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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of July 21, 2011 No. 256-FZ

About safety of objects of fuel and energy complex

(as amended on 11-06-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on July 6, 2011

Approved by Council of the Russian Federation on July 13, 2011

Article 1. Subject of regulation of this Federal Law

This Federal Law establishes the organizational and legal basis in the field of safety of objects of fuel and energy complex in the Russian Federation, except for objects of nuclear power, for the purpose of prevention of acts of illegal intervention, determines powers of federal bodies of the government and public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation in the specified sphere, and also the rights, obligations and responsibility of the physical persons and legal entities owning on the property right or other legitimate right objects of fuel and energy complex.

Article 2. The basic concepts used in this Federal Law

For the purposes of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) the act of illegal intervention - the illegal action (failure to act), including act of terrorism or attempt at its making which is menacing to safe functioning of object of fuel and energy complex, entailed damnification of life and to human health, damage or destruction of property or created threat of approach of such effects;

2) anti-terrorist security of object of fuel and energy complex - the condition of security of the building, structure, construction or other object of fuel and energy complex interfering making of act of terrorism on it;

3) safety of objects of fuel and energy complex condition of security of objects of fuel and energy complex from acts of illegal intervention;

3. 1) the safety area of object of fuel and energy complex - the territory or the water area around the separate object of fuel and energy complex determined by the Government of the Russian Federation in which borders the measures aimed at providing specific mode of protection of such object against acts of illegal intervention are implemented;

4) technical means of protection - the technical means of protection and technical remedies of object of fuel and energy complex intended for prevention of unauthorized penetration on object of fuel and energy complex or identification of unauthorized actions concerning object of fuel and energy complex;

Crucial objects of fuel and energy complex objects of fuel and energy complex, violation or the termination of functioning of which will lead 5) to loss of management of economy of the Russian Federation, the subject of the Russian Federation or administrative and territorial unit, its irreversible negative change (destruction) or essential decrease in health and safety of the population;

6) critical elements of object of fuel and energy complex potentially dangerous elements (sites) of object of fuel and energy complex, making of the act of illegal intervention concerning which will lead to the termination of normal functioning of object of fuel and energy complex, its damage or to accident on object of fuel and energy complex;

7) linear objects of fuel and energy complex - system linearly - the extended objects of fuel and energy complex (power networks, trunk gas pipelines, oil pipelines and oil pipelines) intended for ensuring transfer of electrical energy, gas transportation, oil and oil products;

8) ensuring anti-terrorist security of objects of fuel and energy complex - realization of the system of the legal, economic, organizational and other measures aimed at safety of objects of fuel and energy complex determined by the state;

9) objects of fuel and energy complex (further also objects) - power generation facilities, the oil-extracting, oil-processing, petrochemical, gas, coal, slate and peat industry, and also objects of oil product supply, heat supply and gas supply;

10) the protected objects of fuel and energy complex - the building, structures, constructions, other objects of fuel and energy complex, and also the territories adjoining to them and water areas within the borders established in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation;

11) the material safety data sheet of object of fuel and energy complex - the document containing information on ensuring anti-terrorist security of object of fuel and energy complex and the actions plan on ensuring anti-terrorist security of object;

12) potentially dangerous objects (sites) of fuel and energy complex - objects of fuel and energy complex (territorially allocated zones (sites), structural and technological elements of objects) on which are used, made, processed are stored, operated, transported or flammable and dangerous chemical and biological substances, and also hydraulic engineering and other constructions on which accidents, including as a result of making of the act of illegal intervention, can lead to emergence of emergency situations with dangerous social and economic effects are destroyed radioactive, vzryvo-;

13) subjects of fuel and energy complex - the physical persons and legal entities owning on the property right or other legitimate right objects of fuel and energy complex;

14) requirements of safety of objects of fuel and energy complex and the requirement of anti-terrorist security of objects of fuel and energy complex - rules which are obligatory for accomplishment and which observance ensures safety of objects of fuel and energy complex and anti-terrorist security of objects of fuel and energy complex.

Article 3. Purposes and tasks of safety of objects of fuel and energy complex

1. The purposes of safety of objects of fuel and energy complex are their steady and safe functioning, protection of interests of the personality, society and state in the field of fuel and energy complex from acts of illegal intervention.

2. The main objectives of safety of objects of fuel and energy complex are:

1) normative legal regulation in the field of ensuring anti-terrorist security of objects of fuel and energy complex;

2) determination of threats of making of acts of illegal intervention and prevention of such threats;

3) categorization of objects of fuel and energy complex;

4) development and implementation of requirements of safety of objects of fuel and energy complex;

5) development and implementation of measures for creation of system of physical protection of objects of fuel and energy complex;

6) training of specialists in the field of safety of objects of fuel and energy complex;

7) implementation of federal state control (supervision) of safety of objects of fuel and energy complex to which the category of danger is appropriated;

8) information, material and scientific and technical safety of objects of fuel and energy complex.

Article 4. Principles of safety of objects of fuel and energy complex

The basic principles of safety of objects of fuel and energy complex are:

1) legality;

2) respect for balance of interests of the personality, society and state;

3) the cross liability of the personality, society and state in the field of safety of objects of fuel and energy complex;

4) continuity;

5) integration into the international security systems;

6) interaction of subjects of fuel and energy complex, federal bodies of the government, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation and local government bodies;

7) ensuring anti-terrorist security of objects of fuel and energy complex.

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