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The document ceased to be valid since  June 27, 2016 according to article 131 of the Law of the Kyrgyz Republic of  June 7, 2016 No. 78

LAW OF THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

of July 26, 2011 No. 142

Technical regulation "About Fire Safety"

(as amended of the Law of the Kyrgyz Republic of 02.07.2014 No. 109)

Accepted by Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic on June 24, 2011

Section I. General principles of ensuring fire safety

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Purposes and scope of this Technical regulation

1. This Technical regulation is directed to protection of life and health of citizens, property of physical persons and legal entities, the state-owned and municipal property against the fires, determines basic provisions of technical regulation in the field of fire safety and establishes general requirements of fire safety to products, subjects to protection, including to buildings and constructions, production facilities, fire and technical products and products of general purpose.

2. Requirements of this Technical regulation for ensuring fire safety of subjects to protection are obligatory for execution:

during the designing, construction, reshaping, re-planning or reconstruction, capital repairs of construction objects, modernization, maintenance, operation and utilization of subjects to protection;

in case of development, acceptance, application and execution of the special technical regulations containing requirements of fire safety in case of development of technical documentation on subjects to protection.

3. Concerning subjects to protection of special purpose, including military objects, objects of production, conversion, storage radioactive and explosives and materials, subjects to destruction and storage of weapon and blasting agents, excavations, the woods, along with this Technical regulation, the requirements of fire safety established by the relevant legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic shall be observed in addition.

Article 2. Basic concepts

For the purposes of this Technical regulation the basic concepts containing in the Law of the Kyrgyz Republic "About bases of technical regulation in the Kyrgyz Republic" and also the following concepts are applied:

the emergency exit - exit (door, the hatch, window) which conducts on the way of evacuation, directly outside or to the safety area and which is used as additional exit for rescue of people, but is not considered in case of assessment of conformity of necessary quantity and the sizes of evacuation ways and exits to conditions of safe evacuation of people in case of the fire;

the safety area - zone in which people are protected from impact of dangerous factors of the fire or in which dangerous factors of the fire are absent;

explosion - the bystry chemical transformation of the circle which is followed by allocation of energy and formation of the compressed gases;

explosive mix - mix with air of combustible gases, vapors of flammable liquids, combustible dust or fibers with the lower concentration limit of ignition to 65 g/m3 upon their transition to suspension which in case of certain concentration and emergence of source of initiation of explosion is capable to explode;

vzryvopozharoopasnost of subject to protection - the condition of subject to protection characterized by possibility of explosion and development of the fire;

the combustible circle - the circle capable to ignite in case of impact of source of ignition;

ignition source - the means of energy impact initiating emergence of burning;

class of constructive fire risk of buildings, constructions and firefighters the otsekovklassifikatsionny characteristic of buildings, constructions and fire compartments determined by extent of participation of building constructions in development of the fire and formation of dangerous factors of the fire;

class of functional fire risk of buildings, constructions and firefighters the otsekovklassifikatsionny characteristic of buildings, constructions and fire compartments determined by their purpose and features of operation, including features of the engineering procedures of production happening in them;

outside installation - complex of the devices and processing equipment located out of buildings;

necessary time of evacuation - time from the moment of emergence of the fire during which people shall be evacuated to the safety area without damnification of their life and to health as a result of impact of dangerous factors of the fire;

subject to protection - the property of physical persons or legal entities, the state-owned or municipal property (including the territory, buildings, constructions, vehicles, technological installations, the equipment, aggregates, products and other property) for which are established or shall be established requirements of fire safety;

oxidizers - the substances and materials having capability to react with combustible substances, causing their burning, and also to increase its intensity;

dangerous factors of the fire - fire factors which impact can lead to injury, poisoning or death of the person and (or) to material damage;

the seat of fire - the place of initial emergence of the fire;

emergency firefighting equipment - the figurative or portable fire extinguishing means used for fight against the fire in initial stage of its development;

the fire - the uncontrollable burning causing material damage, harm of life and to health of citizens, interests of society and state;

the fire announcer - the technical tool intended for signal transmission about the fire;

the fire annunciator - the technical tool intended for the notification of people about the fire;

fire risk of subject to protection - the condition of subject to protection characterized by possibility and fire developments, and also impact on people and material values of dangerous factors of the fire;

fire risk of substances and materials - danger of emergence of burning or explosion of substances and materials;

