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The document ceased to be valid since November 5, 2017 according to Item 2 of the Order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of October 19, 2017 No. 650

ORDER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

of January 18, 2012 No. 103

About approval of the Basic rules of flights in airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan

(as amended on 27-02-2015)

According to the subitem 5) of article 13 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 15, 2010 "About use of airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan and activities of aircraft" the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan DECIDES:

1. Approve the enclosed Basic rules of flights in airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

2. Recognize invalid:

2) change Item 11 which are brought in some decisions of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan by the approved order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of April 28, 2006 No. 340 "About modification of some decisions of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan" (SAPP of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2006, No. 15, the Art. 148);

3) the order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of February 2, 2010 No. 61 "About modification and amendments in some decisions of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan concerning aircraft" (SAPP of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2010, No. 9, the Art. 109).

3. This resolution becomes effective after ten calendar days after the first official publication.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan

K. Masimov

Approved by the Order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of January 18, 2012 No. 103

The basic rules of flights in airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan

1. General provisions

1. The basic rules of flights in airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan (dalee-Pravila) are developed according to the subitem 5) of article 13 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 15, 2010 "About use of airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan and activities of aircraft" (further - the Law) taking into account requirements of aviation standards of International Civil Aviation Organizations.

2. These rules are the regulatory legal act in the field of activities of aircraft of the Republic of Kazakhstan regulating the basic rules, the organization, providing and accomplishment of flights, air traffic maintenance (further - Department of Internal Affairs) and air traffic control (further - the Department of Internal Affairs) in airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

3. Rules extend to the air vehicles (further - AF) the state, civil and experimental aviation (irrespective of patterns of ownership) having the state and registration identification signs of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the Kazakhstan operators whose air vehicles are registered in foreign states, and also on the foreign air vehicles which are carrying out flights in airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

If requirements of the laws and the rule of flights of foreign state in which airspace there is flight differ from requirements of these rules of flights, then requirements of the laws and rules of this state are applied.

4. The operator (owner) of the air vehicle provides the organization, planning and accomplishment of flights according to Rules of flights.

Bodies of Department of Internal Affairs and the Department of Internal Affairs, the airports, aero clubs in case of the receipt of information on the air vehicle which is in distress or injured and also any other information on the people who are in danger shall take all feasible measures on rendering necessary assistance according to the procedure, determined by these rules and without delay to inform search and rescue teams, rescue services of state bodies, operators of air vehicles according to the plan of carrying out search and rescue transactions, and also to notify authorized bodies in spheres of civil and state aviation for the organization of conducting investigation of aviation incident or incident within their competence.

Under the organization and accomplishment of the flights connected with search and rescuing of people or in cases of natural disasters, and other emergency situations, heads of civil aviation organizations provide acceptance of all feasible measures on rendering necessary assistance according to the procedure, determined by these rules, inform bodies of air traffic maintenance, in responsibility zone which flights on search and rescuing of people, with the notification of authorized bodies of the state and civil aviation of the Republic of Kazakhstan will be carried out.

5. In these rules the following terms and determinations are used:

1) absolute altitude - distance down from mean level of the sea to the level of point or object accepted for point;

2) the emergency notification - the type of air traffic maintenance provided for the purpose of the notification of the relevant services and organizations on the air vehicles needing the help of search and rescue services and rendering necessary assistance to these services and organizations;

3) aviation engineering - complex of aviation technical means (air vehicles, their aircraft equipment and aggregates, engines, aircraft armament of air vehicles of the state aircraft, aviation survival equipment, integration simulators (flight simulators), components, technical means of air traffic control, navigation of landing and communication, and also the means of land ensuring common and special application intended for flight execution, the organization of air traffic control and land flight servicing;

4) aviation meteorological station civil (further - AMSG) - the station, service of body of meteorological flight servicing intended for carrying out observations and creation of the meteorological reports which are subject to use in the international air navigation;

5) ATIS (ATIS) information - regular broadcasting transfer, (in English - Automatic/Terminal Information Service (further - ATIS) intended for operational providing crews of air vehicles in the terminal area by meteorological and flight data;

