of February 2, 1996 No. 721-XIII
About quality in construction
The parliament adopts this law.
This law determines legal, technical and economic and organizational basis of activities in the field of construction of physical persons and legal entities, their obligations and responsibility for quality assurance in construction.
Art. 1. - In this law the following basic concepts are used:
the requirement - expression of requirement (need) in the form of set of certain instructions, estimating or descriptive by means of which characteristics (high-quality) entities intended for possibility of its realization and assessment are determined;
the main requirement - the mandatory requirement to which the construction (work) shall answer to conform to requirements of article 6 of this law.
the regulating document - the document (the standard, the technical specification, the practical code, rules) determining rules, the main directions or characteristics of activities or its results;
the quality system - system by means of which are determined and take root into life of the politician and the strategy of quality, directed to the prevention of the low quality level, ensuring realization, certification and guarantee of required quality under reasonable conditions of cost and terms;
quality management - the aspect of the main management function relating to determination and implementation of policy of quality;
quality assurance - set of the planned systematic actions necessary for emergence of the corresponding confidence that products or service answer certain conditions of quality;
certification of products used in construction - the procedure of certification in which the third party in writing confirms that quality characteristics of products are checked and conform to provisions or requirements of regulating documents;
the technical conclusion - the document certifying possibility of use of new products, methods and the equipment in construction for which national regulating documents are not developed;
accreditation of test and analytical laboratories in construction - official recognition of competence of test and analytical laboratories in construction to perform analyses and testing in the specified area;
metrological activities - activities which main objective is ensuring unity and accuracy of the measurements performed by means of system of the technical, scientific and managerial structures functioning according to regulating documents;
technical data sheet of construction - set of the technical documents relating to designing, construction, acceptance, operation and observation of behavior of construction in case of operation which cover all this, necessary for identification and determination of technical (physical) condition of the corresponding construction and its evolution in time;
degree of responsibility of construction - set of the factors and criteria allowing participants of process of construction and complete cycle of service of construction to determine its value depending on its characteristics, the relations with social and economic both the environment and influences per capita;
service life (durability) of construction - the time period after which the construction finally stops accomplishment of the functions ordered it;
the owner - the name of the investor after signing upon termination of works of the acceptance act;
the user - the owner of the agreement on hiring, about the assignment of rights of management or concession concluded with the owner of construction.
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