Political parties perform the activities according to the charters and programs.

Article 5. Name of political parties

1. The name of political parties shall contain words "political party" or "batch". In names of political parties the word "Turkmenistan" and phrases formed on its basis can be used.

2. Use in names of political parties of names of public authorities, local self-government, names and surnames of citizens is not allowed.


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