of February 25, 1998 No. 1540-XIII
About payment for environmental pollution
The parliament adopts this law.
The purpose of this law is:
a) creation of such system of production economic activity in case of which there is unprofitable harming the environment;
b) encouragement of construction and operation of systems of catching and neutralization of pollutants, collection, conversion and destruction of waste, implementation of environmentally friendly technologies, accomplishment of other actions directed to reduction of amount of emission, dumping of pollutants into the environment, by reducing formation of production wastes, and also packaging waste;
c) forming of ecological funds for financing of the activities connected with environmental improvement.
(1) Subjects of this law are legal entities, irrespective of type of property and form of business, and the physical persons performing business activity which production economic activity leads to environmental pollution.
(2) Subject of this law are the relations arising in connection with issuance in the territory of the Republic of Moldova of goods in the course of which use the environment, by emission, dumping of pollutants into the environment, with placement of production wastes is polluted.
In this law the following concepts are used:
pollutant - solid, liquid or gaseous substance which can make negative impact on live organisms and/or the environment;
the threshold limit value (TLV) - the scientific and technical standard rate establishing the maximum concentration of pollutant in components of the environment in case of which the negative impact on health of the person and/or on the environment is not noted;
the maximum permissible emission (MPE) - the scientific and technical standard rate determined proceeding from condition that concentration of the pollutant which is thrown out in prizemny layer of atmospheric air by source or group of sources shall not exceed standard rates of maximum allowable concentration;
the maximum permissible dumping (MPD) - the maximum mass of pollutant in sewage allowed to water disposal in the set mode in this Item in unit of time;
danger coefficient - coefficient of reduction in which relative danger of pollutant is considered;
conditional ton - the relative mass of pollutant determined as the work of its weight in tons on danger coefficient;
primary package – the packaging which is directly containing product, developed and made for the purpose of accomplishment of function of commodity unit for the end user or the consumer. The packaging which is product component necessary for placement, protection or storage of product is not considered primary if all its elements intend for use, consumption or removal together with product (for example, tea bag, sausage film). For commodity units it is powerful (amount/weight) no more than 30 ml/mg the primary package is considered the secondary package intended for their grouping;
composite primary package – the primary package made of the different packaging materials, such as paper, noncorrugated cardboard, plastic, polyethylene and/or aluminum, not separable manually qualified on goods item 4819 20 000;
the secondary package – the packaging developed for education in outlet of group of commodity units irrespective of, it is on sale as such to the end user or the consumer or serves only as means for the calculation of goods in outlet; such packaging can be separated product without product quality violation.
Standard rates of payment for environmental pollution are established by Parliament.
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