of May 3, 2011 No. 18
About especially protected natural territories
Accepted by Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic on March 31, 2011
This Law governs the relations in the field of the organization and management, protection and use, and also control of especially protected natural territories for the purpose of preserving reference and unique natural complexes and objects, noteworthy natural educations, genetic fund of animal and flora, studying of natural processes in the biosphere and control of changes of its condition.
1. The legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic on especially protected natural territories is based on the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, consists of this Law, other regulatory legal acts, and also come in the procedure established by the law into force of international treaties and agreements which participant is the Kyrgyz Republic.
2. The relations connected with protection and use of land, water, forest resources, objects of animal and flora, protection of atmospheric air, protection of historical and cultural monuments are regulated by the special legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic.
3. The main directions of state policy in the field of development and steady functioning of especially protected natural territories are determined by the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic.
For the purposes of this Law the following concepts are used:
the water area - the water space limited to the natural, artificial or imagined (conditional) borders;
biological diversity (biodiversity) - variability of live organisms from all sources, including land, marine and other water ecosystems and ecological components which part they are. This concept includes variety within type, between types and variety of ecosystems;
the biospheric territories - especially protected natural territories which represent the sites of land and water ecological systems or their combinations providing steady balance of biological and landscape diversity, economic development and protection of the corresponding cultural values;
buffer zone - the site of the territory which usually surrounds the main zone or borders on it and is intended for accomplishment of scientific research, the regulated use of agricultural holdings;
wetlands - sites of the area where natural and artificial water areas, including reservoirs, shallow water are located, and also it is excessive the humidified sites of the territory where the water mirror usually is on the Earth's surface, being places of mass dwelling, nesting, reproduction of birds, reptiles and other okolovodny animal species, including rare and being under the threat of disappearance;
the state wildlife areas - especially protected natural territories with the custom or regulated mode of economic activity intended for preserving and reproduction of one or several objects of the state natural and reserved fund;
the state botanical gardens - especially protected natural territories with the status of the nature protection and scientific organization intended for carrying out researches and scientific developments on protection, protection, reproduction and use of flora, including the rare and being under the threat of disappearance types of plants;
the state dendrology parks - especially protected natural territories with the status of the nature protection and scientific organization, with the types of the mode of protection, protection, reproduction and use of tree and shrubby species established on zones;
the state zoological parks - especially protected natural territories with the status of the nature protection and scientific organization intended for cultural and educational, scientific, educational and nature protection activities, preserving gene pool and cultivation in the conditions of the artificial circle of the typical, rare and being under the threat of disappearance animal species;
the state natural parks - especially protected natural territories with the status of nature protection and scientific institution intended for preserving biological and landscape diversity, use in the nature protection, ecological and educational, scientific, tourist and recreational purposes of the unique natural complexes and objects of the state natural and reserved fund having special ecological, scientific, historical and cultural and recreational value;
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