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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of February 25, 1998 N1536-XIII

About hydrometeorological activities

(as amended on 16-12-2021)

The parliament adopts this law.

This law regulates hydrometeorological activities in the territory of the Republic of Moldova and is directed to creation of conditions for satisfaction of requirement of the population, economy, national defense, and also bodies of the public power in hydrometeorological information.

Chapter I General provisions

Art. 1. - The purpose of this law is:

a) establishment of the legislative requirements imposed to hydrometeorological activities;

b) legal support of coordinate and effective functioning of national hydrometeorological network;

c) approval of national regulations of the legislation of the international precepts of law in the field of hydrometeorological activities;

d) creation of conditions for forming of the market relations in the field of production, collection, processings, the analysis, storage and use (provision, realization) information on hydroweather conditions and climatic changes.

Art. 2. - Hydrometeorological activities are performed in single procedure in all territory of the country based on provisions of the Constitution, requirements of this law, recommendations of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and conventions in the field of hydrometeorology, one of the parties of which is the Republic of Moldova.

Art. 3. - When implementing hydrometeorological activities the following principles shall be observed:

a) globality, complexity, systemacity and continuity of observations of hydroweather conditions and climatic changes;

b) unity of evidence-based production technologies of observations, collection, processing, analysis, storage and use of information on hydroweather conditions and climatic changes on territory of the country;

c) mandatory control and metrological supervision according to international standards of the measuring instruments used for hydrometeorological observations;

d) coordination and integration of activities of national hydrometeorological system with activities of the international hydrometeorological network;

e) availability, reliability of the made information on the actual and expected hydroweather conditions and climatic changes, efficiency of use of this information.

Art. 4. - Hydrometeorological activities in the Republic of Moldova are performed by the Public hydrometeorological service (further - Service) which is administrative authority which performs functions of promotion and realization of state policy in meteorological, hydrological and adjacent areas.

Art. 5. - In this law the following concepts are used: hydrometeorological activities - package of measures, the hydroweather conditions and the phenomena directed to studying and servicing of the social and economic sphere, and also its long-term development;

it is excluded;

specialized information - the target information on hydroweather conditions and the phenomena, and also climatic changes requiring additional costs on its obtaining, processing, the analysis, storage and provision according to requests of consumers;

National fund of hydrometeorological data - all data on state of environment and its pollution of hydrometeorological nature received in the territory of the Republic of Moldova and beyond its limits by subjects of national hydrometeorological network;

observations of hydroweather conditions - tool measurements and visual observations of the environment for the purpose of objective assessment of its meteorological, climatic, aerological, hydrological and agrometeorological characteristics;

the network of hydrometeorological observation - set of the information systems, stations and posts intended to observe hydroweather conditions, and also to collect the relevant data;

departmental supervisory network - the stations and posts which are conducting hydrometeorological observations and not being part of Service;

monitoring of hydroweather conditions - watch system, estimates and the forecast of condition and development of hydroweather conditions, including climatic changes at the national level, for the purpose of protection of the population and national economy against the dangerous hydrometeorological phenomena;

the forecast - the evidence-based conclusion about possible change of the hydrometeorological phenomenon;

the prevention - the forecast of the hydrometeorological phenomenon constituted for certain industry of national economy or the consumer with indication of the beginning, the termination and intensity of the phenomenon;

the dangerous hydrometeorological phenomena - the phenomena which depending on intensity, can put to time of origin, duration and the area of distribution or caused this or that material damage to the population and national economy;

it is excluded.

Chapter II of the Task and structure of service

Art. 6. - Enters tasks of Service:

1) at the national level

a) implementation of monitoring of condition and development of hydroweather conditions for protection of the population against the dangerous hydrometeorological phenomena, for prevention or decrease in damage which can be caused with them;

b) satisfaction of requirement of the population, economy, national defense, bodies of the public power in hydrometeorological information;

c) creation and management of the hydrometeorological data of National fund necessary for hydrometeorological reasons for designing, construction and operation of social and economic objects, developments of strategy of long-term development of national economy;

d) carrying out observations of hydroweather conditions and implementation of permanent measurements of radiation level in networks of hydrometeorological observation, and also the analysis of the obtained data;

e) the systematic analysis and generalization of the developing hydroweather and agroweather conditions on territories of the country, ensuring preparation and the edition of informative materials;

f) carrying out scientific research in the field of hydrometeorology;

g) providing together with other bodies of the public power of accounting of water resources for quantitative indices and participation in management of unified information system;

h) participation in accordance with the established procedure in work of the state and departmental commissions on consideration of effects of the natural disasters, accidents and catastrophic crashes caused by the dangerous hydrometeorological phenomena;

i) equipment of the supervisory network the devices and the equipment providing collection, processing and distribution of hydrometeorological information;

j) development of regulations, the techniques regulating hydrometeorological activities according to the international requirements;

k) ensuring compliance with rules of metrology and standardization, implementation of internal metrological supervision of measuring instruments;

l) issue to business entities of permissions to opening of departmental hydrometeorological stations and posts and control of their activities;

m) provision of specialized information on contractual basis on requests of customers;

2) internationally

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