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LAW OF THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

of April 30, 2003 No. 92

About education

(as amended on 14-08-2020)

Accepted by General Court of Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic on April 25, 2003

This Law establishes the principles of state policy in the field of education, implementation of educational process, activities of the educational organizations, education in the Kyrgyz Republic, and also forms the legal base to their realization.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

In this Law the basic concepts are used in the following value:

graduate military course - form of training of research and educational personnel of the top skills in military educational institutions;

the academic freedom - the right to development of training programs within requirements of the state educational standards, independent statement of subject matter, the choice of subject for scientific research and methods of their carrying out, and also the right of students to knowledge acquisition according to the bents;

the accreditation agency - the non-state, non-profit organization registered in the procedure established by the law which main objective of activities is implementation of accreditation of the educational organizations and educational programs;

accreditation - assessment procedure of the quality level of the educational organization in general or its separate educational programs for the purpose of recognition of compliance of the educational organization or the educational program to the requirements and criteria established not below the requirements and criteria determined by the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic;

accreditation institutional - assessment procedure of the quality level of the educational organization in general for the purpose of recognition of its compliance to the requirements and criteria established not below the requirements and criteria determined by the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic;

accreditation program - assessment procedure of the quality level of educational programs for the purpose of recognition of their compliance to the requirements and criteria established not below requirements of the corresponding state educational standards;

the bachelor - the skill level of higher education granting the right for receipt in magistracy and implementation of professional activity;

higher education - training, preparation, retraining of specialists of appropriate level of educational programs and standards;

off-budget educational activities - the educational services provided in the state educational organizations on paid basis;

state policy in the field of education - the guide and the regulating activities of the state in the field of education performed by it for the purpose of effective use of opportunities of education for achievement of quite particular strategic objectives and the solution of tasks of nation-wide or global value. It is implemented by means of the laws, nation-wide programs, governmental decrees, and also by involvement of public organizations and movements, the general public for its support by the means (mass media, public academies, professional associations, the unions, etc.) which are available at their order;

remote educational technologies - educational technologies, implemented, generally using means of information and telecommunication technologies in case of the mediated or not completely mediated interaction of the student and pedagogical worker;

the doctor of philosophy (PhD)/doctor on profile - the skill level of postgraduate professional education (basic doctoral studies) giving to persons which executed the appropriate training program and research work with defense of a thesis, the right for implementation of scientific and other professional activity;

additional education of adults - more complete satisfaction of requests of the personality for the purpose of continuous advanced training of workers, employees, specialists in connection with continuous improvement of educational standards;

additional education of children - the specific part of system of preschool, school and professional education based on the free choice and more complete satisfaction of interests, spiritual needs and needs for professional determination of children, teenagers and youth by means of development of additional programs by them over basic education in time, free from study in general education and other educational organizations;

preschool education - educational system and training which main objective is initial training of the child for life and school, development of its creative capabilities;

qualification - result of process of assessment and recognition of development by competent authority by the identity of certain educational program and (or) practical experience;

acceptance quota - limiting amount of the state educational order, including the educational grants selected for acceptance in the educational organizations initial, average and higher education of citizens from among disabled people of I and II groups, persons equated on privileges and guarantees to participants of war and to disabled veterans, disabled people since the childhood, children with limited opportunities of health, the rural youth and persons of the Kyrgyz nationality which are not citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic and also orphan children and children without parental support;

college - the average professional educational institution realizing the main professional educational programs of secondary basic professional education and the increased level;

competence - in advance set social requirement (regulation) to the educational training of the pupil (trainee) necessary for its effective productive activities in certain sphere;

competence - the integrated capability of the person independently to apply different elements of knowledge and abilities in certain situation (educational, personal and professional);

collective of the state higher educational institution - pedagogical and scientists (faculty) and administrative and management personnel;

licensing - issue to the educational organizations of permission to educational activities which purpose is ensuring the quality of education guaranteed at the level of requirements of state standards;

the master - the skill level of higher education granting the right for receipt in postgraduate study and (or) in basic doctoral studies (PhD / on profile) and implementation of professional activity;

national frame of qualifications - the structured description of levels of qualifications according to set of criteria directed to integration and coordination of national qualification subsystems, ensuring comparability of qualifications and which is basis for system of confirmation of conformity and assignment of qualification;

national system of qualifications - the set of the mechanisms allowing to provide interaction of education and the labor market, including national frame of qualifications, industry/sectoral framework of qualifications, professional and state educational standards and procedures of their recognition, system of estimation of qualifications, the educational organizations and programs;

primary professional education - training of workers of skilled work (workers, employees) in the main directions of socially useful activities based on the basic or the secondary general education;

incomplete school - comprehensive school with the small contingent of students, combined class sets and with specific form of the organization of studies;

education - the continuous, system process of education and training for the purpose of harmonious development of the personality, society and the state which is followed by achievement ascertaining of studying educational levels established by the state. Education is understood as achievement and confirmation by the student of the certain educational level certified by the relevant document;

the educational program - content of formation of specific level, the direction or specialty;

educational process - organized process of education and training in the form of different types of occupations with direct participation of teachers and independent occupations of students, and also examinations, offsettings, other types of certification of students and graduates. Educational process enables the realization of educational programs;

the educational standard - the set of regulations and rules determining educational minimum of contents of the main educational programs, basic quality requirements of training of graduates, maximum permissible academic load of students;

educational strategy (strategy of development of education) determination of the main directions and principles of educational development as complete social institute;

comprehensive school - the educational institution realizing general education training programs of the primary, main general and secondary general education, and also training programs of additional education of students and pupils;

industry/sectoral framework of qualifications - the system and structured on levels description of content of qualifications in determined (determined) industry (sector);

the board of trustees of the state educational organization of the Kyrgyz Republic (further - the board of trustees) - the elected body of comanaging of the state educational organization without the status of the legal entity performing functions on rendering assistance for achievement of the authorized purposes by the state educational organization and also for attraction of additional (off-budget) resources and control of their target use;

postgraduate professional education - the education giving to citizens opportunity of increase in the education level, scientific, pedagogical qualification based on higher education;

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