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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of June 22, 1995 No. 509-XIII

About highways

(as amended on 29-12-2022)

The parliament adopts this law.

This law determines the economic, legal and organizational principles of management, content, development and use of highways.

Article 1. General provisions

(1) This law establishes the economic, legal and organizational principles of administration, content, development and use of highways.

(2) the Purposes of this law are:

a) establishment of the main regulatory base concerning functioning of highways and their use, concerning acquisition and use of the parcels of land adjacent to highways, in respect of management, approval and control of activities in the field of road economy, including concerning respect for interests of users of highways, owners of highways and the state;

b) increase in efficiency of the state administration of activities in the field of road economy;

c) improvement of the investment climate in the field of road economy and the related activities;

d) ensuring integration of national highways into the international transportation network.

(3) In this law the following basic concepts are used:

highways – the land means of communication which are specially equipped for movement of vehicles and pedestrians;

administration of highways – activities which purpose is designing, construction, upgrade, rehabilitation, repair and content of highways, and also management of them;

management of highways – activities, constituent of administration of highways which object is creation and updating of bank of specifications of highways, the inventory of highways; operation and development of system of optimized administration, management of traffic; implementation of inspections and examinations of highways public by means of tool measurements and survey of condition; the concessions, lease and employment connected with highways public; ensuring integrity of property of highways;

the parcel of land adjacent to the highway, – highway zone, its conservation zones and zone of streets.

(4) Constituents of the highway are: bridges, overpasses, moving in two levels, tunnels, protective and strengthening constructions, sidewalks, bicycle tracks, places for stops and parking, the roadside green plantings, route signs and other devices intended for movement safety control. The road complex includes linear and office buildings, production bases, and also any parcels of land relating to it, devices and equipment.

(5) Highways are subject to state registration in the Register of objects of technical infrastructure.

Article 2. Classification of highways

(1) According to the destination highways are subdivided on:

a) public roads – the roads intended for traffic and pedestrians for the purpose of requirements satisfaction in motor transportations of national economy, the population and defense of the country. These roads are public property;

b) privately owned roads – the roads intended for traffic and pedestrians for the purpose of satisfaction of private needs for process economic, forest, oil, mountain, agricultural, energy, industrial and other similar types of activity; access roads to buildings and on-site roads; access roads to building sites. These roads are administered by physical persons or legal entities, or in management of which they are in property.

(2) By the form property highways are subdivided on:

a) the highways which are in public property of the state;

b) the highways which are in public property of administrative and territorial units;

c) private highways.

(3) On functional signs highways public are subdivided on:

1) the European highways – the international highways passing on the territories of the Republic of Moldova according to the European agreement on the international highways (SMA) which the Republic of Moldova joined able to match with highways, high-speed highways and republican highways to which the letter "E" according to Article 4 is appropriated.

2) national highways – the highways which are in public property of the state to which the index according to Article 4, and the providing main international road backgrounds, communication of the capital of the country with the cities residences, municipiums, objects of republican value and communication between those which are subdivided on is appropriated:

a) highways – highways of big handling capacity, high-speed, intended for movement only of vehicles, with two one-sided carriageways separated by lane line, having at least two driving lanes in one direction and strip for emergency stop with crossings in different levels and limited access, entrance and departure of vehicles on which it is permitted only in specially equipped places which are referred to as with road outcomes, equipped with special means for safety control and comfort of users;

b) high-speed highways – highways with two or more driving lanes, access to which is possible only through road outcomes or regulated intersections and stop, and also the parking on the carriageway (carriageways) of which are prohibited;

c) republican highways – the highways providing communication of the capital of the country with the cities residences, municipiums, objects of republican value (industrial centers, resorts, places of mass rest and entertainments, natural reserves, historical and cultural monuments), communication between the cities residences, between municipiums, between the cities residences and municipiums and also communication of the cities residences with the next railway stations, the airports and river ports;

d) regional highways – the highways of regional value providing communication between settlements of two or more areas or communication at least between four settlements of one administrative and territorial unit;

3) highways of local value are subdivided on:

a) highways of district (municipal) value – the highways providing communication between the cities residences and villages (communes) which are part of the area (municipium), and also between villages (communes), including providing entrance to them from national highways. The letter "L" is appropriated to these roads, according to Article 4, and they are in public property of administrative and territorial units of the second level;

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