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CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of July 29, 1994

(as amended on 22-11-2018)

We, plenipotentiaries of the people of the Republic of Moldova, deputies of Parliament,

Based on the century aspiration of the people to live in the sovereign country, expressed in declaration of independence of the Republic of Moldova;

CONSIDERING continuous statehood of the Moldavian people in historical and ethnic space of its national formation;

AIMING at satisfaction of interests of the citizens of other ethnic origin constituting the people of the Republic of Moldova together with Moldavians;

RECOGNIZING the constitutional state, the civil world, democracy, advantage of the person, its right and freedom, free development of the human person, justice and political pluralism as the supreme values;

UNDERSTANDING the responsibility and debt to last, present and future generations;

CONFIRMING our commitment to universal values, aspiration to live in peace with all people of the world in compliance in the conventional principles and rules of international law,

we accept the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova, proclaiming it the SUPREME LAW of SOCIETY AND STATE.

Section 1 Basic principles

Article 1 State Republic of Moldova

(1) the Republic of Moldova - the sovereign and independent, single and indivisible state.

(2) the Form of government - the republic.

(3) the Republic of Moldova - the democratic constitutional state in which advantage of the person, its rights and freedom, free development of the human person, justice and political pluralism are the supreme values and are guaranteed.

Article 2 Sovereignty and government

(1) National sovereignty belongs to the people of the Republic of Moldova performing it it is direct also through the representative bodies in the forms determined by the Constitution.

(2) Any individual, any part of the people, any social group, any political party or other public association cannot perform the government on its own behalf. Usurpation of the government is worst crime against the people.

Article 3 Territory

(1) the Territory of the Republic of Moldova is inaliennable.

(2) Borders of the country are fixed by the organic law with respect for the conventional principles and rules of international law.

Article 4 of the Human right and freedom

(1) the Constitutional regulations on human rights and freedoms are interpreted and applied according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, pacts and other agreements, one of the parties of which is the Republic of Moldova.

(2) with discrepancies between pacts and agreements on fundamental human rights, one of the parties of which is the Republic of Moldova, and the internal laws the international standards have priority.

Article 5 Democracy and political pluralism

(1) Democracy in the Republic of Moldova is performed in the conditions of the political pluralism incompatible with dictatorship and totalitarianism.

(2) No ideology can be established as official state ideology.

Article 6 Separation and interaction of the authorities

In the Republic of Moldova the legislative, executive and judicial authorities are divided and interact when implementing the prerogatives according to Constitution provisions.

Article 7 the Constitution - the supreme law

The constitution of the Republic of Moldova is the supreme law. Any law or other legal act contradicting Constitution provisions have no legal force.

Article 8 Observance of International Law and International Treaties

(1) the Republic of Moldova Articles of organization of the United Nations and agreements shall observe, one of the parties of which it is, to build the relations with other states on the conventional principles and rules of international law.

(2) review of the Constitution shall precede Entry into force of the international treaty containing provisions the contradicting Constitutions.

Article 9 Basic principles of property

(1) the Property can be public and private. It consists of material and intellectual values.

(2) the Property cannot be used to the detriment of the rights, freedoms and advantage of the person.

(3) the Market, free economic initiative, fair competition are fundamental factors of economy.

Article 10 Unity of the People and right to originality

(1) the Basis of the state is made by unity of the people of the Republic of Moldova. The Republic of Moldova is the general and indivisible homeland of all her citizens.

(The State recognizes 2) and guarantees the right of all citizens to preserving, development and expression of ethnic, cultural, language and religious originality.

The article 11 Republic of Moldova - the neutral state

(1) the Republic of Moldova proclaims the permanent neutrality.

(2) the Republic of Moldova does not allow placement in the territory of armed forces of other states.

Article 12 State symbolics

(1) the Republic of Moldova has flag, the coat of arms and the anthem.

(2) National flag of the Republic of Moldova is the tricolor. Color strips are located vertically in the following sequence from staff: blue, yellow, red. In the center, on yellow strip, the State Emblem of the Republic of Moldova is represented.

(3) the State Emblem of the Republic of Moldova represents the crossed board, above - the red field, below - blue. In the center of board the head of tour between which horns - eight-beam star, to the right of the head - five-petal rose, at the left - the half moon turned and slightly inclined to the left is represented. All elements on board golden (yellow). The board is placed on breast of the natural eagle holding in beak gold cross (eagle crusader) in claws on the right - green olive branch, at the left - gold scepter.

(4) the National anthem of the Republic of Moldova is established by the organic law.

(5) the Flag, the coat of arms and the anthem are the state symbols of the Republic of Moldova and are protected by the law.

Article 13 State language, functioning of other languages

(1) the State language of the Republic of Moldova is the Moldavian language functioning on the basis of Latin graphics.

(The State recognizes 2) and protects the right to preserving, development and functioning of Russian and other languages used in the territory of the country.

(3) the State promotes studying of languages of the international communication.

(4) the Procedure for functioning of languages in the territory of the Republic of Moldova is established by the organic law.

Article 14 Capital

The capital of the Republic of Moldova is the city of Chisinau.

Section II Basic rights, freedoms and obligations

Chapter 1 General provisions

Article 15 Universality

Citizens of the Republic of Moldova have the rights and freedoms set by the Constitution and other laws and have the obligations provided by them.

Article 16 Equality

(1) the Respect and protection of the personality constitute paramount obligation of the state.

(2) All citizens of the Republic of Moldova are equal before the law and the authorities irrespective of race, nationality, ethnic origin, language, religion, floor, views, political affiliation, property status or social origin.

Article 17 Nationality of the Republic of Moldova

(1) Nationality of the Republic of Moldova is acquired, remains or lost in accordance with the terms, provided by the organic law.

(2) Nobody can be randomly deprived of nationality or the right to change it.

Article 18 Protection of Citizens of the Republic of Moldova

(1) Citizens of the Republic of Moldova use protection of the state as within the country, and beyond its limits.

(2) Citizens of the Republic of Moldova cannot be issued to other state or are sent from the country.

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