Document from CIS Legislation database © 2003-2020 SojuzPravoInform LLC

HOUSING CODE OF THE MOLDAVIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC

of June 3, 1983 No. 2718-X

(as amended on 07-12-2012)

As a result of victory of Great October socialist revolution in our country necessary prerequisites for the solution of one of the major social problems - satisfactions of need of workers for housing were created.

Realizing the Lenin ideas of creation of communistic society and performing rate on increase in material and cultural level of living of the people, the Soviet state consistently realizes the housing development programme developed by the Communist Party.

High rates of development of the state and public housing stock on the basis of the state plans, the measures taken by the state on assistance cooperative and to individual housing construction, create necessary conditions for providing the USSR guaranteed by the Constitution and Constitution of the Moldavian SSR of the right of citizens to the dwelling.

Important national objective is ensuring safety of housing stock, increase in its service life, increase in level of improvement of apartment houses. In the solution of this task active part is taken by public organizations and citizens.

The constitution of the USSR and the Constitution of the Moldavian SSR obliges citizens to make thrifty use of the dwelling provided to them.

The Soviet housing legislation is designed to promote the right of citizens to the dwelling, to effective use and protection of housing stock.

SECTION I GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1. Right of citizens of the Moldavian SSR to the dwelling

According to the Constitution of the USSR and the Constitution of the Moldavian SSR citizens of the Moldavian SSR have the right to housing. This right is provided with development and protection of the state and public housing stock, assistance to cooperative and individual construction, equitable distribution under public control of the living space provided in process of implementation of the program of construction of well-planned dwellings and also low rent and utilities.

Article 2. Tasks of the housing legislation of the Moldavian SSR

Tasks of the housing legislation of the Moldavian SSR are regulation of the housing relations for the purpose of providing the USSR guaranteed by the Constitution and Constitution of the Moldavian SSR of the right of citizens to the dwelling, proper use and safety of housing stock, and also strengthening of legality in the field of the housing relations.

Article 3. Housing legislation of USSR and Moldavian SSR

The housing relations in the Moldavian SSR are governed by Bases of the housing legislation of USSR and federal republics and other acts of the housing legislation of USSR, this Code and other acts of the housing legislation of the Moldavian SSR issued according to them.

The relations connected with construction of apartment houses are regulated by the relevant legislation of USSR and the Moldavian SSR.

Article 4. Housing stock

The apartment houses which are in the territory of the Moldavian SSR, and also premises in other structures form housing stock.

The housing stock does not include the non-residential premises in apartment houses intended for trade, domestic and other needs of nonindustrial nature.

Article 5. Types of housing stock

The housing stock includes:

apartment houses and premises in other structures belonging to the state (the state housing stock);

apartment houses and premises in other structures belonging to kolkhozes and other cooperative organizations, their associations, trade-union and other public organizations (public housing stock);

the apartment houses belonging to housing cooperatives (fund of housing cooperatives);

the apartment houses and apartments which are in personal property of citizens (individual housing stock).

The housing stock joins also apartment houses belonging to state and collective-farm and other state and cooperative associations to the companies and the organizations. According to Bases of the housing legislation of USSR and federal republics the rules established for public housing stock are applied to these houses.

Article 6. State housing stock

The state housing stock is under authority of local councils of People's Deputies (housing stock of local councils) and under the authority of the ministries, the state committees and departments (departmental housing stock).

According to Bases of the housing legislation of USSR and federal republics of the house of departmental housing stock in the cities and settlements of city type are subject to gradual transfer to maintaining local councils of People's Deputies according to the procedure and in the terms determined by Council of Ministers of the USSR and Council of Ministers of the Moldavian SSR.

Article 7. Purpose of the apartment house and premises

Apartment houses and premises intend for permanent residence of citizens, and also for use in accordance with the established procedure as office premises and hostels.

Provision of rooms in apartment houses for needs of industrial nature is forbidden.

Article 8. Exception of housing stock of apartment houses and premises

Periodically, in the terms established by Council of Ministers of the Moldavian SSR inspection of condition of apartment houses of the state and public housing stock is made. Apartment houses and premises, unsuitable for accommodation, will be re-equiped for use in other purposes or such houses communicate according to the decision of executive committee of regional, city (city of republican subordination) Council of People's Deputies.

The procedure for carrying out inspection of technical and sanitary condition of apartment houses and premises and recognition their unsuitable for accommodation and also procedure of their re-equipment for use in other purposes or demolition are determined by Council of Ministers of the Moldavian SSR.

