IT IS REGISTERED
in the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine
March 22, 2010.
from 21 December, 2009 No. 1322
About approval of Fire safety regulations on rail transport
1. Approve Fire safety regulations on rail transport (are applied).
2. (Kostiuk M. D.) to provide to public administration of rail transport of Ukraine:
2.1. Submission of this order on state registration in the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine in accordance with the established procedure.
2.2. Bringing this order to data of workers of rail transport of Ukraine and control of its accomplishment.
3. Declare invalid the order of the Ministry of transport of Ukraine of 01.07.97 N 240 "About approval of Fire safety regulations on rail transport", registered in the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine 24.09.97 for N 440/2244.
4. This order becomes effective from 01.08.2010.
5. To impose control over the implementation of this order on the deputy minister Badagov V. F.
First Deputy Minister V. Shevchenko
Approved by the Order of the Ministry of Transport and Communications of Ukraine from 21 December, 2009 No. 1322
1.1. Fire safety regulations on rail transport (further - Rules) are developed according to requirements of the Laws of Ukraine "About flammability control", "About transport" and the Fire safety regulations in Ukraine approved by the order of the Ministry of Ukraine concerning emergency situations of 19.10.2004 of N 126, registered in the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine 04.11.2004 for N 1410/10009 (further - NAPB A.01.001-2004). These Rules determine the main requirements of flammability control on objects (in buildings, constructions, on processing lines, etc.) and in railway vehicles of rail transport and are obligatory for accomplishment by the companies, organizations, organizations and associations Ukrzal? znitsa?, and also other companies, organizations, the organizations and citizens who use services of rail transport.
Requirements of flammability control for the departmental apartment houses, office and public buildings and other objects belonging Ukrzal? znitsa?, which were not included into these Rules, NAPB A.01.001-2004 are determined.
1.2. For ensuring flammability control on objects Ukrzal? znitsa? it is necessary to be guided by standards, construction regulations, regulations for electrical installation (further - PUE), regulations of process design and other regulations on this matter.
2.1. Ensuring flammability control of the companies, organizations, organizations and associations (further - the companies) Ukrzal? znitsa? it is assigned to their heads and persons authorized by them if other is not provided by the relevant agreement.
Obligations of the Parties concerning ensuring flammability control of leased property shall be determined in the lease agreement.
2.2. For the purpose of employees engagement to holding actions for the prevention of the fires, the organizations of their suppression at the companies are formed voluntary fire teams (further - DPD) and teams (further - DPK) which activities shall be performed according to the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 25.02.2009 N 136 "About approval of the Regulations on voluntary fire team (team)".
2.3. At the company where 50 and more people work, for the solution of labor collective the fire and technical commission can be created (further - PTK). Activities of such commission are performed according to requirements of the Model clause about the fire and technical commission approved by the order of the Ministry of Ukraine concerning emergency situations and for protection of the population against effects of the Chernobyl catastrophic crash of 20.05.2009 of N 347, registered in the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine of 20.07.2009 for N 658/16674 (further - NAPB B.02.003-2009).
2.4. The procedure for the organization and briefing concerning flammability control (further - fire-proof instructing), special training, training and examination concerning flammability control are established by Model clause about instructing, special training and examination concerning flammability control at the companies, in organizations and the organizations of Ukraine, the approved order of the Ministry of Ukraine concerning emergency situations and for protection of the population against effects of the Chernobyl catastrophic crash of 29.09.2003 of N 368, registered in the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine 11.12.2003 for N 1148/8469 (further - NAPB B.02.005-2003).
2.5. At each company the procedure for the notification of people about the fire with which it is necessary to acquaint all workers shall be established. In rooms in a visible place near phones it is necessary to establish plates with indication of phone number for challenge of fire protection and the address of this object.
2.6. Obligations of persons concerning ensuring flammability control during carriage of goods are regulated by the Charter of the railroads of Ukraine approved by the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 06.04.98 of N 457, the Rules of carriage of goods in transport packets approved by the order of the Ministry of transport of Ukraine of 21.11.2000 of N 644, registered in the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine 24.11.2000 for N 874/5095.
develop complex measures for ensuring flammability control, implement achievements of science and technology, positive experiment on this question;
according to regulatory legal acts on flammability control to develop and approve provisions, instructions on this question, to exercise constant control behind their observance;
provide observance of fire-proof requirements of standards, regulations, rules, and also accomplishment of instructions and resolutions of bodies of the state fire supervision (further - GPN) and departmental fire protection (further - VPO);
organize for workers special training, instructing and examination concerning flammability control;
involve employees of VPO in control of carrying out special training and examination on fire technically minimum;
in case of absence in regulatory legal acts of the requirements necessary for ensuring flammability control to take adequate measures, approving them with bodies of GPN and VPO;
contain in good repair fire protection systems, bonds, notifications about the fire and managements of evacuation of people, fire-water supply, the fire-proof equipment, the fire extinguishing equipment, not to allow their use not to destination;
organize activities of DPD or DPK, PTK on object, to provide object with fire appliances according to the established regulations;
create in case of need according to established procedure of division of fire protection and material and technical resources, necessary for their functioning;
provide upon the demand of fire protection the information and documents on condition of flammability control of objects, railway vehicles and products which is made by them;
to timely inform fire protection on defect of the fire fighting equipment, fire protection systems, water supply, and also on closing of roads and drives in the territory;
perform actions concerning implementation of automatic means of identification and suppression of the fires and use for this purpose of production automatic equipment;
make office investigation of cases of the fires.
