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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of February 7, 2011 No. 3-FZ

About police

(as amended on 24-02-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma on January 28, 2011

Approved by the Federation Council on February 2, 2011

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Appointment of police

1. The police is intended for protection of life, health, the rights and freedoms of citizens of the Russian Federation, foreign citizens, stateless persons (further also - citizens; person), for counteraction of crime, protection of public order, property and for ensuring public safety.

2. The police without delay comes to the rescue of everyone who needs its protection against criminal and other illegal encroachments.

3. The police within the powers renders assistance to federal bodies of the government, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, other state bodies (further also - state bodies), to local government bodies, other municipal authorities (further also - municipal authorities), to public associations, and also the organizations irrespective of patterns of ownership (further - the organizations), to officials of these bodies and organizations (further - officials) in protection of their rights.

Article 2. Main activities of police

1. Activities of police are performed in the following main directions:

1) protection of the personality, society, state against illegal encroachments;

2) prevention and control of offenses and administrative offenses;

3) identification and disclosure of crimes, production of inquiry on criminal cases;

4) search of persons;

5) production on cases on administrative offenses, execution of administrative punishments;

6) providing law and order in public places;

7) traffic safety;

8) ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 03.07.2016 No. 227-FZ

9) ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 05.12.2017 No. 391-FZ

10) ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 03.07.2016 No. 227-FZ

11) state protection of the victims, witnesses and other participants of criminal trial, judges, prosecutors, investigators, officials of law enforcement and monitoring bodies, and also other protected persons;

12) implementation of expert and criminalistic activities.

2. According to the decision of the President of the Russian Federation police officers can participate in activities for maintenance or recovery of international peace and safety.

Article 3. Legal basis of activities of police

1. The legal basis of activities of police is constituted by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the conventional principles and rules of international law, the international agreements of the Russian Federation, the Federal constitutional Laws, this Federal Law, other Federal Laws, regulatory legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation and regulatory legal acts of the Government of the Russian Federation, and also regulatory legal acts of the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of internal affairs (further - federal executive body in the field of internal affairs).

2. The police in the activities is guided also by the laws of subjects of the Russian Federation concerning protection of public order and ensuring public safety issued within their competence.

3. The federal executive body in the field of internal affairs develops and represents in accordance with the established procedure to the President of the Russian Federation and to the Government of the Russian Federation drafts of the Federal constitutional Laws, the Federal Laws, regulatory legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation and regulatory legal acts of the Government of the Russian Federation, and also suggestion for improvement of legislative and other regulatory legal acts on the questions carried to activities of police.

Article 4. Organization of police

1. The police is component of single centralized system of federal executive body in the field of internal affairs.

2. The divisions, the organizations and services created for accomplishment of the obligations assigned to police can be part of police (further - divisions of police).

3. Management of activities of police is performed within the competence the head of federal executive body in the field of internal affairs, by heads of territorial authorities of federal executive body in the field of internal affairs (further - territorial authorities) and division managers of police. Heads of the specified bodies and divisions bear responsibility for accomplishment of the obligations assigned to police.

4. The structure of police, procedure for creation, reorganization and liquidation of divisions of police are determined by the President of the Russian Federation.

5. Standard rates and limits of the number of staff of divisions of police within the established number of staff of law-enforcement bodies are determined by the head of federal executive body in the field of internal affairs.

Chapter 2. Principles of activities of police

Article 5. Observance and respect of rights and freedoms of man and citizen

1. The police performs the activities on the basis of observance and respect of rights and freedoms of man and citizen.

2. The activities of police limiting the rights and freedoms of citizens, immediately stop if the legal objectives are achieved or it became clear that this purpose cannot or shall not be reached by restriction of the rights and freedoms of citizens.

3. The police officer is forbidden to resort to tortures, violence, another to the cruel or degrading human dignity address. The police officer shall stop actions by which the citizen is intentionally hurt physical or moral suffering.

4. In case of the address to the citizen the police officer shall:

1) to call the position, rank, surname, to show the official ID upon the demand of the citizen then to report the reason and the purpose of the address;

2) in case of application to the citizen of the measures limiting its rights and freedoms to explain it the reason and the bases of application of such measures, and also arising with respect thereto the rights and the citizen's obligations.

5. The police officer in case of the address of the citizen to him shall call the position, rank, surname, to attentively listen to him, to take adequate measures within the powers or to explain whose competence includes the solution of the question posed.

6. The information on private life of the citizen received as a result of activities of police cannot be provided to somebody without the voluntary consent of the citizen, except as specified, provided by the Federal Law.

7. The police shall provide to each citizen access to the documents and materials which are directly affecting its rights and freedoms if other is not established by the Federal Law.

Article 6. Legality

1. The police performs the activities in strict accordance with the law.

2. Any restriction of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens, and also the rights and legitimate interests of public associations, organizations and officials is admissible only on the bases and according to the procedure which are provided by the Federal Law.

3. The police officer is forbidden to incite, to decline, to induce in direct or indirect form someone to making of illegal actions.

4. The police officer cannot in justification of the actions (failure to act) in case of accomplishment of service duties refer to interests of service, economic feasibility, illegal requirements, orders and orders of higher officials or any other circumstances.

5. Application by the police officer of measures of the state coercion for accomplishment of obligations and realization of police powers is admissible only in the cases provided by the Federal Law.

6. The federal executive body in the field of internal affairs provides control of legality of decisions and actions of officials of police.

