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of December 13, 1994 No. 317-XIII

About the Constitutional court

(as amended on 22-03-2024)

The parliament adopts this law.

Chapter I General provisions

Article 1. Constitutional court - body of the constitutional jurisdiction

(1) the Constitutional court - the single body of the constitutional jurisdiction in the Republic of Moldova.

(2) the Constitutional court is independent and submits only to the Constitution.

(3) Constitutional court:

a) guarantees rule of the Constitution;

b) provides realization of the principle of separation of the government on legislative, executive and judicial;

c) guarantees responsibility of the state to the citizen and the citizen to the state.

Article 2. Legislation on the Constitutional court

The constitutional court in the activities is guided by the Constitution, this law and the Code of the constitutional jurisdiction.

Article 3. Principles of activities

The constitutional court performs the activities on the basis of the principles:

a) independence;

b) collective nature;

c) legality;

d) publicity.

Article 4. Powers

(1) Constitutional court:

a) exercises on demand control of constitutionality of the laws, regulations and resolutions of Parliament, presidential decrees of the Republic of Moldova, resolutions and orders of the Government, and also international treaties, one of the parties of which is the Republic of Moldova;

b) gives interpretation of the Constitution;

c) expresses according to offers on review of the Constitution;

d) confirms results of holding republican referenda;

e) confirms election results of Parliament and the President of the Republic of Moldova, recognizes valid mandates of deputies and the President of the Republic of Moldova;

f) states the circumstances justifying dissolution of Parliament, discharge from position of the President of the Republic of Moldova, temporary execution of its obligations, impossibility of performance by the President of the Republic of Moldova of the obligations during more than 60 days.

g) resolves exceptional cases of illegality of legal acts;

h) makes decisions on questions which subject is constitutionality of batch.

(2) Competence of the Constitutional court is determined by the Constitution and it cannot be challenged by any body of the public power.

(3) When implementing the constitutional jurisdiction the Constitutional court can make in the European Court of Human Rights inquiries about issue of the advisory proceeding on the matters of principle concerning interpretation or application of the rights and fundamental freedoms provided by the Convention on human rights protection and fundamental freedoms or protocols to it.


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