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The treaty of friendship and cooperation between the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Republic of Belarus

of January 17, 1996

The Republic of Kazakhstan and the Republic of Belarus, the "Contracting parties" which further are referred to as,

relying on historically developed bonds, friendship and traditions of mutual respect between their people;

the performed determination to build the independent democratic states in the territories;

considering that further development and strengthening of the relations of friendship and cooperation between them is equitable to radical interests of the people of both states and serves cause of peace and safety;

confirming the commitment to the purposes and the principles of Articles of organization of the United Nations, to provisions of the Helsinki Final Act and other documents of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe;

firmly convinced that respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms is the integral condition of peace and security consolidation, democracy and justice;

recognizing need to give new high-quality level to the bilateral relations and to strengthen their contractual basis,

agreed as follows:

Article 1

Contracting parties will develop the relations as the friendly states. In these relations they shall be guided by the principles of mutual respect of independence, the state sovereignty, territorial integrity and inviolability of borders, equality and non-interference to internal affairs of each other, nonuse of force and threat of force, peaceful settlement of disputes, respect of human rights and fundamental freedoms, fair accomplishment of the international obligations and other universally recognized norms of international law.

Article 2

Contracting parties will interact for the purpose of strengthening of the world, increase in stability and safety both in global, and in regional scale. They will make efforts for assistance to peaceful settlement of the conflicts and other situations infringing on interests of Contracting Parties and to hold for this purpose consultations.

Article 3

Each of Contracting Parties will abstain from fate or support of any actions or actions directed against other Contracting Party and not to allow use of its territory for the purpose of preparation and implementation of aggression or other violent acts against other Contracting Party.

Article 4

Each of Contracting Parties guarantees to the citizens and persons without citizenship who are constantly living in its territory irrespective of their nationality, floor, language, religion, political or other convictions, the civil, political, social, economic and cultural laws and freedoms according to the universally international standards in the field of human rights.

Contracting parties confirm that respect of the rights of the citizens carrying themselves to ethnic minorities as parts of the conventional human rights, is essential factor of the world, justice, stability and democracy.

Each of Contracting Parties protects the rights of the citizens living in the territory of other Contracting Party gives them protection and support according to the universally recognized norms of international law.

Article 5

Contracting parties will develop equal and mutually beneficial cooperation in political, economic, military, social, scientific and technical, cultural, humanitarian and ecological areas.

Contracting parties will sign the corresponding agreements on cooperation in these areas.

Article 6

The legal regime of the state-owned property, property of legal entities and citizens of one of the Contracting Party which is in the territory of other Contracting Party will be regulated by the legislation of the Contracting Party of the location of property if other is not provided by the agreement between Contracting Parties.

If one of Contracting Parties declares accessory to it the property which is in the territory of other Contracting Party for which the third parties or the states make claim, then other Contracting Party shall take all necessary measures for protection and preserving such property and will not transfer it to someone without the official consent to it of the first Contracting Party before the final decision of question of its accessory. All questions of the relations of property infringing on interests of Contracting Parties are subject to settlement by free standing agreements.

Article 7

Contracting parties will promote deepening and expansion of the commercial ties and trade and economic relations existing between them on mutually advantageous basis, and also to establishment of direct connections between their subjects of managing and to creation of financial and industrial groups, joint businesses, including with participation of the third countries.

Each of Contracting Parties will abstain from the actions capable to cause to other Contracting Party economic damage.

Specific mechanisms of the economic relations and trade cooperation will be settled by the relevant agreements.

Article 8

Contracting parties will develop cooperation in the field of transport, communication and communications.

Article 9

Each of Contracting Parties will promote implementation of transit transactions of other Contracting Party through the river and air ports, railway and automobile system and pipelines on the conditions provided by free standing agreements.

Article 10

Contracting parties will sign agreements in the field of the monetary relations, payments, movements of securities and cooperation on customs questions.

Article 11

Contracting parties recognize need of cooperation and exchange in the fields of education, information sciences, arts, health cares, sport, tourism and other spheres. Contracting parties will sign free standing agreements on these questions.

Contracting parties will promote expansion of direct contacts between on-stage performance groups, scientists and cultures, specialists at the state and local levels. They study possibility of opening of the cultural centers in each other territories.

Article 12

Contracting parties will develop cooperation in the field of fundamental and applied sciences, the advanced equipment and technology, and also to support direct connections and the joint initiatives of scientists, researchers, research institutions, organizations, Academies of Sciences and science and production associations of both states.

Contracting parties will directly cooperate also within the international organizations in questions of protection of the rights to intellectual and industrial property.

Article 13

Contracting parties will perform cooperation in the field of protection and improvement of the environment.


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