of February 10, 1999 No. 272-XIV
About drinking water
The Parliament adopts this organic law.
For the purpose of this law the following basic concepts are used in value:
drinking water - water which can be used by the person long time, directly or indirectly, without damnification to his health;
drinking water supply - activities for ensuring the needs for drinking water of physical persons and legal entities;
the consumer of drinking water - the physical person or legal entity using drinking water for satisfaction of the needs (physiological, household, technological);
reliability of system of drinking water supply - property of system to provide the mode of supply of drinking water according to the established regulations of drinking water consumption and standard rates of quality of drinking water;
the supplier of drinking water - the business entity performing centralized drinking water supply of consumers;
regulations of drinking water consumption - the settlement amount of drinking water necessary for satisfaction of physiological and domestic needs of one person within a day in case of normal functioning of systems of drinking water supply and in the conditions of emergency situations;
sanitary and hygienic standard rates of quality of drinking water - indicators of physical and chemical and microbiological structure and organoleptic properties to which there shall correspond drinking water that its use was harmless and safe for health. Are established by the health regulations and regulations approved by the Government;
centralized system of drinking water supply - complex of constructions, installations, actions and transactions by means of which the water received from natural sources is processed, transported, accumulates and is distributed to consumers under constant pressure, in quantity and qualities according to existing rules;
not centralized system of drinking water supply - the device and construction (well, source, well with water purifiers or without them, etc.) for fence and receipt of drinking water without its giving to the place of consumption;
autonomous system of drinking water supply - devices and constructions for fence and receipt of drinking water with giving (without giving) it to the place of consumption which are in individual or collective use;
the source of drinking water supply - natural water object which water corresponds to the established standard rates of quality and is used or can be used in water supply system for water intake;
zone of sanitary protection - the territory, the water area including source, devices and constructions of water supply on which specific modes of economic activity and protection of waters are set.
(1) This law governs the relations in the field of drinking water supply and establishes requirements for providing with drinking water physical persons and legal entities, reliability of functioning of systems of drinking water supply and quality of drinking water, and also responsibility for offenses in the field.
(2) Operation of this law extends to bodies of the central branch and local public management, owners of systems of drinking water supply and the consumers of drinking water, the company and organization who are engaged in designing, construction and operation of the specified systems, the state bodies exercising control and supervision in the field of drinking water supply and also on physical persons and legal entity which activities can exert impact on quality of water in sources and systems of drinking water supply.
(1) is Within the competence of the Government in drinking water supply:
a) development and realization of state policy in the field of drinking water supply;
b) development, approval, financing and implementation of state programs on development of centralized systems of drinking water supply;
c) carrying out single scientific and technical policy, forming of single regulatory and metrological base in the field of regulation of quality of drinking water, designing, construction and operation of systems of drinking water supply, use and protection of sources of drinking water supply;
d) determination of obligations and establishment of the rights of bodies of the central branch and local public management in the field of drinking water supply;
e) implementation of the state control of observance of the standards and standard rates existing concerning drinking water;
f) establishment of procedure for certification and licensing in the field of drinking water supply;
g) determination of the basic principles of price policy in the field of drinking water supply;
h) international cooperation in the field.
(2) treats competence of bodies of the central branch and local public management in drinking water supply:
a) coordination of activities of the companies operating centralized and not centralized systems of drinking water supply;
b) development, approval and financing of programs and actions for ensuring functioning, upgrade and development of systems of drinking water supply;
c) organization of zones of sanitary protection of sources of drinking water supply and control of implementation of the water preserving actions;
d) the organization of accounting of consumption of the drinking water released through water supply systems based on the programs developed by bodies of public management;
e) approval of limits and modes of leave of drinking water to the companies and the organizations from centralized systems of drinking water supply;
f) providing consumers with operational and reliable information about quality of drinking water;
g) acceptance, on the basis of the conclusions of state supervision bodies, decisions on the temporary termination of use of drinking water or operation of systems of drinking water supply in the conditions of emergency situations;
h) the solution of other questions of drinking water supply according to the current legislation.
State policy in the field of drinking water supply is based on the following principles:
a) responsibility of the state in providing the population with drinking water according to the established regulations of water consumption and standard rates of quality;
b) requirements satisfaction in drinking water by preferential development of centralized systems of drinking water supply, designing, construction and which operation is based on single requirements of standards and the existing regulations;
c) control from bodies of public management and state supervision bodies, within their competence, behind functioning of systems of drinking water supply, activities of the companies operating these systems, quality of drinking water;
d) the paid nature of the delivery services of drinking water provided on the basis of agreements and data of accounting of its consumption;
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