2.8. The director shall determine obligations of service employees by ensuring flammability control, to appoint certain buildings, constructions, rooms, sites, railway vehicles, the production and engineering equipment, responsible for flammability control, and also for condition and operation of fire protection systems and the fire fighting equipment.
Obligations of service employees concerning ensuring flammability control, content and operation of fire protection systems and the fire fighting equipment shall be displayed in the relevant documents (job descriptions, provisions, etc.) which are surely provided for acquaintance under the signature.
2.9. At each company taking into account its fire risk the corresponding fire prevention regime shall be set by the order (instruction), namely shall be determined:
smoking areas, use of naked flame, use of household heating appliances;
the storage location of reserve keys from administration, storage, auxiliary rooms and attics;
procedure for carrying out temporary fire-dangerous works (including welding);
rules of journey and parking of vehicles;
the storage location and amount of raw materials, semifinished products and finished goods which can be in placements and on the territories at the same time;
procedure for cleaning of dust and combustible production wastes, storages of oil-impregnated overalls and rags, cleaning of air ducts of vent systems of combustible deposits;
procedure for switching off of electric equipment;
the inspection procedure and closings of rooms after close-up with indication of in the magazine of survey of rooms before their closing of the name of the room, date, time and results of survey, surnames of persons performing inspection and assurance by their signatures;
procedure for the organization of operation and servicing of the available means of fire protection (fire-water supply, pumping points, fire-extinguishing installations and the alarm system, smoke removal, fire extinguishers, etc.);
procedure for carrying out scheduled preventive maintenance, surveys of electric units, ventilation, production and other engineering equipment;
actions of workers in case of the fire;
procedure for the notification of members of DPD and responsible service employees in case of the fire, challenge at night, in festive and the days off;
procedure for passing by service employees of training and examination concerning flammability control, and also carrying out with workers of fire-proof instructing and classes in fire technically minimum with purpose of the faces responsible for their carrying out.
Employees of the company shall be informed of requirements of flammability control on instructing, during passing of fire and technical minimum. Excerpts from rules (orders, instructions) with the main requirements and provisions need to be hung out on foregrounds.
2.10. The division managers and service employees responsible for flammability control in railway vehicles or certain rooms (the isolated workplaces), shall:
provide observance of the set fire prevention regime, fire safety regulations and instructions concerning measures of flammability control;
not allow to work of persons who did not undergo special training, instructing or examination concerning flammability control;
perform periodic inspections of railway vehicles, the territory, buildings, production and service spaces for the purpose of control of track maintenance of evacuation, fire-proof barriers, gaps, entrances and roads, fire appliances (hydrants, internal fireplugs, fire extinguishers) and to take urgent measures for elimination of the revealed violations and shortcomings;
provide content in technically serviceable condition of fire protection systems, the fire fighting equipment, communication;
watch operability of devices of heating, ventilation, electric units, production and production equipment and to take measures for elimination of the revealed defects;
know fire risk of railway vehicles, engineering procedures, production and production equipment, category of rooms of production and warehouse assignment on fire and explosion and fire risk, and also requirements of flammability control to storage, application and transportation of explosive and flammable substances and materials;
monitor timely cleaning of rooms and workplaces;
in case of the fire immediately to notify on it fire protection, to inform heads of object and to start its liquidation, being effective according to requirements of the Section LXX of Rules, and also instructions for ensuring flammability control in railway vehicles of rail transport.
2.11. Are responsible for ensuring flammability control of locomotives, motor car railway vehicles and refrigerator sections (trains) which are in operation:
drivers - for the locomotives accepted by them, diesel - or electric trains;
chiefs (mechanics) - for the refrigerator sections (trains) accepted by them;
chiefs of depot - for locomotives, motor car railway vehicles and refrigerator sections (trains) which are attributed to depot.
Specified persons (within competence) shall fulfill requirements of these Rules, and also the existing instructions for ensuring flammability control on locomotives, motor car railway vehicles and refrigerator sections (trains).
2.12. Are responsible for ensuring flammability control in passenger trains:
chiefs of trains (mechanics) - for the trains accepted by them;
conductors, acceptance inspectors of baggage, freight forwarders of mail vans, directors of dining cars, managers of compartment buffets, the senior mechanics motormen of cars diesels-power plants - for the cars accepted by them;
persons allowed to servicing of cars with video salons - for the cars accepted by them;
chiefs of car repair sheds (sites) - for the railway vehicles attributed to depot (site), and that which is under repair, irrespective of the place of addition.
Specified persons shall fulfill requirements of these Rules, and also the existing instructions for ensuring flammability control in cars of passenger trains.
2.13. At each company the instruction about measures of flammability control according to appendix 1 to NAPB A.01.001-2004 shall be developed.