fire safety of subject to protection - the condition of subject to protection characterized by possibility of prevention of origin and development of the fire, and also impact on people and material values of dangerous factors of the fire;

fire depot - object of fire protection in which rooms for storage of the fire fighting equipment and placement of its maintenance, service premises for accommodation of staff, the room for acceptance of messages on the fire, the technical and auxiliary rooms necessary for accomplishment of the tasks assigned to fire protection are located;

fire compartment - the part of the building (construction) allocated with fire-proof walls and fire-proof overlappings or coverings with the fire resistance limits providing non-proliferation of the fire for its borders during fire duration;

fire-and-explosion hazard of substances and materials - capability of substances and materials for education combustible (fire-dangerous or explosive) environments, characterized by their physical and chemical properties and (or) behavior in the conditions of the fire;

fire hazardous (explosive) zone - part of the closed or open space within which constantly or periodically combustible substances address and in which they can be in case of the normal mode of engineering procedure or its violation (accident);

fire and technical inspection - the examination conducted for the purpose of identification of violations of requirements of fire safety and taking measures to their elimination;

the monitor of fire automatic equipment - the technical tool intended for signaling of management of automatic fire extinguishing means and (or) smoke removal and (or) notifications, and (or) other devices;

the reception survey meter of fire automatic equipment - the technical tool intended for acceptance of signals from fire announcers, control of integrity of loop of the fire alarm, light indication and the sound alarm system of events, forming of starting impulse of start of the monitor of fire automatic equipment;

limit of fire resistance of design - time from the beginning of fire impact before one of the conditions normalized for limiting this design on fire resistance;

production facilities - objects of industrial and agricultural purpose, including warehouses, objects of engineering and transport infrastructure (rail, road, air and pipeline transport), bonds;

fire-proof barrier - building construction with the normalized limit of fire resistance and class of constructive fire risk, the volume element of the building or other engineering decision intended for prevention of distribution of the fire from one part of the building (construction) in another or between buildings (constructions, green plantings);

fire-proof gap (fire-proof distance) - the normalized distance between buildings and (or) constructions established for prevention of distribution of the fire;

system of transfer of notices on the fire - set jointly the operating technical means intended for transfer on communication channels and acceptance in Item of centralized observation of notices on the fire on the protected object, office and control and diagnostic notices and also (in the presence of reverse channel) for transfer and acceptance of teams of telecontrol;

system of the fire alarm - set of the installations of the fire alarm mounted on one object and controlled from general fire post;

system of prevention of the fire - complex of the organizational actions and technical means excluding possibility of the fire on subject to protection;

the fire protection system - complex of the organizational actions and technical means allocated for protection of people and property against impact of dangerous factors of the fire and (or) restriction of effects of their impact for subject to protection;

system of antismoke protection - complex of organizational actions, space-planning decisions, engineering systems and the technical means allocated for prevention or restriction of danger of smoke of buildings and constructions in case of the fire and also impacts of its dangerous factors on people and material values;

construction - the volume, plane or linear, land, elevated or underground construction system consisting from bearing, and in some cases and the protecting designs and intended for accomplishment of production processes of different type, storage of materials, products, the equipment, for temporary stay of people, movement of people, loads, etc.;

degree of fire resistance of buildings, constructions and fire compartments - the classification characteristic of buildings, constructions and fire compartments determined by limits of fire resistance of the applied building constructions;

technical means of the notification and management of evacuation - set of the technical means (monitors annunciators, fire annunciators) intended for the notification of people about the fire;

the technological circle - the substances and materials addressing in the technological equipment (technological system);

stability of subject to protection in case of the fire - property of subject to protection to keep constructive integrity and (or) functional purpose in case of impact of dangerous factors of the fire and their secondary manifestations;

installation of the fire alarm - set of the technical means intended for detection of the fire, processing, transfer in the set type of the notice on the fire, special information and (or) issues of commands for inclusion of automatic installations of fire extinguishing and smoke removals, the processing and engineering equipment, and also other devices of fire protection;

evacuation - process of organized independent (dependent) movement (movement) of people outside or to the safety area from rooms in which there is possibility of impact on them dangerous factors of the fire;

evacuation way (way of evacuation) - way of movement and (or) movement of people, the leader directly outside or to the safety area, meeting requirements of safe evacuation in case of the fire;

emergency exit - the exit conducting on the way of evacuation, directly outside or to the safety area.

