of November 1, 2002 No. 151
About the mountain territories of the Kyrgyz Republic
Accepted by General Court of Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic on October 15, 2002
The purpose of this Law is creation of social and economic and legal base for sustainable development of the mountain territories of the Kyrgyz Republic, preserving and rational use of natural resources, historical, cultural and architectural heritage. The law shall become basis for regulation of activities of people in the mountain territories.
Subjects of state regulation of mountain development are:
- President of the Kyrgyz Republic;
- Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic;
- Government of the Kyrgyz Republic;
- local government bodies.
The procedure for participation of subjects of state regulation in the course of mountain development is determined by the Constitution, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The government of the Kyrgyz Republic annually prepares and represents the report on results of social and economic development of the mountain territories of the Kyrgyz Republic to Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic.
Gipsometriya (Hypsos - height) - measurement of height of the area. The hypsometric scale is scale of the light tones and shades applied to coloring of relief on the card on steps of heights. The hypsometric card is geometrically exact image of land relief by means of horizontals and coloring of high-rise steps.
The mountain territory - the area located within the established hypsometric relative mark, with deep basis of partition of relief (difference of the lowest and upper marks in the unit area), having complex of natural factors which enter: height, relief, landscape. The climatic features differing from flat markedly cause specific parameters of functioning of natural ecosystems, the dwellings of people influencing their health, conduct of life and daily activities create special conditions.
The state mountain policy - component of general policy of the state, system of the actions held by state bodies of the power, local government bodies directed to determination of the basic principles of the state support, creation of conditions for sustainable development of the mountain territories and protection of their economic and ecological basis.
Mountain settlements - ayyla (village), the village, settlements and other inhabited places located in borders of the mountain territories determined by this Law.
Inhabitants of the mountain territories - the persons who are constantly living and working in mountain settlements.
State regulation of mountain development - the system of corrective actions of financial, social, investing, foreign economic and other activities of public authorities of the Kyrgyz Republic, local government bodies directed to the steady and balanced functioning of the mountain territories, improvement of quality and increase in level of living of inhabitants of mountainous areas.
Priorities of state regulation of development of the mountain territories - reasonable, the most significant and the states of activity of public authorities of the Kyrgyz Republic and local government bodies determined by strategic objectives of domestic and foreign policy on enhancement of the relations connected with the mountain territories during certain period of time.
Tools of the state mountain policy - the target development programs of the mountain territories with use of financial, social, external economic, investment state policy applied in each certain area of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The target development program of the mountain territories - the complex of actions (works) of legal, organizational, economic, financial, social nature aimed at the development of infrastructure, social and economic, natural and resource potentials of the mountain territories of the Kyrgyz Republic and providing them by financial and other appliances interconnected on content, accomplishment terms, resources and contractors.
Monitoring of the mountain territories - the permanent system of accounting, collection, the analysis and distribution of information used for reasons for priorities, determination of tasks, identification of the conflicts, the factors constraining realization of the state mountain policy.
External borders of the mountain territories of the Kyrgyz Republic are determined according to the current legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic, internal - the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The list of mountain settlements is determined by Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic by representation of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic according to the current legislation.
The mountain territories of the Kyrgyz Republic are subdivided into the following:
The lower mountain territories - to 1500 meters above sea level;
The average mountain territories - from 1500 to 2000 meters above sea level;
The upper mountain territories - 2000 and more meters above sea level.
Economic and economic activity of physical persons and legal entities in the lower, average and upper mountain territories are regulated by current laws of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The environmental management mode in especially protected natural territories (national and natural parks, natural monuments, dendrology parks and botanical gardens, clinics and improving resorts) is determined according to the legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic.
On the basis of the reasonable criteria calculated on each settlement of the republic taking into account different parameters (medicobiological, climatic, heights of location, remoteness and inaccessibility, the social and economic circle, etc.) the settlement on representation of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic can be in accordance with the established procedure brought and/or excluded from the List of the settlements located in the mountain and remote zones of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The government of the Kyrgyz Republic develops and adopts programs of social and economic development of mountain regions taking into account the main zones of accommodation of the population.
Priority activities of the bodies performing legislature in the field of development of the mountain territories include adoption of the laws and other acts established by the law in the field of protection, rational use of natural resources and development of the mountain territories.
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