Bishkek declaration of heads of states of the Republic of Kazakhstan, People's Republic of China, Kyrgyz Republic, Russian Federation and Republic of Tajikistan
of August 25, 1999
The Republic of Kazakhstan, People's Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tajikistan which are hereinafter referred to as by the Parties proceeding from general aspiration to expansion and deepening of multilateral cooperation on the basis of the arrangements fixed in the Joint statement of participants of the Almaty meeting of July 3, 1998 held on August 25, 1999 summit in the city of Bishkek, having discussed in the conditions of constructibility and mutual understanding wide range of questions, of common interest, declare as follows:
1. The parties, with satisfaction noting success in cooperation achieved during the period after the Shanghai meeting in 1996 highly appreciate the practical steps of five states corresponding to current trends for the benefit of strengthening of regional security and cooperation. The parties express confidence in perspectives of further cooperation increase in the field of safety and deepening of multilateral interaction in other areas.
2. The parties, proceeding from conviction that creation of mechanisms of specific interaction by five states in the areas which are of mutual interest favors to complete identification of potential of multilateral cooperation for stability, safety developments and prosperity of the region, express intention to hold the meetings of Heads of States and Governments which are not caused by frequency, and also regular contacts and consultations at the different levels, including meetings of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Ministers of Defence, heads of the state departments dealing with issues of economic and cultural cooperation.
In this regard the Parties agreed to exchange offers on terms of holding interdepartmental meetings through diplomatic channels.
3. The parties confirm that the agreements on questions of boundary settlement, trust in military area and mutual reducing armed forces around border signed and ratified by five states, being documents, unique on the format and nature, promote strengthening of neighborliness and friendship, make constructive contribution to safety and stability in the region. The parties will strictly continue to perform these agreements and to render all necessary assistance to activities of Joint control group.
4. The parties note importance of effective counteraction to the international terrorism, illicit trafficking in drugs and psychotropic substances, arms trafficking, illegal migration and other forms of cross-border criminal activities, to manifestations of national separatism and religious extremism and will perform for this purpose measures for development of practical interaction through competent departments of five states, including holding advisory meetings and approval during 1999 - 2000 of the relevant joint activities.
The parties express determination not to allow use of the territories of the states for the organization of the activities causing damage to sovereignty, safety and public order of any of five states.
Confirming commitment to the principle of respect of human rights according to the Charter of the UN, other universal documents in this area, the Parties note that when implementing this principle it is necessary to consider specific features of the sovereign states. Human rights shall not be used as pretext for intervention, in internal affairs of the states.
5. The parties, attaching paramount significance to preservation of peace and stability in the region, support efforts of the countries of Central Asia on creation of zone, free from nuclear weapon, promotion of initiative of the Republic of Kazakhstan about convocation of the Meeting on interaction and measures of trust in Asia, and also welcome offers and specific steps of other interested states, the safety aimed at expansion of multilateral regional dialogue on strengthening and cooperation.
6. The parties support the ideas of the doctrine of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic Askar Akayev "Diplomacy of the Silk way" about revival it at the modern level of international cooperation for the benefit of sustainable economic development, strengthening of the world and stability in the region.
7. The parties express deep concern in connection with the military opposition continuing in Afghanistan which represents serious threat to regional and international peace and safety.
The parties confirm the central role of the UN in international efforts on achievement of peaceful settlement of the Afghan conflict, support peacekeeping activities of the 6+2 group and welcome initiative of Kyrgyzstan about holding in Bishkek peace conference across Afghanistan.
8. The parties, with satisfaction stating that peace process in Tajikistan as a result of implementation of the General agreement signed in June, 1997 about peace-making and national consent in this country acquired irreversible nature, emphasized the value of positive experience of the intertajik settlement for the compromise solution of complex problems in the spirit of good will with active peacekeeping support from the international community.
9. The parties, noting importance of trade and economic cooperation on the basis of the principles of equality and mutual advantage, will and encourage its development between five states on bilateral basis from now on and at the same time activate search of ways of expansion of multilateral interaction in this sphere, first of all in those directions which are designated in the Almaty joint statement of 1998.
For this purpose the governments of the Republic of Kazakhstan, People's Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tajikistan will create joint consulting groups which will prepare offers and recommendations for meetings at the high level.
The parties welcome participation in cooperation of the interested states of the region both at the interstate level, and at the level of the companies of different patterns of ownership, and also in the field of mutual investment attraction.
10. The parties pay attention to the considerable changes which happened in modern international situation and consider necessary to declare that they in, relations between them and in the international cases will and observe the following fundamental principles further:
- adhere to mutual respect of sovereignty and territorial integrity, equality, non-interference to internal affairs of each other, settlement of disagreements and disputes by negotiations and consultations;
- develop multilateral cooperation on the basis of the principles of equality and mutual advantage;
- promote strengthening of role of the UN as main mechanism in maintenance of international peace and safety, in peaceful settlement of modern international and regional problems, to oppose the application which is not authorized by the UN Security Council in the international relations of military force or threat of its application;
- to strictly observe provisions of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, to support within the UN and other multilateral forums of effort, directed to promoting immediate and unconditional accession of all states to the specified agreements.
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