6) aerostat - the lighter-than-air aircraft (environment) which lifting force is created at the expense of gas in its cover which density is less, than air density; aerostats are subdivided on:

managed (airship);

uncontrollable (balloons of free flight) with cover in the form of sphere (stratosphere balloons, radiosondes, spheres pilots, spheres jumpers, rescue spheres);

fastened (kite);

7) airline hub - close located airfields, the organization and accomplishment of flights in which requires special approval and coordinating of controls air traffic (air traffic maintenance);

8) minimum of type of aerial works - minimum admissible values of visibility, height of the lower bound of clouds and wind speed in case of which accomplishment of type of aerial works is allowed;

9) airborne time, flight time of civil air vehicles:

for airplanes - general time from the moment of airplane start of motion for the purpose of take-off until its stop upon termination of flight;

for helicopters - general time from the moment of the beginning of rotation of blades of rotors of the helicopter, until full stop of the helicopter upon termination of flight and the termination of rotation of rotors;

10) standard departure route on devices (abbreviation in English of SID) the established departure route according to the instrument flight rules, from airfield or certain landing strip of airfield to exit point from the terminal area;

11) standard route of arrival on devices (abbreviation in English of STAR) the established arrival route according to the instrument flight rules from point of entry to the terminal area, to point in which flight on the published instrument approach chart begins;

12) the distress call (the message on critical condition in flight) - the international code signal of SOS - cable (abbreviation in SOS English), MEYDEY-radiotelefonny (the reduced abbreviation in English of MAYDAY), meaning "I am in distress", transferred in cases when the air vehicle and the passengers who are on it and crew are threatened by direct danger and the immediate help is required;

13) ultralight aircrafts - air vehicles with take-off mass less than 750 kilograms (further - kg.), and also aerostats, power gliders, hang gliders, paraplanes and other flight vehicles of this category;

14) the region of aerial works - the area or zone within which flights on accomplishment of aerial works are carried out;

15) fly-by-wire - the flight which is carried out in conditions when the attitude of the air vehicle and its location is determined by crew fully or partially by flight navigation instruments;

16) atmospheric pressure in airfield - value of atmospheric pressure in millimeters of mercury (further - mm Hg), in millibars (further - Mbar) or hectopascals (further - hPa) at the level of working threshold of landing strip;

17) marine aerodrome - the certain site of surface of the water (including buildings, constructions and the equipment) intended fully or partially for arrival, departure and movement on this surface of air vehicles:

base airfield (depot aerodrome) - airfield of permanent placement of air vehicles and having necessary constructions for these purposes;

airfield (marine aerodrome) mountain - airfield (marine aerodrome) located on the area with the crossed relief and relative excesses of 500 meters (further - m) and more in radius of 25 kilometers (further - km.) from checkpoint of airfield (marine aerodrome) or located at the height of 1000 m and more above sea level;

categorized aerodrome - the airfield equipped with the communicating device and radio lighting means providing landing approach and landing on minima of categories I, II, III A, IIIB and III C;

arrival airfield - the airfield specified in flight plan or in task for flight (air bill) as airfield of the planned landing, arrival airfields are subdivided into airfields of intermediate and final landing;

18) air picture - simultaneous relative positioning in the vertical and horizontal planes of air vehicles and other objects in certain region of airspace (on airways and routes out of them, in the terminal area, around aerial works);

19) balloon - the uncontrollable aerostat with spherical shell which is in free flight or in the anchored condition;

20) the aircraft commander - the pilot (pilot) who is the senior in crew and responsible for accomplishment and safety of aircraft flight;

21) at least airfield - minimum admissible values of visibility (visibility on landing strip), heights of the lower bound of clouds (vertical visibility) with which in this airfield it is allowed to carry out take-off or landing of the air vehicle of this type;

22) minimum of the air vehicle - minimum admissible values of visibility on landing strip (visibility) and heights of the lower bound of clouds (vertical visibility) with which it is allowed to make safely take off and landing on the air vehicle of this type;

23) at least the aircraft commander (copilot) - minimum admissible values, visibilities on landing strip (visibility) and decision making heights (height of the lower bound of clouds or vertical visibility) with which the aircraft commander (to the pilot, copilot) is allowed to carry out take-off, landing or VFR flight on the air vehicle of this type;

24) aircraft icing - adjournment of ice on different parts of the air vehicle;

25) body of air traffic maintenance (further - Department of Internal Affairs) or control air traffic of the state aircraft (further - the Department of Internal Affairs) - body of dispatching air traffic maintenance, flight information center or collection point for the reports concerning air traffic maintenance.

