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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of April 2, 1996 No. 797-XIII

About adoption of Regulations of Parliament

(as amended on 20-11-2020)

According to part (1) Article 64 and Item c) parts (3) article 72 of the Constitution the Parliament adopts this law.

Art. 1. - Accept Regulations of Parliament it (is applied).

Art. 2. - Declare invalid the Resolution of Parliament on approval of Regulations of Parliament No. 10-XIII of March 31, 1994.

Art. 3. - This law becomes effective from the date of publication.

Chairman of the parliament

To Pyotr Luchinski

Regulations of Parliament

Section I Institutionalization and activities of Parliament

Chapter 1 Institutionalization of Parliament

Article 1. Elections of Parliament

(1) the Parliament is the supreme representative body of the people of the Republic of Moldova and the single legislature of the state.

(2) Elections of deputies are held no later than three months after the expiration of powers or dissolution of Parliament of the previous structure.

(3) the Parliament is elected on the basis of general, equal and direct suffrage in case of secret and free vote, for a period of four years which can be extended by the organic law in case of war or catastrophic crash.

(4) the Term of office of Parliament is prolonged before legal convocation of its new structure. During this period the Constitution cannot be reviewed, the organic laws cannot be accepted, changed or acknowledged invalid.

(5) the Newly elected Parliament gathers for constituent meeting on convocation of the President of the Republic of Moldova no later than 30 days after elections on condition of election at least two thirds of total number of deputies.

Article 2. Meeting on institutionalization of Parliament

(1) the oldest deputy on age, and then, after election presides Over constituent meeting of newly elected Parliament, - the Chairman of the parliament or one of vice-chairmen of Parliament.

(2) the Chairman at meeting gives the floor to the Chairman Konstitutsionnogo court for the report on election results of Parliament and recognition of mandates of the elected deputies.

Article 3. Date of institutionalization of Parliament

The parliament is considered legally constituted from the date of holding constituent meeting.

Article 4. Formation of parliamentary fractions

(1) For education of workers of bodies and the organization of activities of Parliament deputies create parliamentary fractions in number of at least five deputies elected according to lists from competitors on elections and also the one and only parliamentary fraction in the same quantitative structure from among the deputies elected according to lists from competitors on the elections which did not gather necessary number for creation of parliamentary fraction and from among independent and/or non-aligned deputies.

(2) the Deputies elected according to lists from competitors on the elections which did not gather necessary number for creation of parliamentary fraction, independent and non-aligned deputies can join other parliamentary fractions created according to part (1).

(3) Parliamentary fractions are created within ten days after legal institutionalization of Parliament and function on the basis of own regulations.

(3-1) For the purpose of promotion of general views the independent and/or non-aligned deputies who are not consisting in parliamentary fraction are also more whole, can create at any time parliamentary groups in number of at least five people. For the purpose of these Regulations parliamentary groups have the same rights and obligations, as parliamentary fractions.

(4) Voided according to the Law of Parliament of the Republic of Moldova of 21.05.2010 No. 96

(5) Parliamentary fractions elect the governing bodies or heads.

(6) the Deputy can be the member only of one fraction.

(7) the Deputy can leave structure of fraction. The fraction can exclude some members from the structure.

(8) the Deputy who left or excluded from structure of fraction, maybe, as a rule after six-months term after exit or exception to join any other fraction.

(9) the Chairman of parliamentary fraction represents to Parliament numerical and staff of fraction.

(10) the Chairman at meeting establishes priority of speakers depending on the number of parliamentary fractions.

(11) Any changes which happened as a part of parliamentary fraction are brought to the attention of Parliament at plenary meeting.

(12) the fraction or the coalition of fractions announced in the corresponding declaration, covering more than a half of the elected deputies is considered Parliamentary majority.

(13) the Parliamentary opposition is considered the fractions or fractions which are not part of parliamentary majority and announced the opposition in relation to it.

Article 5. Termination of existence of parliamentary fraction

(1) the Fraction stops the existence if in its structure there were less than five members or in case of submission of the relevant resolution.

(2) the Former chairman of fraction informs on it the Chairman of the parliament in three-day time. The chairman of the parliament states the termination of existence of fraction in the cases provided by part (1), and announces it at the plenary session of Parliament.

(3) the Fraction can not stop the existence if in its structure there were less than five members if the deputy whose mandate is acknowledged at once after reduction of structure of fraction in ten-day time from the date of recognition of the mandate became the member of this fraction.

Article 6. Functions of parliamentary fractions and organization of their activities

(1) According to these regulations parliamentary fractions have the right to make offers on:

a) to appointment, election in structure or to response of the representatives from structure of Permanent bureau, the permanent commissions, and also permanent parliamentary delegations taking into account their pro rata representation in Parliament;

b) to the agenda of parliamentary sessions and Permanent bureau;

c) to formation of special, investigative and other commissions of Parliament;

d) to drafts of resolutions of Parliament on the program of activities of the Government, drafts of acts of Parliament of exclusively political nature;

e) to formation of working groups and groups of experts on various spheres of activity;

f) to initiation of parliamentary hearings, etc.

