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ORDER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of July 11, 1996 No. 395

About condition of domestic trade and measures for strengthening of the state influence on its development

The government of the Republic of Moldova notes that the provision in the consumer market is aggravated, purchasing power of the population remains low, providing with goods is performed unsatisfactorily, the state control of condition and development of trade is weak.

The companies of the industry and trade interact in the organization at the level of sale to the population of products made in the republic insufficiently. The material and technical resources of trade, especially consumer cooperation, are not used fully. Heads of the companies of the industry and trade do not find new forms of sales of goods.

The due attention is not paid to control of quality of the products sold to the population which are especially arriving on import (food, detergents, etc.). Everywhere in trade enterprises and public catering rules of trade are not followed, the culture of servicing of the population is extremely low. More than a half of goods, usually import and not always high-quality, implemented by retailers, are received from different commercial structures and individuals who disappear from tax payment.

Serious concern is caused by trade condition in the city and rural markets of the republic which are not equipped with the necessary equipment where the sanitary and hygienic rules are not respected, rules of servicing of buyers are violated.

The material and technical resources of trade and public catering fell into decay, depreciation of the equipment and weight measuring devices makes 90-100 percent. Privatization of most trade enterprises is not brought to the logical end, data for creation of shareholder registers are not provided to them and certificates on privatization are not granted that constrains improvement of activities of labor collectives.

Bodies of local public authority and state control do not pay due attention to development of trade on places, consumer protection and to other questions of social improvement of the population.

For the purpose of improvement of the situation in the consumer market and strengthenings of the state influence on development of trade in the republic the Government of the Republic of Moldova DECIDES:

1. Primeriyam of municipiums and to district executive committees:

in a month to consider at the meetings situation in the field of trade in the subordinated territories and to take specific measures for elimination of noted shortcomings;

together with Department of trade till August 1, 1996 to complete the work provided by the Order of the Government of the Republic of Moldova N 414 of June 19, 1995. "About measures for increase in role of bodies of local public authority in regulation of trade process" on creation as a part of primeriya of municipiums and district executive committees of managements (departments) of trade and public catering, to completion of these divisions by qualified personnel;

provide constant control behind activities of the business entities occupied in the field of trade behind observance of the range of goods established in the corresponding licenses by them, the maximum use of resources of the goods made by the industry of the republic, and also supply of trade enterprises and public catering with weight measuring devices;

bring due order to work of the markets and to trade in goods on streets of settlements, having prohibited sale of different products, especially food, in insanitary conditions that can be source of emergence of different diseases and epidemics;

together with bodies of statistics, Tax and financial services to provide due consideration of sales of goods and products by business entities irrespective of pattern of ownership.

2. Prohibit in the territory of the Republic of Moldova:

use by business entities and individuals of household measuring means (spring scales) in case of sale to the population of different goods and agricultural products;

sales of goods, not having the complete information in state language about their origin, appointment and quality.

Persons violating these requirements will be made responsible in accordance with the established procedure.

3. To department of trade:

together with other ministries, departments and the organizations to develop the concept of development of domestic trade till 2000 in a month;

in coordination with the interested ministries, departments and bodies of local public authority to develop and provide to the Government of the Republic of Moldova for approval of the rule of trade in the markets of the republic and the rule of sale on commission of goods to 2-month time;

together with the Ministry of Finance to organize training of the workers exercising control of activities of trade enterprises and public catering regarding assimilation of instructions for use by them control cash registers;

in 2-month time to develop and approve single forms and methods of the organization of trade servicing of the population and to recommend them to business entities for application in the activities;

prepare the collection of the existing normative and legal acts regulating trading activity in the territory of the Republic of Moldova and bring it on contractual basis to the attention of trade enterprises and organizations.

4. To department of trade, the Ministry of Agriculture and prodoaolstviya, to the Ministry of Health and Moldkoop to strengthen influence on activities of the jurisdictional enterprises which are engaged in wholesale trade regarding improvement of ensuring domestic market with necessary goods.

5. To the Ministry of Economics and Ministry of Finance:

together with Department of trade, Moldkoop, other departments and the organizations for the purpose of creation of equal conditions to business entities in implementation of the activities by them to specify and approve the extreme size and procedure for introduction of payment for issue of licenses for occupation by separate types of activity and assignments of categories to catering establishments;

study offers of the ministries, departments and other bodies for improvement of financial position of trade enterprises and the industry and to submit within 2-month term to the Government of the Republic of Moldova relevant proposals.

To the ministries, departments and other interested bodies to provide to the Ministry of Economics and the Ministry of Finance of suggestion for improvement of financial position of trade and industrial enterprises in a month.

6. To the Ministry of Economics together with Department of customs control, the Industry ministry, the Ministry of Agriculture and Food, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Health, Department of standards, metrology and technical supervision, Department of trade and Moldkoop in 2-month time to develop the mechanism of the state protection of the domestic consumer market and to provide it to the Government of the Republic of Moldova for approval.

7. To the Ministry of Agriculture and Food together with district executive committees and Moldkoop, other interested ministries and departments:

for the purpose of stable providing rural population with bread to study provision and to provide the approved offers on supply with flour of the baking companies of consumer cooperation through system of Department of bakery products;

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