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The agreement between the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan and People's Republic of China on enforcement of trust in military area around border

of April 26, 1996

The Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan constituting the Joint Party, and People's Republic of China, which further are referred to as with the Parties

considering that maintenance and development of the long-term relations of neighborliness and friendship are equitable to radical interests of five states and their people;

being convinced that safety strengthening, preserving tranquility and stability around border between Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, on the one hand, and China, from other party (further referred to as - the region of border), are important contribution to peacekeeping in Asia-Pacific region;

confirming mutual nonuse of force or threats of force, refusal of receipt of unilateral military superiority;

being guided by the Agreement between the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Government of People's Republic of China on the guidelines of mutual reducing armed forces and enforcement of trust in military area around the Soviet-Chinese border of April 24, 1990;

according to the results achieved by the Parties at negotiations on mutual reducing armed forces and enforcement of trust in military area around border;

aiming at enforcement of trust and increase in level of transparency in military area,

agreed as follows:

Article 1

The armed forces of the Parties deployed in the region of border as component of armed forces of the Parties, will not be used for attack on other Party to conduct any military activities menacing to other Party and breaking tranquility and stability around border.

Article 2

1. For the purpose of development of the relations of neighborliness and friendship, preserving around border of situation of long-term stability, strengthening of mutual trust in military area around border of the Party undertake the following measures:

1.1 - communicate about the approved components of armed forces and border troops (boundary parts);

1.2 - do not stage the military exercises directed against other Party;

1.3 - limit scales, geographical limits and the number of army doctrines;

1.4 - notify on large-scale military activities and movements of the troops called by emergency situation;

1.5 - notify on temporary introduction of troops and arms in 100-kilometer geographical zone on both sides from the line of border between Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, on the one hand, and China, from other party (further referred to as - the line of border);

1.6 - mutually invite observers to army doctrines;

1.7 - notify on temporary calling of the fighting river ships of the naval fleet / naval forces in 100-kilometer geographical zone on both sides from the line of East part of the Russian-Chinese border;

1.8 - take measures for prevention of dangerous military activities;

1.9 - request about not clear situations;

1.10 - strengthen friendly contacts between the military personnel of armed forces and border troops (boundary parts) around border and perform other measures of trust approved by the Parties.

2. Application of above-mentioned measures is specifically determined in the relevant articles of this agreement.

Article 3

1. The parties communicate concerning the number of staff and quantity of main types of arms and military equipment of land forces, the Air Force, aircraft of troops of air defense, border troops (boundary parts) deployed in 100-kilometer geographical zone on both sides from the line of border.

The parties exchange above-mentioned information according to the Main categories of exchange of information which are integral part of this agreement (according to appendix).

2. Information will be provided as follows:

2.1 - in 60 days after entry into force of this agreement - information as of date of the introduction of the Agreement in force;

2.2 - till December 15 every year - information as of January first of the next year.

3. Information which the Parties exchange according to provisions of this agreement and receive during the course of performance this agreement, is confidential. Any of the Parties does not disclose, does not publish and does not transfer to the third party this information without the consent to that of other Party. In case of cancellation of this agreement of the Party continue to observe provisions of this Item of this Article.

Article 4

1. The parties do not stage the military exercises directed against other Party.

2. The parties in 100-kilometer geographical zone on both sides from the line of border do not stage army drill with the number of participants more: on East part of the Russian-Chinese border of 40 thousand people; on the Western part of the Russian-Chinese border and on border of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan with China - 4 thousand people or 50 fighting tanks separately or jointly.

3. The parties in 100-kilometer geographical zone on both sides from the line of East part of the Russian-Chinese border stage army drills with the number of participants more than 25 thousand people not more often than once a year.

4. Within 15-kilometer zone on both sides from the line of border of the Party can stage army drills with participation in combat firing no more than one regiment.

5. Within 10-kilometer zone on both sides from the line of border of the Party do not place new military units, except border troops (boundary parts).

Article 5

1. The parties notify on military activities in 100-kilometer geographical zone on both sides from the line of border in the following cases when:

1.1 - army drill with the number of participants more than 25 thousand people is staged;

1.2 - the troops placed outside 100-kilometer geographical zone on both sides from the line of border are temporarily entered into this zone in number of 9 and more than thousands of people or 250 and more fighting tanks;

1.3 - the number of the staff called from inventory in 100-kilometer geographical zone on both sides from the line of border reaches or exceeds 9 thousand people.

2. The parties on voluntary basis notify each other on army doctrines with participation 9 and more than thousands of people or 250 and more fighting tanks which are carried out at any time in 100-kilometer geographical zone on both sides from the line of border and outside this zone.

3. Notifications on the above-named military activities will be given in writing through diplomatic channels at least in 10 days prior to its beginning.

The notification contains data on total number of the involved staff, the number of military forming of level of regiment above, the number of fighting tanks, armored combat vehicles, artillery systems of caliber of 122 mm and above, warplanes, fighting helicopters, launchers of tactical missiles, and also about the purposes, terms, around military activities and command levels.

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