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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of April 20, 2000 No. 939-XIV

About publishing

(as amended on 09-06-2022)

The parliament adopts this ordinary law.

Chapter I General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

For the purpose of this law the following basic concepts are used:

the author (coauthor) - physical person (group of physical persons), which creative activity (which) the work in the field of literature, arts and sciences is created;;

the customer of publishing products - legal entity or physical person which according to the current legislation orders publishing products, undertaking the corresponding financial expenses;

output data - data set, characterizing the published work and intended for informing the consumer, use for the purpose of bibliographic processing and the statistical recording of editions;

CIP (cataloguing in the edition) - the standard bibliographic description before publication located on the back of the title page;

the edition - set of the copies of the same work printed from the same typographical set; the work published by method of stamping and/or printing according to state standards and intended for distribution;

the publishing house/publisher - the legal entity or physical person specializing in preparation of manuscripts for printing;

obligatory copies - copies of each of works of seal, graphical, audiovisual and electronic which producers shall provide free of charge to the organizations specified in this law;

the distributor of publishing products - the legal entity or physical person which is engaged in realization and distribution of publishing products;

the document - information unit with certain content provided in one of expression forms (the text, the image, sound, etc.) on the traditional or electronic medium;

ISBN (International Standard Book Number) - International standard number of the book;

ISMN (International Standard Music Number) - International standard number of printing music;

ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) - International standard number of serial editions;

the manuscript - the original of handiwork provided to the edition handwritten executed by typewriting or processed by means of the processor;

publishing products - set of the works issued by publishing house;

reissuing - publication of work in the form of the new edition with changes and updating to 25 percent of the text of the first edition;

reprinting - publication of the first edition without changes;

typography/printer - the legal entity or physical person specializing in printing and replication of publishing products;

circulation - quantity of the printed copies of one work.

Article 2. Publishing

(1) Publishing represents the cumulative activities of publishing house (organizing, creative, economic) consisting in preparation for printing, printing and distribution of different types of printed materials: books, newspapers, magazines, notes, calendars, editions on art, etc.

(2) the Publishing activities are subdivided into the following stages:

a) preparation for printing - set of the actions including editing, transfer, enrollment, updates, technical edition, illustration and prototyping of works;

b) printing - engineering procedure of reproduction of the publishing original;

c) distribution - distribution of publishing products through retail chain stores, libraries, and also other ways.

Article 2.1. Publishing and printing and book-selling system

The publishing and printing and book-selling system of the Republic of Moldova includes publishing houses, typographies, editions of serial (periodic) editions, bookstores and National book chamber.

Article 2.2.

Voided according to the Law of the Republic of Moldova of 25.11.2011 No. 228

Article 3. Publishing purposes

Publishing aims:

a) requirements satisfaction of the personality, society, state in publishing products;

b) creation to citizens of opportunities for self-expression as authors irrespective of race, nationality, ethnic origin, language, religion, floor, views, political affiliation, property status or social origin;

c) ensuring right to liberty of thought and the word, on free expression of views and beliefs;

d) assistance national culturally to development of the people by significant increase in circulations and amounts of editions, and also expansion of subject of book products;

e) increase in cultural level of citizens through availability of publishing products, their familiarizing with universal values by the edition in the original or in transfer of outstanding works of the national and world literature;

f) establishment of bonds with publishing houses of other countries and the conclusion of international conventions and agreements in the field of publishing;

g) increase in editions of the national book in the most widely used languages that will promote creation of image of the Republic of Moldova in the world;

h) strengthening and upgrade of material and technical resources of publishing houses, typographies and networks of distribution of publishing products.

Article 4. State policy in the field of publishing

(1) State policy in the field of publishing is based on the principles of non-admission of monopolization, complete freedom, strengthening and upgrade of material, organization-legal and scientific base of publishing.

(1-1) This law determines state policy in the field of publishing activities for the purpose of creation of the stimulating, fair and equal conditions for all subjects involved in publishing and printing process and implementation process of the book.

(2) State policy in the field of publishing is directed on:

a) support of the edition of the national book, replenishment of the market and library stocks editions in state language, ensuring the central and local public authority with necessary literature of bodies, organizations of education, culture, science, the right, and also the economic organizations;

b) the edition of the national book with assistance of bodies of public management and assistance of national and cultural communities.

c) ensuring compliance with the rights of publishing houses and authors and accomplishment of the obligations by them.

(3) the State initiates national programs of the edition of books which will be promulgated and controlled in the conditions of the maximum transparency, are carried out only by results of auctions according to the established regulations with the assistance of all publishing houses irrespective of type of property and organizationally - legal form.

Article 4.1. Functions of the Ministry of Culture

The Ministry of Culture as the central public body in the field of publishing and printing activities and book management performs the following functions:

a) pursues state policy in the field;

b) performs monitoring of compliance with laws and other regulations in the field of book publishing and book trade;

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