The treaty of friendship and cooperation between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Moldova
of November 19, 2001
The Russian Federation and the Republic of Moldova which further are referred to as with High contracting parties
relying on traditions of friendship, cooperation and kind communication between their people,
being convinced that further development and strengthening of the relations of friendship and strategic partnership is equitable to interests of the people of both states, promotes their wellbeing and prosperity, and also serves case of strengthening of international peace and safety,
confirming the commitment universal to tsennostyammir, freedom, democracy and social justice, respect of the rights and fundamental freedoms of the person,
considering the important political and economic changes which happened for the last period in both states and in Europe in general which create possibility of development of the relations at essentially new level and forming of the mechanisms capable to guarantee in the European scale safety of all states and cooperation increase between them in different areas,
confirming commitment to the purposes and the principles of Articles of organization of the United Nations, to the conventional principles and rules of international law and following obligations assumed according to provisions of the Final act of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Parisian charter for new Europe, the Charter of the European safety and other fundamental documents of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
recognizing the principle of supremacy of international law in the relations between the states,
being committed to process of political settlement of the Dnestr problem in which the Russian Federation acts as soposrednik and the guarantor on the basis of respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova,
the full of determination to develop the bilateral relations in different areas,
agreed as follows:
High contracting parties will develop the relations on the basis of mutual respect, trust and cooperation. They will steadily follow the conventional principles and rules of international law: sovereign equality, nonuse of force or threat of force, inviolability of borders, territorial integrity, political independence, peaceful settlement of disputes, non-interference to internal affairs, respect of the rights and fundamental freedoms of the person, equality and the right of the people to self-determination, cooperation between the states, fair accomplishment of obligations on international law.
High contracting parties will promote development of international cooperation for the purpose of peacekeeping and stability in Europe, considering it as important contribution to case of protection of the universal peace and safety. For this purpose they will promote in every possible way the fastest settlement of the local and regional conflicts on the basis of observance of Articles of organization of the United Nations, the purposes and the principles fixed in documents of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, and also the international acts in the field of protection of the rights and fundamental freedoms of the person.
High contracting parties will and support the international efforts directed to disarmament, arms control, and also to enforcement of trust and safety in military area from now on.
Being deeply interested in providing the world and safety, High contracting parties will regularly hold consultations on important international issues, and also concerning the bilateral relations. Such consultations and exchange of opinions will cover:
- international issues, including the situations causing intensity in different regions of the world, first of all in the East European region for the purpose of assistance to development of international cooperation and strengthening of the international and regional security;
- questions of interaction within Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Council of Europe and other European structures;
- the questions which are subject of the multilateral negotiations including considered in the international organizations and at the international conferences;
- questions of expansion and deepening of bilateral cooperation in political, economic, legal, scientific and technical, ecological, cultural and humanitarian areas.
These consultations will take place at the different levels, including meetings between the leading statesmen of High contracting parties, and also within the visits of official delegations and special representatives.
In case of situation which, according to one of High contracting parties, creates threat to maintenance of international peace and safety or affects safety of one of the Parties, she can address other Party for immediate carrying out consultations with the purpose of consideration of the created situation.
Each of High contracting parties will abstain from any actions causing damage to other High contracting party, its sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity.
The parties condemn separatism in all its manifestations and not support secession movements.
High contracting parties develop equal and mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of policy, economy, trade, defense, power, environment protection, science, the equipment, culture, health care, humanitarian and other spheres.
The parties will sign free standing agreements on these and other questions which are of mutual interest.
High contracting parties will develop and expand the bilateral economic relations on the basis of equality, mutual advantage and confidential partnership.
The parties will take adequate measures for enhancement of the mechanism of their bilateral commercial ties taking into account the existing international practice.
The main directions of interaction of the Parties in the economic sphere will be development and functioning of commodity market, services, the capital and work, carrying out the approved tax, monetary, monetary, trade, customs and tariff policy, development of transport, power and information systems.
High contracting parties, being guided by the national legal system and proceeding from the assumed international obligations, will provide to business entities favorable economic, financial and legal conditions for business and other activity, including mutual encouragement and protection of investments, avoidance of double taxation, creation and functioning of joint businesses, financial and industrial groups, development of mutually advantageous economic programs. The parties will not apply discriminatory measures to each other in the mutual economic relations.
High contracting parties will encourage exchange of information in the field of economy and law-enforcement practice and to promote access to it for legal entities and citizens of both states.
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