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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of May 17, 1996 No. 835-XIII

About fundamentals of town planning and arrangement of the territory

(as amended on 09-06-2022)

The parliament adopts this law.

Chapter I General provisions

Art. 1. - In this law the following basic concepts are used:

Arrangement of the territory - complex of actions for coordination of economic, social, cultural and environmental policy according to the main values of society taken in their sets for the purpose of creation of the harmonious natural and man-made habitat favoring to social and cultural life of the population.

Town planning - the most important part of arrangement of the territory which object of activities are the territory of settlements and all territories necessary for ensuring their functioning and development.

Documentation on town planning and arrangement of the territory plans of arrangement of the territory, town-planning plans and regulations accompanying them in which the purposes, means and stages of holding actions for arrangement of the territory and to town planning are determined solutions for the purpose of the balanced development of the territories and settlements, prevention and elimination of functional violations of their activities are proposed.

Plans for town planning and arrangement of the territory - set of the explanatory and illustrative documents concerning certain territory in which the current situation is analyzed and are planned tasks and actions in the field of town planning and arrangement of the territory for certain period.

Provisions of directive nature - the provisions containing in documentation on town planning and arrangement of the territory establishing strategy and the main directions of development of the territory at national, regional or local level.

Provisions of the regulating nature - the provisions containing in documentation on town planning and arrangement of the territory, including in town-planning regulations, determining the procedure for town planning and arrangement of the territory performed directly in practice on each kadastralny site separately. Are obligatory elements of the reasons necessary for issue of town-planning certificates, construction permits, demolition, operation or change of assignment.

The general conclusion - the document in which the Government, the central industry body of public management in the field of town planning and arrangement of the territory or service of architecture and town planning of body of local public authority states results of examination of documentation on town planning and arrangement of the territory that is confirms compliance of the provided decisions to the existing regulations, evaluates technical solutions and compliance to their certain criteria of quality, checks compliance of the provided solutions of the approved documentation concerning this territory confirms in case of need basic consent on aspects of the town-planning actions provided in the coordinated documentation.

Programs in town planning and arrangement of the territory - number of the consecutive actions planned to implementation for the purpose of realization of the tasks on town planning and arrangement of the territory approved by competent authority of public management.

Actions for town planning and arrangement of the territory - set of the actions providing carrying out policy of the central and local authorities of public management in the field of town planning and arrangement of the territory according to the approved documentation on town planning and arrangement of the territory developed on the basis of this policy.

The settlement territory - the settlement territory which borders are established by the master town-planning plan.

The territory outside the settlement - the territory which is out of the settlement, but which is part of its administrative territory.

Functional zone - set of the parcels of land for which by means of the approved documentation on town planning and arrangement of the territory the main and other legal functions are established and some methods of their implementation are regulated.

The central area of the settlement - the part of the territory of the settlement limited to the approved town-planning documentation owing to concentration of utility infrastructures and organizations of cultural and community assignment proceeding from criteria of housing density and architectural and town-planning quality of structures. Borders of the central area are established by bodies of local public authority. For the central area the specific taxes and charges can be established.

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