of July 1, 2010 No. 153-Z
About rendering psychological assistance
Accepted by the House of Representatives on June 4, 2010
Approved by Council of the Republic on June 15, 2010
This Law is directed to determination of legal and organizational basis of rendering psychological assistance for the purpose of providing the rights and legitimate interests of citizens in case of its obtaining.
For the purposes of this Law the following main terms and their determinations are used:
psychological assistance – the actions performed by the psychologist and directed to assistance to the citizen in the prevention, permission, overcoming psychological problems, crisis situations and their consequences, preserving mental health, optimization of psychological development, social adaptation and rehabilitation, self-development, self-realization and improvement of quality of life of the citizen;
psychological problem – experience by the citizen of violations of its activity and impossibility of their independent overcoming, experience of difficulties in maintenance of mental health, optimization of psychological development, social adaptation and rehabilitation, self-development, self-realization;
crisis situation – the circumstances leading to emergence of psychological problems with which the citizen cannot cope by methods, habitual for it;
crisis intervention – immediate rendering psychological assistance in crisis situations, and also for overcoming their consequences.
The relations in the sphere of rendering psychological assistance are governed by the legislation in the sphere of rendering psychological assistance, and also international treaties of the Republic of Belarus.
The legislation in the sphere of rendering psychological assistance is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and consists of this Law and other acts of the legislation.
If the international treaty of the Republic of Belarus establishes other rules, than those which contain in this Law then are applied rules of the international treaty.
The subjects performing activities for rendering psychological assistance are the organizations and individual entrepreneurs.
The psychologist – the person who is directly giving psychological assistance and meeting the requirements established by this Article.
The psychologist gives psychological assistance as the individual entrepreneur or the worker of the subject performing activities for rendering psychological assistance.
Person can be the psychologist:
the having higher education on specialties on which qualification "Psychologist" is appropriated or qualification "Psychologist" is component of the appropriated qualification, and meeting the qualification requirements established according to the legislation imposed to psychologists;
having academic degree of the doctor or candidate of psychological sciences;
undergone retraining at the level of the higher education on the specialties provided by the qualification requirements established according to the legislation imposed to psychologists.
Person who got the corresponding education outside the Republic of Belarus has the right to rendering psychological assistance in the presence of the certificate on recognition of the education document granted by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus granted in foreign state, and establishment of its equivalence (compliance) to the education document of the Republic of Belarus.
Are not allowed to direct rendering psychological assistance of person, specified in parts three and the fourth this Article, which:
committed intentional crime for which criminal record is not removed or is not extinguished if other is not established by legal acts;
earlier performed educational functions and were dismissed for making of the immoral offense incompatible with continuation of such work;
are under dispensary observation according to the legislation on rendering mental health services.
Treat types of psychological assistance:
psychological consultation – the actions directed to assistance to the citizen (group of citizens) in permission of psychological problems, including in decision making of rather professional and other activity, the interpersonal relations, to development of the personality, its self-improvement and self-realization, and also to overcoming consequences of crisis situations;
psychological correction – the actions directed to correction (adjustment) of features of the identity of the citizen and his behavior which lead to psychological problems;
psychological prevention – the actions directed to the timely prevention of possible violations in development of the identity of the citizen and the interpersonal relations, assistance to the citizen in preserving and strengthening of mental health;
psychological education – the actions directed to distribution of psychological knowledge, increase in degree of knowledge of citizens of psychology and opportunities of psychological assistance and self-help for the purpose of increase in level of their psychological culture and quality of private life.
The psychological diagnostics which is expressed in assessment of individual and psychological properties of the identity of the citizen and directed to identification of psychological problems of the citizen, refining of their features can be component of any kind of psychological assistance.
State regulation in the sphere of rendering psychological assistance is performed by the President of the Republic of Belarus, Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Emergency Situations and other state bodies, including local executive and administrative organs, within their powers.
The president of the Republic of Belarus determines state policy and performs other state regulation in the sphere of rendering psychological assistance according to the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, this Law and other legal acts.
Disclaimer! This text was translated by AI translator and is not a valid juridical document. No warranty. No claim. More info
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