of December 16, 1997 No. 1402-XIII
About mental health
The parliament adopts this law.
For the purpose of this law the following concepts are used in value:
person suffering from mental disturbances - person suffering from mental disease, person, mentally unbalanced or insufficiently developed mentally, or person with alcoholic or drug addiction, and also person having other frustration which can be classified according to the diagnostic regulations operating in medical practice as mental disturbances;
person suffering from heavy mental disturbances - person suffering from mental disturbances who cannot understand sense and consequences of own behavior and needs urgent mental health services;
the patient - the person suffering from mental disturbances, being under supervision of health service;
multidisciplinary therapeutic team - set of specialists in the field of mental health, such as doctor, including psychiatrist, psychologist, specialized health worker, social worker, ergoterapevt and other paramedical personnel, involved in ensuring mental health, delivery of health care and care of persons suffering from mental disturbances;
paramedical personnel - members of multidisciplinary therapeutic team, excepting the doctor and the specialized health worker;
the main services - services in medical care;
additional services - services in ensuring leaving in the field of mental health and psychiatry: psychological consultation, professional orientation, psychotherapy, other medical and psychosocial procedures;
communitarian services - the system on leaving intended for certain category of the population, which is based on integrative service of mental health which includes out-patient servicing, the crisis centers and day hospitals with conditions for accommodation, the mobile home visiting service, the protected workshops and departments on certain number of places in hospitals of general profile and which provides by means of multidisciplinary therapeutic teams early diagnostics, immediate treatment, continuity of medical care, social support and close connection with other communitarian health and social services and in particular with family doctors;
mental capacity to act - the property of mentality which is expressed in capability to carry out the civil laws or other specific activities;
consent - the consent of person suffering from mental disturbances to the implementation of hospitalization, diagnostics, treatment expressed in the conditions of freedom from any coercion and in case of advance informing in form, available to this person, of benefits, inconveniences and alternatives of the corresponding procedures who shall prove to be true further as required or at the initiative of the specified person;
sensible judgment - component of mental capacity to act which belongs to certain act and from which the capability of the corresponding person follows to estimate content and consequences of this act;
social danger - the property of mental condition or behavior assuming availability of risk of causing to itself or people around of harm or destruction of material values;
the legal representative - person designated according to the current legislation for representation of interests of person suffering from mental disturbances;
the personal representative - person who is not the legal representative who shall represent the interests and needs of person suffering from mental disturbances with the consent of the last;
voluntary hospitalization - hospitalization of the patient according to its statement or from its consent;
hospitalization in involuntary procedure - hospitalization of the patient against its will or without its consent;
dispensary observation - the out-patient accounting of patients with the preventive and medical purpose which is carried out by public medical and sanitary organization;
the psychiatric office - the separate or being part of the communitarian center of mental health service in which medical consultation of the psychiatrist is provided is appointed treatment and dispensary observation is performed;
psychological treatment and consultation - the help given by the psychologist, consisting in diagnostics of psychological variations, appointment, korregirovaniye of treatment and provision of possible problem resolutions;
psychotherapeutic service - the separate or being part of the communitarian center of mental health service providing various methods of individual and group psychotherapy performed by specialists with medical and/or psychological education. The psychotherapy is the systematic psychological impact planned and the intended, having under itself theoretical conceptual base and performed psychotherapist;
logopedic service - the separate or being part of the communitarian center of mental health service providing various methods of elimination of defects of the speech performed by specialists with the higher education in the field of defectology and/or psychopedagogics;
kineziterapevtichesky service - the separate or being part of the communitarian center of mental health service providing various services in case of motive violations rendered by specialists with the higher education in the field of rehabilitation and/or physical therapy;
the crisis center - the separate or being part of the communitarian center of mental health service providing various services when rendering emergency mental health services (in case of depression, sharp stressful conditions, disturbing fobicheskikh violations, attacks of the panic attacks, suicide attempts, etc.);
day hospital - the separate or being part of the communitarian center of mental health service providing in the afternoon various medical services, including in psychotherapy, and also services in rehabilitation;
service of temporary residence - communitarian service in the field of mental health, the separate or being part of the communitarian center of mental health, providing help in the continuous mode, including housing, in difficult for patients and their families the periods (medical leave, vacation, conflict situations, etc.);
the ergoterapevtichesky center - service of social and employment rehabilitation of persons with problems of mental health with their involvement in certain educational and game, entertaining, entertaining actions for prevention of marginalization and for social and professional reintegration of specified persons;
the protected workshop - the professional and production center intended for value creation in certain area (sewing, joiner's works, collage, folk art, etc.) by persons suffering from mental disturbances;
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