The body performing complex planning process, coordinating, flight servicings, servicing of movement of air vehicles on the earth and in air and also control of observance of the set flight regime and procedure for use of airspace;

26) flight time of the air vehicle - time of movement of the air vehicle on earth's (water) surface and in airspace from start of take-off run in case of take-off (separation from terrestrial or surface of the water in case of vertical take-off) before the end of run (release of landing strip without stopping) or contacts of earth's (water) surface in case of vertical landing;

27) time of flight operation of the air vehicle - general time of flight operation of the air vehicle from the moment of the beginning of engine start-up (engines) and before their switching off for the purpose of flight execution;

28) air taxiing - movement of the helicopter on the established taxing marking over surface of airfield (landing site), is normal in the conditions of action of effect of the earth ("air cushion");

29) the terminal area - airspace over airfield and the area adjoining to it, in the established borders, in the horizontal and vertical planes;

30) the service area of air traffic - airspace of the established sizes in which borders air traffic maintenance on airways and routes out of them, is performed by the dispatcher of air traffic maintenance;

31) flight and information air traffic maintenance - servicing which purpose is provision of consultations and information with use of the available communicating device for ensuring safe accomplishment of flights;

32) flight run of the air vehicle - flight parameters of the air vehicle at its different stages;

33) broadcasting transfers by air vehicles of information on movement (the TIBA reduced abbreviation in English) - performed by pilots for transfer of reports and the relevant additional information of advisory nature for data of pilots of other air vehicles which are nearby;

34) airfields of joint basing - airfields of civil and state aviation on which the air vehicles relating to the state, civil and experimental aviation are based;

35) airborne recorder - any recording instrument established onboard the air vehicle for the purpose of preserving information on flight parameters and operation of the air vehicle;

36) bumpiness - chaotic movement of the air vehicle in case of disturbed atmosphere flights:

bumpiness moderate - moderate position change and (or) the absolute altitude of the air vehicle, but still providing positive control where indications of the accelerometer constitute 0,5 - 1, 0g in centroid of the air vehicle, and in case of take off and landing, moderate bumpiness in case of + 0,3, 0, 4g;

extreme turbulence - sharp position change and (or), with characteristic changes of airspeed, with the indications of the accelerometer exceeding 1.0g in centroid of the air vehicle, and in case of take off and landing, with incremental load factors is more than absolute altitude of the air vehicle where during the short periods the air vehicle does not react to management + 0, 4g;

37) the aircraft equipment - objects, except for onboard supplies and removable spare parts, held for use onboard the air vehicle in flight time, including means of first aid and the emergency equipment;

38) the onboard flight and navigation equipment - set of measuring, computing, managing systems and devices, and also the systems of display of information onboard the air vehicle intended for ensuring the manual, automated, semi-automatic and automatic aerial navigation from take-off before landing and issue of information to crew;

39) briefing (in English - briefing, from brief-short) - preflight information advisory service of flight crews of air vehicles;

40) height of the lower bound of clouds - distance down between land surface (water) and the lower bound of the lowest cloud cover in case the lower bound of clouds cannot be determined, values of vertical visibility are used;

41) controlled airspace - airspace of certain sizes within which dispatching servicing is provided;

42) the area mountain - the area with the crossed relief and relative excesses of 500 m and more in radius of 25 km., and also the area with exceeding above sea level 2000 m and more;

43) uncontrollable airspace - airspace within which according to classification of airspace only flight and information air traffic maintenance is provided or types of air traffic maintenance are absent;

44) echeloning longitudinal - dispersion of air vehicles at one height on the established time distances or to distance along track line.