(2) in case of change of pro rata representative office of fractions in Parliament parliamentary fractions, as a rule, after at least one year after ascertaining of this fact can demand corresponding change of structure of Permanent bureau, the permanent commissions, and also permanent parliamentary delegations.

(3) rooms for work are provided to Parliamentary fractions, office equipment, office supplies and are rendered the services necessary for their effective work.

(4) the Chairman of parliamentary fraction is helped by its office which is created taking into account pro rata representative office of fraction in Parliament and which personnel are enlisted for work on the basis of personal trust of the chairman of fraction.

(5) the Conclusion and the termination of individual employment contracts with personnel of office of the chairman of fraction are performed by the Chairman of the parliament according to the proposal of the chairman of fraction.

(6) Each fraction has the annual budget approved by Parliament which size depends on its numerical representation in Parliament. The procedure for use of the financial resources allocated from the budget of Parliament for ensuring activities of parliamentary fractions is established by each fraction independently.

Chapter 2 Election of the Chairman of the parliament, vice-chairmen of Parliament and formation of Permanent bureau of Parliament

Article 7. Parliament leaders

After legal institutionalization of Parliament the Chairman of the parliament, vice-chairmen of Parliament are elected and the Permanent bureau of Parliament is formed.

Article 8. Commission on elections of the Chairman of the parliament

(1) the Parliament according to the offer of parliamentary fractions creates the commission on elections of the Chairman of the parliament, which:

a) accepts offers on promotion of candidates for position of the Chairman of the parliament;

b) establishes sample and the text of voting bulletin;

c) provides preparation and carrying out vote;

d) sums up the vote results, declares invalid bulletins in which:

- there are no signs and seals of the commission;

- declaration of will of voting is not reflected;

- names of all candidates are deleted;

- other names are entered;

e) resolves the conflicts and disputes arising in voting process;

f) submits to Parliament for approval results of vote.

(2) Members of the commission elect the chairman and the secretary of the commission.

(3) Commission session is competent if at it there is most of her members. Resolutions of the commission are accepted by a majority vote her members. Resolutions and protocols are signed by the chairman and the secretary of the commission then on them the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is sealed.

Article 9. Election of the Chairman of the parliament

(1) the Chairman of the parliament is elected to term of office of Parliament by secret vote by means of ballots in which surnames and names of all candidates offered by parliamentary fractions are brought. Each parliamentary fraction can offer only one candidate.

(2) the Candidate who gathered majority of votes of the elected deputies is considered the elected Chairman of the parliament.

(3) If any of candidates did not gather required poll, repeated vote in which only two candidates participate is taken, received the greatest poll during the first vote.

(4) If candidates gained equal number of votes, new elections with promotion of the same or other candidates by parliamentary fractions are held.

Article 10. Election of vice-chairmen of Parliament

Vice-chairmen of Parliament are elected by open voting by a majority vote the elected deputies according to the proposal of the Chairman of the parliament after consultations with parliamentary fractions.

Article 11. Response of the Chairman of the parliament and vice-chairmen of Parliament

(1) the Chairman of the parliament can be ahead of schedule recalled according to the offer of the parliamentary fraction which pushed it or at least than one third of the elected deputies.

(2) the Resolution on response of the Chairman of the parliament is accepted by two thirds of voices of the elected deputies in case of secret vote according to the procedure, stipulated in Article 8, applied as appropriate.

(3) Vice-chairmen of Parliament can be ahead of schedule recalled according to the proposal of the Chairman of the parliament after consultations with parliamentary fractions by a majority vote the elected deputies.

Article 12. Formation of Permanent bureau of Parliament

(1) the Permanent bureau of Parliament is its working body and is created taking into account pro rata representative office of fractions in Parliament. The Chairman of the parliament and vice-chairmen of Parliament are its part on position. Numerical and the staff of Permanent bureau is determined by the resolution of Parliament by the offer of parliamentary fractions.

(2) Members of Permanent bureau are appointed by resolutions of parliamentary fractions within the number of places allocated to them. Resolutions are represented to the chairman at meeting who brings them to the attention of Parliament.

(3) the Permanent bureau is recognized constituted after appointment at least three fourth of his members.

(4) Meetings of Permanent bureau are convened upon the demand of the Chairman of the parliament or at least than one third of his members.

(5) the Member of Permanent bureau can be recalled by the resolution of the parliamentary fraction which appointed it accepted by a majority vote her members.

Article 13. Functions of Permanent bureau of Parliament

(1) the Permanent bureau of Parliament performs the following functions:

a) offers Parliament date of convocation of plenary meetings;

b) submits to Parliament for approval numerical and members of permanent parliamentary delegations in the international organizations;

c) will organize and provides activities of Parliament;

d) submits to Parliament for approval the staff of the permanent commissions offered according to decisions of parliamentary fractions and wishes of deputies;

e) coordinates activities of the permanent commissions;

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