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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of July 1, 2011 No. 170-FZ

About technical inspection of vehicles and about modification of separate legal acts of the Russian Federation

(as amended on 02-07-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on June 15, 2011

Approved by Council of the Russian Federation on June 22, 2011

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The basic concepts used in this Federal Law

For the purposes of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) the vehicle owner - person owning the vehicle on the property right or on other legal cause;

2) the diagnostic map - the document in electronic form, and in the cases provided by this Federal Law, also on paper, drawn up by results of carrying out technical inspection of the vehicle (including its parts, objects of its additional equipment), containing data on compliance or discrepancy of the vehicle to mandatory requirements of safety of vehicles and if contains data on compliance to mandatory requirements of safety of vehicles, the confirmatory admission of the vehicle to participation in traffic in the territory of the Russian Federation and according to international treaties of the Russian Federation also beyond its limits;

3) the applicant - the legal entity or the individual entrepreneur applying for obtaining or renewal of the certificate of accreditation or for expansion or reducing area of accreditation;

4) ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 28.07.2012 No. 130-FZ 

5) area of accreditation - activities for carrying out technical inspection of certain category of vehicles and (or) types of urban land electric transportation concerning which the operator of technical inspection has the right to perform technical inspection in Items of technical inspection or with use of portable diagnostic lines;

6) mandatory requirements of safety of vehicles - the requirements to technical condition of vehicles (including their parts, objects of their additional equipment) established by international treaties of the Russian Federation or regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation on compliance to which check of vehicles (including their parts, objects of their additional equipment) is performed, when carrying out technical inspection;

7) the operator of technical inspection - the legal entity or the individual entrepreneur (including the dealer) accredited in accordance with the established procedure on the right of carrying out technical inspection;

8) means of technical diagnosing - the equipment and software by means of which technical diagnosing is performed and which are applied when carrying out technical inspection;

9) effective period of the diagnostic card - the period from the date of design of the diagnostic card in the single automated information system of technical inspection containing data on vehicle compliance to mandatory requirements of safety of vehicles about one day no later than which the vehicle owner shall provide its representation for carrying out the next technical inspection;

10) Item of technical inspection - the technological base of the operator of technical inspection which is to one address;

11) ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 28.07.2012 No. 130-FZ

12) technical inspection of vehicles (further also - technical inspection) - check of technical condition of vehicles (including their parts, objects of their additional equipment) regarding their compliance to mandatory requirements of safety of vehicles for the purpose of the admission of vehicles to participation in traffic in the territory of the Russian Federation and in the cases provided by international treaties of the Russian Federation, also beyond its limits;

13) the technical expert - the person performing technical diagnosing and meeting the established qualification requirements to technical experts;

14) technical diagnosing - the part of technical inspection consisting in the procedure of confirmation of conformity of vehicles (including their parts, objects of their additional equipment) to mandatory requirements of safety of vehicles. The vehicles specified in the subitem 3 of Item 3 of the technical regulation of the Customs union on safety of wheel vehicles are subject to confirmation of conformity to mandatory requirements of safety of vehicles which affected the moment of their release into the stream of commerce (in year of manufacture);

15) ceased to be valid

16) requirements of accreditation - set of requirements to which the applicant and the operator of technical inspection when implementing activities for carrying out technical inspection shall satisfy;

17) the dealer - the legal entity or the individual entrepreneur registered in the territory of the Russian Federation and performing on its own behalf and at own expense according to the agreement signed with the producer and (or) the importer (distributor) of vehicles of separate brands, field service of such vehicles;

18) the diagnostic line - set of means of technical diagnosing and the equipment, including means of photofixing, and also the software necessary for carrying out technical inspection and transfer of the data provided by part 3 of article 12 of this Federal Law;

19) the portable diagnostic line - the diagnostic line providing accomplishment in full of the procedure of technical inspection out of Item of technical inspection;

20) technological base of the operator of technical inspection (further also - technological base) - set of the buildings belonging to the operator of technical inspection and intended for carrying out technical inspection, rooms or constructions and at least one diagnostic line;

21) confirmation of conformity to requirements of accreditation - the confirmation of the insurers by professional association created according to the Federal Law of April 25, 2002 No. 40-FZ "About obligatory civil liability insurance of owners of vehicles" performed within the procedure of accreditation in the field of technical inspection (further - professional association of insurers), compliance of the operator of technical inspection to requirements of accreditation with the frequency established by this Federal Law;

22) handling capacity - the maximum (extreme) quantity of vehicles of certain categories concerning which in certain Item of technical inspection or with use of certain portable diagnostic line technical inspection for unit of time, taking into account area of accreditation, characteristics of technological base of the operator of technical inspection, its operational mode, the number of the working at the same time technical experts can be performed;

23) means of photofixing - the technical means providing photofixing of the vehicle at the time of carrying out technical diagnosing.

Article 2. Scope of this Federal Law

1. This Federal Law establishes procedure and frequency of carrying out technical inspection of the vehicles which are in operation, and also procedure for accreditation of legal entities, individual entrepreneurs (applicants) for the purpose of implementation of activities for carrying out technical inspection.

2. Operation of this Federal Law does not extend to vehicles which have the internal combustion engine in amount no more than 50 cubic centimeters or the electric motor with a maximum power no more than 4 kilowatts and which maximum constructive speed constitutes no more than 50 kilometers per hour, and also trail cars to them.

3. The procedure and frequency of carrying out technical inspection of vehicles of urban land electric transportation, the vehicles registered by military automobile inspections or automobile services of federal executive bodies and federal state bodies in which the Federal Law provides military service of vehicles of the bodies performing investigation and search operations and also tractors, self-propelled road-building and other machines which have the internal combustion engine in amount more than 50 cubic centimeters or the electric motor with a maximum power more than 4 kilowatts, trail cars to them and which are registered or are subject to state registration by the bodies exercising the state supervision of technical condition of self-propelled machines and other types of the equipment, are determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.

4. The procedure for the organization and carrying out technical inspection of buses is established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

Article 3. Legal regulation of the relations in the field of technical inspection

1. The relations in the field of technical inspection are governed by international treaties of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law, other Federal Laws, and also other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation accepted according to them accepted according to them (further - the legislation in the field of technical inspection of vehicles).

2. According to the Federal Law of July 31, 2020 No. 258-FZ "About experimental legal regimes in the field of digital innovations in the Russian Federation" in the field of technical inspection of vehicles can be established the special regulation different from the regulation provided by provisions of this Federal Law. Such special regulation is established by the program of experimental legal regime in the field of digital innovations approved according to the Federal Law of July 31, 2020 No. 258-FZ "About experimental legal regimes in the field of digital innovations in the Russian Federation". The provisions of this program establishing conditions of experimental legal regime in the field of digital innovations can change or exclude action of provisions of this Federal Law if it is directly provided by this Federal Law.

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