45) echeloning side - dispersion of air vehicles at one height on the established distance intervals or to angular displacement between their track lines;

46) the established route - the route out of airway, local airline approved with the authorized bodies interested in departments and the organizations and intended for accomplishment of aerial works;

47) orientation loss - situation in case of which the pilot (pilot) cannot determine the location with the accuracy necessary for continuation of the flying mission;

48) vektoreniye (radar targeting) - ensuring navigation guidance of air vehicles by means of specifying of certain rates on the basis of use of data of watch system;

49) visual flight - the flight which is carried out in conditions when the attitude of the air vehicle and its location is determined by the pilot (pilot) visually by the natural horizon and terrestrial (surface) reference points;

50) hang glider, glider - the air vehicle is heavier than air, not set in motion by the power unit which lifting force is created generally due to aerodynamic reactions on surfaces, remaining motionless in these flight conditions;

51) the airship - the managed aerostat set in motion by the power unit;

52) particular case - the situation resulting from refusal of aviation engineering or hit of the air vehicle in the conditions demanding from crew of accomplishment of non-standard actions for safety control of the air vehicle, passengers and crew;

53) estimated time - timed by crew of exit (arrival) of the air vehicle in the set point (checkpoint, reference point, Item of the obligatory report, rotary points of route, on airfield navaid or on checkpoint of airfield);

54) the located take-off run (further - RDR) - the runway length which is sufficient and suitable for running start of the air vehicle making take-off;

55) local airline - the corridor in the lower airspace limited on height and width and intended for accomplishment of flights of air vehicles;

56) plain terrain - the area with relative excesses of relief to 200 m in radius of 25 km;

57) the equipped landing strip - one of below the listed types of the landing strips intended for the air vehicles which are carrying out instrument landing approach:

the landing strip equipped for calling on inexact system of landing approach with both the visual means and any types not of visual means providing, at least, guidance of the air vehicle in approach direction from straight line;

The runway equipped for precision approach on category I. The runway equipped with the ILS system and/or the MLS system and visual means intended for landing approach with decision making height at least 60 m (the 200th foot) and or in case of visibility at least 800 m or in case of visible range on the runway at least 550 m.

The runway equipped for precision approach on category II. The runway equipped with the ILS system and/or the MLS system and visual means intended for landing approach with decision making height less than 60 m (the 200th foot), but at least 30 m (the 100th foot) and in case of visible range on the runway at least 300 m.

The runway equipped for precision approach on category III. The runway equipped with the ILS system and/or the MLS system operating to and along all surface of the runway and intended:

on category III A - for landing approach and landing with decision making height less than 30 m (the 100th foot) or without altitude limitation of decision making and in case of visible range on the runway at least 175 m.

on category III B - for landing approach and landing with decision making height less than 15 m (the 50th foot) or without altitude limitation of decision making and in case of visible range on the runway less than 175 m, but at least 50 m.

on category III C - for landing approach and landing without altitude limitations of decision making and visible range to the runway;

58) restrictions on wind speed - maximum permissible values longitudinal and side constituting wind speeds, depending on meteorological conditions and condition of landing strip (landing site), allowing to make safely take off and landing on the air vehicle of this type, and also maximum permissible value of wind speed in case of which accomplishment of aerial works of this type is allowed;

59) urgency signal (ЬЬЬ - cable, "PAN PAN" - radiotelephone) the international signal transmitted in cases of possible danger to the air vehicle and the passengers who are on it and crew;

60) wind shear - veering and (or) wind speeds in airspace, including ascending and downdrafts:

wind shear weak - to 2 m/s on 30 meters of height;

wind shear moderate - from 2 m/s to 4 m/s on 30 meters of height;

wind shear strong - from 4 m/s to 6 m/s on 30 meters of height;

wind shear very strong - from 6 m/s and more on 30 meters of height;

61) taxing - movement of the air vehicle on surface of airfield due to own draft, except for take off and landing;

62) technical engineer personnel - the aeronautical personnel having the special preparation and the holding positions connected with servicing, operation, storage and repair of aviation engineering;

63) visibility - the maximum distance from which dark objects (reference points) and light markers (the lit objects) are visible and are identified in the afternoon at night;

visible range on landing strip (in English of Runway Visual Range (further - RVR)) - distance within which the pilot of AF who is on center line of landing strip sees marking signs on the surfaces of landing strip or fires limiting landing strip or designating its center line;

64) the waiting area - the airspace of certain sizes established, as a rule, over radio navigational point of the terminal area (airline hub) for expectation by air vehicles of queue of aerodrome approach and/or landing approach;

65) the member of cabin crew - the person which is not the member of flight crew, belonging to aeronautical personnel who for the benefit of safety and for the purpose of servicing of passengers and (or) carriage of goods performs the official functions onboard the air vehicle charged to it by the operator or the aircraft commander;

