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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of April 27, 1995 No. 440-XIII

About the water protection zones and strips of the rivers and reservoirs

(as amended on 23-04-2020)

The parliament adopts this law.

Chapter I General provisions

Article 1. Legal basis

(1) Protection of the rivers and reservoirs from pollution, contaminations, depletions and instruction, and also use of the land grounds adjoining to them are performed on the basis of the Constitution, the Law on environmental protection, this law and other regulations.

(2) This law regulates procedure for creation of the water protection zones and coastal podookhranny strips of the rivers and reservoirs, the mode of their use and activities for their protection. Its action extends on all legal entities and physical person, including foreign.

Article 2. Basic concepts

In this law the following concepts are used:

the water protection zone of the rivers and reservoirs - the territory of the established sizes adjoining water object, intended for protection of surface water against pollution, depletion and instruction;

coastal water preserving strip - the territory of the established sizes which is part of the water protection zone, intended for creation of forest strips or grassing;

bank protection forest strip - the forest strip along the coast of water object intended for its protection against erosion and landslides;

brow of coastal slope of bed - the line of sharp change of the coast separating its upper flat part the underlying abrupt site;

watershed - the line of the Section of drain of atmospheric precipitation on two opposite directed slopes; the ridge or the site of the sublime area dividing two drainage basins;

belt of meanders - the territory between the lines connecting extreme external points of bends of the river in places of intensive meandrirovaniye;

Staritsa - the old bed of the river with standing or slowly current water which is often connected with the main bed;

water pollution - the change of structure or condition of water as a result of introduction of impurity leading to deterioration in its quality, physical, chemical and biological properties;

depletion of waters - decrease in amount of water is lower than the admissible minimum providing safe ecological condition of water object;

instruction - accumulating in line with the river or the bed of reservoir of organic and inorganic particles leading to formation of layer of silt and reduction of amount of water;

sewage - the waters contaminated by organic and inorganic substances. Are subdivided into industrial, agricultural, household and atmospheric (rain);

economic activity - any activities of the person connected with use of this object for receipt of material benefits.

river bed - the land area covered with water constantly or temporarily which provides free current of water between coast in regular level, including the islands formed by the natural course of waters;

the floodplain - the part of the square of the natural valley of waterway flooded by water in case of flood.

sanitary cabins - cabins on removal of the patients struck with wreckers, broken, the dry, damaged or tumbled down trees for the purpose of providing and maintenance of sanitary condition of the woods up to standard, non-admissions of education and distribution of the centers of diseases and wreckers. Sanitary cabins are included into complex of cabins of leaving and cabins of updating;

cabins of leaving - the timber works performed since the beginning of creation of forests and before achievement by the wood of age of ripeness (recovery), aiming at improvement of their structure, quality, biological resilience and functionality;

cabins of updating - the cabins in old afforestations with special protective functions performed for the purpose of preserving or improvement of their sanitary condition and ensuring further improvement of the protective functions assigned to them. Such cabins are made in the afforestations included by forest management in economic divisions in which reforestation cabins temporarily or are finally prohibited and the updating mode is set;

ecological reconstruction - complex works on recovery of the valuable woods which structure suffered as a result of negative anthropogenous or natural impact, and to their return to the condition similar or close fixed before such impact.

Article 3. The water protection zone of the rivers and reservoirs

(1) the structure of the water protection zone of the rivers and reservoirs join the floodplain of the river, the first nadpoymenny terraces, brows and steep slopes of radical coast, ravines and beams which are directly falling into the river valley.

(2) In the water protection zone of the rivers and reservoirs the special mode of economic activity is set.

(3) in case of use of superficial water sources for centralized water supply for the purpose of satisfaction of drinking needs in places of water intake the zones of sanitary protection providing specific mode of operation are established.

Article 4. Coastal water preserving strip

In the water protection zone the coastal water preserving strip within which economic activity is strictly limited is allocated.

Article 5. Rivers and reservoirs

(1) all water flows passing over six months a year on the bed developed by them from source to the mouth, except for springs on slopes belong To the rivers and streams in this law. Depending on the extent of beds water flows share on:

streams - to 10 kilometers;

small rivers and the small rivers - from 10 to 100 kilometers;

the average rivers - from 100 to 200 kilometers;

the large rivers - over 200 kilometers.

(2) lakes, water storage basins and ponds belong To reservoirs.

Chapter II Establishment of the sizes of the water protection zones and strips of the rivers and reservoirs

Article 6. Sizes of the water protection zones of the rivers and reservoirs

(1) Along coast of the rivers and reservoirs the water protection zones at least 500 meters wide from brow of coastal slope of bed on coast but watershed are established not further.

(2) For streams (with permanent or temporary waterway) along coast the water protection zone at least 15 meters wide on both coast is established.

(3) Width of the water protection zones of the Dniester Rivers, the Prut and Danube constitutes at least 1000 meters.

Article 7. Sizes of coastal water preserving strips

(1) Width of coastal water preserving strips is established depending on length of the rivers in the following sizes:

for small rivers and the small rivers - at least 20 meters;

for the average rivers - at least 50 meters;

for the large rivers - at least 100 meters.

(2) For the reservoirs located in beds of the rivers and also for sources of these rivers width of coastal strips is established depending on length of the river and nature of adjacent slopes.

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