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LAW OF UKRAINE

of February 4, 1998 No. 74/98-BP

About the National program of informatization

(The last edition from 25-12-2015)

This Law determines the general principles of forming, accomplishment and correlation adjustment of the National program of informatization.

Section I. General provisions

Article 1. Main terms and concepts

In this Law the stated below terms and concepts are used in the following value:

the database - the referred to as data set reflecting provision of objects and their relations in certain data domain;

the knowledge base - information array in the form suitable for logical and semantic processing by the corresponding program methods;

geographic information systems - the modern computer technologies allowing to combine the model image of the territory (electronic reflection of cards, schemes, kosmo-, aero images of the land surface) with information of tabular type (various statistical data, lists, economic indicators, etc.);

means of informatization - the electronic computers, program, mathematical, linguistic and other support, information systems or their separate elements, information networks and communication networks used for realization of information technologies;

informatization - set interconnected organizational, legal, political, social and economic, scientific and technical, the production processes directed to creation of conditions for satisfaction of information needs of citizens and society on the basis of creation, development and use of the information systems, networks, resources and information technologies constructed on the basis of use of modern computer and communication facilities;

information service - actions of subjects for providing consumers with information products;

information technology - purposeful organized set of information processes with use of the computer aids providing high processing rate of data, bystry information search, dispersion of data, access to information sources irrespective of the place of their arrangement;

information product (products) - the documentary information prepared and intended for requirements satisfaction of users;

information resource - set of documents in information systems (libraries, archives, databanks, etc.);

information sovereignty of the state - capability of the state to control and regulate information streams because of limits of the state for the purpose of compliance with laws of Ukraine, the rights and freedoms of citizens, guaranteeing homeland security of the state;

localization of software products - reduction of the software products used in Ukraine in compliance with the laws of Ukraine and other regulatory legal acts, standards, regulations and rules existing in Ukraine;

nonresidents - the legal entities, subjects of business activity who do not have the status of the legal entity (branch, representation, etc.), with the location outside Ukraine, created and acting according to the legislation of foreign state, including the legal entities and other subjects of business activity created with the assistance of legal entities and physical persons;

separate task - complex of the projects of informatization interconnected and mutually agreed on realization terms, cast and directed to achievement of specific purposes;

the project of informatization - complex of the interconnected actions, usually investment nature approved on time, use of certain material, information, human, financial and other resources and aiming at creation of in advance determined information and telecommunication systems, means of informatization and information resources answering to certain specifications and indicators of quality;

residents - the legal entities, subjects of business activity who do not have the status of the legal entity (branch, representation, etc.), with the location in the territory of Ukraine, performing the activities according to the legislation of Ukraine.

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