66) the mission profile in the waiting area - in advance determined maneuver allowing the air vehicle to remain within certain airspace waiting for the subsequent permission;

67) close meteorological conditions (for civil aviation) - conditions under which the meteorological visibility constitutes 2000 m and less and (or) height of the lower bound of clouds of 200 m and below in case of their total quantity more than two octants (three - four points);

68) close meteorological conditions (for the state aircraft) - conditions under which flights are fully or partially carried out on devices (in case of zero visibility of the earth or the natural horizon) or visually in case of low cloud ceiling and limited visibility;

69) the procedure of expectation (in English - Holding procedure) - the ordered maneuvers allowing to be to the air vehicle in certain airspace in waiting time of further permission;

70) boundary of leaving (return) - the boundary established on track line of the air vehicle remote from alternate aerodrome (departure airfield) on the distance sufficient for flight execution and production of landing on this alternate aerodrome (departure airfield), with remaining balance of fuel is at least this air vehicle established by flight manual;

71) boundary of acceptance (transfer) of servicing (management) of air traffic - the boundary established on route of taxing or on flight path of the air vehicle on which one body of air traffic maintenance (air traffic control) servicing control) this air vehicle it is transferred to another;

72) safe height - minimum admissible flight height guaranteeing against collision of the air vehicle with earth's (water) surface or with obstacles in it;

73) onboard anticollision system (further - BSPS) in English - Airborne Collision Avoidance System (further - ACAS) - the onboard system based on use of signals of the transponder of secondary surveillance radar (further - VORL). Functions irrespective of ground equipment and provides to the pilot (pilot) information on the conflict situation created by the air vehicles equipped with VORL transponders;

74) contact approach - landing approach in case of fly-by-wire when the instrument approach chart in parts or in full is not observed and calling is carried out on visual ground marks. In case of VFR flight observance of instrument approach chart is not required;

75) airworthiness standards of civil air vehicles of the Republic of Kazakhstan - requirements to design, the parameters and flight performances of air vehicles and their components aimed at safety-of-life function affirm the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

76) near collision - inadvertent and unforeseen task on weeds rapprochement of air vehicles among themselves or with material objects on intervals less than a half established by these rules, as a result which there is danger of their collision;

77) landing site - land (water, ice) the site or specially prepared artificial platform suitable for take off and landing of air vehicles;

78) preflight health control - survey of the state of health and efficiency of crew members of the air vehicle before departure;

79) base leg - the final stage of landing approach from point of exit to runway landing heading to landing point;

80) check flight - determination of level of professional readiness of faces of flight personnel in the course of accomplishment by them of task for flight;

81) the landing distance - the distance across passed by the air vehicle:

with speed of landing approach of 200 km/h and more, from height of 15 meters;

with speed of landing approach less than 200 km/h, from height of 9 meters.

82) forced landing - aerodrome landing, landing site or out of them, for the reasons which are not allowing to execute flight according to the plan;

83) the equipped landing strip of airfield of the state aircraft - the runway strip equipped with radio engineering means of ensuring of flights and meeting standards of serviceability of airfields (helidromes), airfield sections of highways, and tactical engineering requirements imposed to airfields of the state aircraft of the Republic of Kazakhstan for ensuring landing of air vehicles of the state aircraft in case of the weather minimums established for the air vehicles which are based on this airfield.

84) the list of the minimum equipment (in English - Minimum Equipment List, (further - MEL) - the document regulating flight operation of the air vehicle with minimum admissible refusals provided by its standard pattern, created by the operator on the basis of the standard minimum list of the equipment taking into account configuration, operating conditions and structure of the equipment of the separate air vehicle or group of air vehicles of this operator and which cannot be expanded in comparison with the list of the minimum equipment standard;

85) the crew member of the state aircraft - the person belonging to aeronautical personnel, appointed for accomplishment of certain obligations onboard the air vehicle during airborne time;

86) the maneuvering area (in English - Manoeuvring area) - part of airfield which is used for take-off, landing and the related movement of the air vehicle;

87) Item of the obligatory report - geographical (geodetic) point (reference point) or radio navigational point on airway, route or corridor about which flight the pilot (pilot) without fail reports to body of air traffic maintenance (air traffic control);