Article 9. Transfer of apartment houses and premises to non-residential

The translation of apartment houses and premises, suitable for accommodation, in houses of the state and public fund in non-residential, as a rule, is not allowed. In exceptional cases transfer of apartment houses and premises to non-residential can be performed according to the decision of the bodies specified in part one of article 8 of this Code. Transfer of apartment houses and premises of departmental and public housing stock to non-residential is made according to offers of the relevant ministries, state committees, departments and central bodies of public organizations.

Transfer of the apartment houses and premises belonging to kolkhozes to non-residential is performed according to the decision of general meeting of members of kolkhoz or meeting of representatives.

The translation of apartment houses of housing cooperatives in non-residential is not allowed.

Transfer of certain premises in non-residential in houses of housing cooperatives for needs of cooperative can be made according to the decision of general meeting of members of housing cooperative with the subsequent approval of this decision by executive committee of regional, city (city of republican subordination) Council of People's Deputies.

Article 10. Housing laws of citizens

Citizens of the Moldavian SSR have the right in accordance with the established procedure to premises in houses of the state or public housing stock or in houses of housing cooperatives.

Premises in houses of the state and public housing stock, and also in houses zhilishchno of building cooperatives are provided to citizens in unlimited use.

Citizens have the right to have in personal property the apartment house (part of the house) according to the legislation of USSR and the Moldavian SSR.

Nobody can be evicted the occupied premises or is limited in right to use by premises differently as on the bases and according to the procedure, provided by the law.

Implementation of housing laws in contradiction with their appointment or with violation of the rights of other citizens, and also the rights of the state and public organizations is not allowed.

Article 11. Housing obligations of citizens

Citizens shall make thrifty use of the house in which they live, to use premises according to its appointment, to follow instructions for use premises and rules of the socialist hostel, to economically spend water, gas, electrical and heat energy.

Apartment houses and premises cannot be used by citizens for the purpose of personal profit, extraction of unearned incomes and in other mercenary purposes, and also to the detriment of interests of society.

Article 12. Competence of USSR in regulation of the housing relations

According to Bases of the housing legislation of USSR and federal republics are under authority USSR in the field of regulation of the housing relations:

1) ensuring unity of legislative regulation of the housing relations;

2) management of housing of allied subordination, common directorship of housing of allied and republican subordination;

3) establishment of the general beginnings of the organization and activities of state bodies housing;

4) approval of plan targets on capital repairs of housing stock on federal republics, the ministries, the state committees and departments of the USSR;

5) carrying out single technical policy in the field of repair of housing stock;

6) establishment of standard rates of expenditure of financial and material resources on operation and repair of housing stock on federal republics to the ministries, the state committees and departments of the USSR;

7) establishment of single procedure for the state accounting of housing stock;

8) establishment of the basic rules of accounting of the citizens needing improvement of housing conditions, provisions of premises and use of them;

9) establishment of the amount of rent and privileges on payment of premises and utilities;

10) establishment of the basic rules of the organization and activities of housing cooperatives;

11) state control of use and safety of housing stock and establishment of procedure for its implementation;

12) the solution of other questions of all-union value in the field of use and ensuring safety of housing stock according to the Constitution of the USSR and Bases of the housing legislation of USSR and federal republics.

Article 13. Competence of the Moldavian SSR in regulation of the housing relations

Are under authority the Moldavian SSR in the field of regulation of the housing relations outside competence of USSR:

1) legislative regulation of the housing relations in the republic;

2) management of housing of allied and republican and republican subordination, establishment of procedure for the organization and activities of state bodies by this economy;

3) approval of plan targets on capital repairs of housing stock in the republic;

4) implementation of the state accounting of housing stock in the territory of the republic;

5) establishment of accounting treatment for the citizens needing improvement of housing conditions, provisions of premises and use of them;

6) establishment of procedure and terms of introduction of rent and payment for utilities;

7) establishment of procedure for the organization and activities of housing cooperatives, rights and obligations of their members;

8) establishment of rules and regulations of technical operation of apartment houses and instructions for use house adjoining territories;

9) implementation of the state control of use and safety of housing stock;

10) the solution of other questions in the field of use and ensuring safety of housing stock if they are not carried to competence of USSR.

Article 14. Powers of local councils of People's Deputies in the field of use and ensuring safety of housing stock

District, city, district in the cities, settlement, village councils of People's Deputies of the Moldavian SSR according to the legislation of USSR and the Moldavian SSR:

1) directs subordinated housing;

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