of January 7, 2012 No. 340-Z
About sanitary and epidemiologic wellbeing of the population
Accepted by the House of Representatives on December 14, 2011
Approved by Council of the Republic on December 20, 2011
(In edition of the Laws of the Republic of Belarus of 05.01.2016 No. 355-Z, 30.06.2016 of No. 387-Z)
This Law is directed to establishment of legal and organizational basis of prevention of adverse effect on human body of factors of the circle of its dwelling for the purpose of ensuring sanitary and epidemiologic wellbeing of the population.
For the purposes of this Law the following main terms and their determinations are applied:
risk analysis - process of assessment by the bodies and organizations exercising the state sanitary inspection, the state bodies and other state organizations exercising departmental control in the field of sanitary and epidemiologic wellbeing of the population, the medical scientific organizations of public information for identification (detection) and risks assessment for the purpose of taking measures to the prevention and minimization of these risks (risk management) and also for the purpose of informing in accordance with the established procedure state bodies, the organizations, physical persons, including individual entrepreneurs about availability of risks;
the hygienic standard rate - the technical regulatory legal act establishing admissible maximum or minimum quantitative and (or) high-quality measure value, the person characterizing this or that factor of the habitat, products from line items of their safety and harmlessness for the person;
state registration of products constituting potential danger for life and health of the population (further - state registration), - system of accounting and the admission to realization and use of products constituting potential danger for life and health of the population, acknowledged conforming to requirements of the legislation in the field of sanitary and epidemiologic wellbeing of the population;
the state sanitary and hygienic examination - establishment of compliance (discrepancy) of the objects which are subject to the state sanitary and hygienic examination, requirements of the legislation in the field of sanitary and epidemiologic wellbeing of the population;
the state sanitary inspection - the activities for the prevention, detection, suppression of violations of the law in the field of the sanitary and epidemiologic wellbeing of the population, sanitary and epidemiologic, hygienic requirements and procedures established by technical regulations of the Customs union, Eurasian Economic Union performed for the purpose of health protection and the habitat of the person;
disinfection, disinsection and deratization actions (further - disinfection actions) - the actions directed to destruction or reducing number of activators and carriers of infectious diseases;
infectious diseases - diseases, including poisonings which emergence and distribution are caused by impact of causative agents of infectious diseases;
source of infectious diseases - the infected human body or animal in whom causative agents of infectious diseases can live, breed, accumulate and cause infection of other person;
mass noninfectious diseases - diseases, including poisonings which emergence and distribution are caused by impact of chemical, physical, social factors of the habitat of the person;
the product circulation - development, production, realization, storage, transportation, use, destruction, import to the territory of the Republic of Belarus, export from the territory of the Republic of Belarus of products;
restrictive actions - the administrative, sanitary and anti-epidemic actions directed to prevention of spread of infectious and (or) mass noninfectious diseases, their localization and liquidation and providing specific mode of economic and other activity, restriction of movement of the population, and also movement of vehicles, goods, freights and animals;
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