To NOTES (NOTAM) - the notice distributed by means of telecommunication and containing information on enforcement, condition or change of any aeronautical equipment, servicing and rules or information on danger, the timely prevention of which is important for the personnel connected with accomplishment of flights (in English - Notice to airmen (further - NOTAM);

88) Snow NOTAM (SNOWTAM) - the notice of special series on existence or liquidation of the hazardous conditions caused by availability of snow, ice, slush or dead water on the aerodrome movement area which timely knowledge is important for the personnel connected with accomplishment of flights (further - SNOWTAM);

ASHTAM - NOTAM the notice of special series, with information on change of the volcanic activities, on volcanic eruption and (or) cloud of volcanic ash which are important for production of flights of air vehicles;

89) aeronautical fuel reserve - fuel reserve over settlement quantity for flight from airfield (landing site) of departure to arrival airfield (landing site), necessary on case of change of the flight plan caused by the direction on alternate aerodrome (landing site), variation from the approved route, strengthening of speed of headwind and other circumstances;

90) transition height - the relative (absolute) height established in the terminal area for transfer of scale of pressure of barometric altimeter into value of pressure of 760 mm Hg (Mbar/hPa 1013,25) in case of set of the set echelon;

91) transition flight level - the established echelon for transfer of scale of pressure of barometric altimeter from pressure of 760 mm Hg (Mbar/hPa 1013,25) upon pressure of airfield or the minimum pressure specified to sea-level. Transition flight level is the lower safe flight level in airfield (airline hub);

92) transitional layer - airspace between height of transition and transition flight level, flights of air vehicles in level flight condition in transitional is not allowed;

93) special flight on PVP - flight which accomplishment in control zone in case of less favorable meteorological conditions, than the minimum flight conditions on PVP, is authorized body of air traffic maintenance (air traffic control);

94) border of action of permission (in English - Clearance limit) - Item, to which really air traffic control clearance issued to the air vehicle;

95) radar control - use of the radar for the purpose of provision to crews of air vehicles of information and the messages concerning considerable variations from nominal flight path;

96) the SIEVE information (the reduced abbreviation in French of SITA (further-SITA) - the aeronautical, settlement, working flight plan represented to aircraft crew for accomplishment of the flying mission (airborne transportation) on the basis of the arrangement of the operator with the organizations of aeronautical information;

SITA - International society of aviation telecommunication (from the initial name in French - Societe Internationale de Telecommunications Aeronautiques) - the Swiss multinational information organization providing telecommunication and IT services in airline industry;

97) the marked boundary - boundary (point) in airspace in the vertical plane perpendicular to airway (route or corridor of flight) which location is determined by goniometric and range-metering system, over RNT or installation site of separate locator beacon (further - OPRS) or the marker beacon;

98) hilly terrain - the area with the crossed relief and relative excesses from 200 m to 500 m in radius of 25 km.;

99) vertical separation - dispersion of air vehicles on height on the established intervals;

100) the list of the minimum equipment standard (in English - Master Minimum Equipment List, (further - MMEL) - the operational design document regulating rules of flight operation of the air vehicle with separate admissible failures of its equipment. At the same time, the failed equipment is part of its standard pattern and includes the list of components of the air vehicle, in case of temporary nonserviceability (loss) of which in certain operating conditions the departure of the air vehicle without decrease in the level of safety established by regulations of its flight validity is allowed.

The list determines also supplementary procedures and restrictions in the field of flight and technical operation of the air vehicle under the terms of accomplishment of flights with refusals, and to admissible terms of such operation;

101) visibility vertical - the maximum distance from the Earth's surface to the level from which down verticals are visible objects on earth's surface;

102) the reduced minimum of vertical separation (Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum - the reduced abbreviation in English of RVSM) - the vertical separation spacing applied in the range between echelons of 8850 m (FL290) and 12500 m (FL410) for aircraft separation having the admission to flights using RVSM;

103) the located accelerate stop distance (further - RDPV) - the amount of the located take-off run and length of end stopway (safety) if it is provided;

104) checking - the service employee of command and flight, inspection or instructor structure, the examiner having the admission to instructor and (or) examination flights on the air vehicle of this type and included in crew for the purpose of its flight check or training;

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