Article 7. Impartiality

1. The police protects the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of man and citizen irrespective of floor, races, nationalities, language, origin, property and official capacity, the residence, the relation to religion, beliefs, belonging to public associations, and also other circumstances.

2. The police officer is forbidden to consist in political parties, to financially support political parties and to take part in their activities. When implementing office activities the police officer shall not be connected by decisions of political parties, other public associations and religious organizations.

3. The police officer shall show respect for national customs and traditions of citizens, to consider cultural and other features of different ethnic and social groups, the religious organizations, to promote interethnic and interfaith concord.

4. The police officer both in office, and in off-duty time shall abstain from any actions which can raise doubts in his impartiality or cause damage to the authority of police.

Article 8. Openness and publicity

1. Activities of police are open for society in that measure in what it does not contradict requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation about criminal trial, about production for cases on administrative offenses, about operational search activities, about protection of the state and protected by the law other secret, and also do not violate the rights of citizens, public associations and the organizations.

2. Citizens, public associations and the organizations have the right according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, to obtain reliable information about activities of police, and also to obtain from police information which is directly affecting their rights, except for information, access to which is limited by the Federal Law.

3. The police regularly informs the state and municipal authorities, citizens on the activities through mass media, the information and telecommunication Internet, and also by reports of officials (at least once a year) before legislative (representative) public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, representative bodies of municipalities and before citizens. Frequency, procedure for the reporting, and also category of officials, representatives to report to the specified bodies and citizens, are determined by federal executive body in the field of internal affairs.

4. The police in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation provides the information on the activities to mass media by official requests of their editions, and also by holding press conferences, mailing of reference and statistical materials and in other forms.

5. According to requests of editorial offices of mass media according to the procedure, determined by federal executive body in the field of internal affairs, accreditation of journalists for publicizing of activities of police is performed.

6. The federal executive body in the field of internal affairs has in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation the right to establish mass media for publicizing of activities of police.

Article 9. Public trust and support of citizens

1. The police when implementing the activities aims to provide public trust to itself and support of citizens.

2. Actions of police officers shall be reasonable and clear for citizens.

3. In case of violation by the police officer of the rights and freedoms of citizens or the rights of the organizations the police shall take measures for recovery of the violated rights and freedoms within the powers. According to the procedure, determined by federal executive body in the field of internal affairs, the police apologizes to the citizen whose rights and freedoms were broken by the police officer, in the location (residence), work or training of the citizen according to its wishes.

4. The data discrediting the honor, advantage and goodwill of the citizen which are made public by the police officer, in case of recognition their untrue court, the investigator, body of inquiry or the police shall be confuted in the same form in what they were made public, in perhaps short time, but not exceeding one month from the date of recognition of such data untrue.

5. The federal executive body in the field of internal affairs carries out permanent monitoring of public opinion about activities of police, and also monitoring of interaction of police with institutes of civil society. Results of the specified monitoring are regularly brought to the attention of the state and municipal authorities, citizens through mass media, the information and telecommunication Internet.

6. Public opinion is one of the main criteria of official assessment of activities of police determined by federal executive body in the field of internal affairs.

7. In case of federal executive body in the field of internal affairs and territorial authorities public councils which are urged to provide approval of socially significant interests of citizens of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of the government, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, local government bodies, public associations, human rights, religious and other organizations, including professional associations of entrepreneurs, for the solution of the most important issues of activities of police in the way are formed:

1) involvement of citizens and public associations to realization of state policy in the field of protection of public order, ensuring public safety and counteraction of crime;

2) participations in development and consideration of concepts, programs, initiatives of public associations and citizens on the most topical issues of activities of police;

3) conducting public examination of drafts of the Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts concerning activities of police;

4) discussions of the questions concerning activities of police in mass media;

5) implementation of public control over activities of police.

8. Public councils are created on the basis of voluntary participation in their activities of citizens of the Russian Federation, public associations and the organizations according to the procedure, established by the President of the Russian Federation.

Article 10. Interaction and cooperation

1. The police when implementing the activities interacts with other law enforcement agencies, the state and municipal authorities, public associations, the organizations and citizens.

2. The police in case of accomplishment of the obligations assigned to it can use possibilities of the state and municipal authorities, public associations and organizations according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

3. The police within the powers renders assistance to the state and municipal authorities, public associations and organizations in ensuring protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens, respecting the rule of law and law and order, and also gives support to development of citizens' initiatives in the field of the prevention of offenses and providing law and order.

4. The state and municipal authorities, public associations, the organizations and officials shall render assistance to police in case of accomplishment of the obligations assigned to it.

5. Interaction of police with law enforcement agencies of foreign states and the international police organizations is performed according to international treaties of the Russian Federation.

Article 11. Use of achievements of science and technology, modern technologies and information systems

1. The police in the activities shall use achievements of science and technology, information systems, communication networks, and also modern information and telecommunication infrastructure.

2. The police according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, applies electronic forms of acceptance and document registration, the notification on the course of provision of the state services, interactions with other law enforcement agencies, the state and municipal authorities, public associations and the organizations.

3. The police uses technical means, including means of audio-, photo and video fixing, in case of documentation of circumstances of making of crimes, administrative offenses, circumstances of incidents, including in public places, and also for fixation of actions of the police officers who are carrying out the obligations assigned to them.

4. The federal executive body in the field of internal affairs provides to police possibility of use of the information and telecommunication Internet, the automated information systems, the integrated databanks.

Chapter 3. Obligations and police powers

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