Article 3. The legal basis of technical regulation in the field of fire safety

The legal basis of technical regulation in the field of fire safety are the Constitution, the laws of the Kyrgyz Republic and this Technical regulation according to which the regulatory legal acts of the Kyrgyz Republic regulating questions of ensuring fire safety of subjects to protection are developed and adopted.

Article 4. Ensuring fire safety of subjects to protection

Each subject to protection shall have system of ensuring fire safety.

The system of ensuring fire safety of subject to protection includes system of prevention of the fire, the fire protection system, complex of organizational and technical actions for ensuring fire safety or their combination.

The system of ensuring fire safety of subject to protection without fail shall contain complex of the actions excluding possibility of the fire and sent on prevention of danger of damnification to the third parties as a result of the fire.

Article 5. Conditions of compliance of subject to protection to requirements of fire safety

1. Fire safety of subject to protection is considered secure if the mandatory requirements of fire safety established by this Technical regulation, special technical regulations and other regulatory legal acts of the Kyrgyz Republic on fire safety are in full fulfilled.

2. Fire safety of city and rural settlements and the closed administrative territories is provided within implementation of measures of fire safety by the relevant state bodies of the executive authority and local government bodies.

Fire safety of exterritorial objects, objects of the Ministry of Defence of the Kyrgyz Republic, the Border service of the Kyrgyz Republic, National guard of the Kyrgyz Republic, the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic, the State committee of homeland security of the Kyrgyz Republic, and also forest, mountain, underground developments, mines is provided with own services or, within implementation of measures of fire safety according to the approved plans of interaction, the Public fire service under the Ministry of emergency situations of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Chapter 2. Classification of the fires and dangerous factors of the fire

Article 6. Classification of the fires

The fires are classified by the form combustible material and subdivided into the following classes:

- the fires of solid combustible substances and materials - "And";

- the fires of combustible liquids or the melting solid substances and materials - "In";

- the fires of gases - "With";

- the fires of metals - "D";

- the fires of combustible substances and materials of the electroinstallations which are energized - "E";

- the fires of nuclear materials, radioactive waste and radioactive materials - "F".

Article 7. Dangerous factors of the fire

1. Treat the dangerous factors of the fire influencing people and material values:

- flame and sparks;

- thermal flow;

- the increased ambient temperature;

- the increased concentration of toxic products of burning and thermal decomposition;

- the lowered concentration of oxygen;

- visibility reduction in smoke.

2. Treat the accompanying manifestations of dangerous factors of the fire:

- splinters, parts of the collapsed devices, aggregates, installations and designs;

- the radioactive and toxic materials and materials which got to the environment from the destroyed devices and installations;

- carrying out of high voltage on conducting parts of designs, devices and aggregates;

- dangerous factors of the explosion which happened owing to the fire;

- impact of fire-fighting substances.

Chapter 3. Indicators and classification of pozharovzryvoopasny and fire risk of substances and materials

Article 8. Indicators of pozharovzryvoopasny and fire risk of substances and materials

The list of the indicators necessary for assessment of pozharovzryvoopasny and fire risk of substances and materials depending on their aggregate state, is provided in the table of 1 appendix to this Technical regulation.

Methods of measure definition of pozharovzryvoopasny and fire risk of the substances and materials given in the table of 1 appendix to this Technical regulation are established by the corresponding technical regulations.

Indicators of fire and explosion and fire risk of substances and materials are used for regulation of requirements for their application and calculation of fire risk.

Article 9. Classification of substances and materials by fire risk

1. Classification of substances and materials by fire risk is based on their properties and capability to formation of dangerous factors of the fire or explosion.

On combustibilities of substance and materials (except for construction and textile materials) are subdivided into the following groups:

- nonflammable - the substances and materials not capable to burn in air. Nonflammable substances can be pozharovzryvoopasny (for example, the oxidizers or substances allocating combustible products in case of interaction with water, oxygen of air or with each other);

- slow-burning - the substances and materials, capable to burn in air in case of impact of source of ignition, but not capable to burn independently after its removal;

- combustible (combustible) - the substances and materials capable to ignite spontaneously and also to flare up under the influence of source of ignition and to burn independently after its removal. From combustible liquids allocate groups of flammable and especially dangerous flammable liquids which ignition of vapors happens at the low temperatures determined by regulations by fire safety.

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