2.14. In buildings and constructions which have two floors more in case of simultaneous stay on the floor more than 25 people shall be developed and hung out on foregrounds plans (schemes) of evacuation of people for fire case in which the directions of evacuation, the location of emergency firefighting equipment are specified, to voice communication, emergency exits, manual fire annunciators. Plans (schemes) of evacuation of people for case of the fire are approved with VPO and shall contain text part about operations procedure on fire case according to requirements of NAPB A.01.001-2004.
2.15. All workers during acceptance for work and in the course of work shall undergo fire-proof instructing. Fire-proof instructing share on introductory, primary, repeated, unplanned and target.
Persons who are employed, connected with the raised fire risk shall previously (prior to independent performance of work) to undergo special training (fire and technical minimum). The workers occupied at works with the raised fire risk shall undergo examination of the corresponding regulatory legal acts on flammability control once a year.
2.16. Employees of the companies of rail transport shall:
to accurately nobility and carry out Rules, not to allow actions which can lead to the fire;
fulfill requirements of production schedules (instructions) concerning ensuring flammability control in engineering procedures and during operation of railway vehicles;
not allow use of defective tools, devices, the equipment, to follow safety regulations during their operation, and also to follow instructions of the heads and persons responsible for flammability control;
remove workplaces and switch off electric equipment after close-up;
be able to apply emergency firefighting equipment and individual remedies of respiratory organs;
in case of the fire or identification of its signs immediately to notify fire protection, and in railway vehicles during movement - the chief (the mechanic, the foreman) of the train or the driver of the locomotive and to take measures concerning liquidation of the fire and evacuation of passengers, being effective according to requirements of the Section LXX of these Rules, and also the existing instructions for ensuring flammability control.
2.17. The beginning of work of the newly created company, commissioning of the new, reconstructed production and other facilities, implementation of new technologies, transfer to production of samples of new fire-dangerous machines, mechanisms, the equipment and products, lease of any rooms without the permission of bodies of the state fire supervision is forbidden, except cases when conducting economic activity is possible by the declarative principle which is determined by the legislation on authorization system in the field of economic activity.
Issue of permission is performed according to the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 14.02.2001 N 150 "About approval of the Procedure for issue by bodies of the state fire supervision of permission to the beginning of work of the companies and lease of rooms" (with changes).
2.18. Products of fire-proof assignment, and also products to which requirements of flammability control are established shall have the certificate of conformity.
2.19. Financing of works in case of new construction, reconstruction, restoration, major repair of buildings and other objects, expansion and technical retrofitting of the companies can be carried out only on condition of availability of the positive conclusion of complex state examination which shall contain surely the positive expert opinion of body of GPN as constituent of complex state examination.
Performance of works on these objects can be made only after receipt in accordance with the established procedure of construction licenses, accomplishment of construction works and other documents which are provided by the current legislation in construction industry.
3.1. The territory of the companies shall be kept constantly clean and be cleared systematically of production wastes, garbage, fallen leaves, dry herbs, poplar down, etc. Oil-impregnated cleaning cloths and other fire-dangerous production waste shall be stored on specially allotted sites in the closed metal boxes. Production wastes which are not subject to utilization need to be removed and exported regularly from the territory of the company.
3.2. In the territory of the company on foregrounds plates with indication of procedure for challenge of fire protection, signs of locations of emergency firefighting equipment, the traffic pattern of transport in which it is necessary to specify placement of buildings, of reservoirs, hydrants, piers and coolers shall be established (need of installation of such scheme at each specific company is determined by VPO). The traffic pattern of transport shall be approved with VPO.
3.3. In the territory of objects where smoking is allowed, the administration shall determine and equip for this purpose special places, designate them sign or text, to establish ballot box or ashtray from non-combustible materials.
3.4. Combustible waste in containers, and also container from under paints and varnishes shall be stored on the special platforms placed at distance at least than 20 m from buildings and constructions. The container from under combustible liquids shall be very tightly closed.
3.5. Ways, drives and passes to buildings, constructions and sources of fire-water supply, and also approaches to the fire extinguishing equipment and fire appliances shall be always free, contain in good repair, during the winter period to be cleared of snow.
On the single-band drives it is necessary to arrange traveling platforms, and deadlock drives shall come to an end with turned platforms for providing turn of fire trucks. These platforms shall conform to requirements of DBN 360-92 ** "Town-planning. Planning and building of residential and rural locations".
Fire-proof gaps between buildings are not allowed to be used for placement of materials, the equipment, container, for the parking of any kinds of transport, construction and placement of temporary buildings and constructions.
3.6. For the purpose of their repair (or for other reasons) it is necessary to report about closing of certain sites of ways or drives to divisions of fire protection immediately.
For accomplishment of tracks repair in the territory of object direction indicators of detour or the arranged moving through the repaired sites shall be established.
3.7. The main roads, drives, passes shall have hard surface. Arranging drives for fire trucks to buildings, constructions and water sources on earth road, it should be strengthened slag, gravel or other materials for provision of entrance at all seasons of the year.
In parks of stations and depot it is necessary to do special moving through ditches, ditches and railway tracks for journey of fire trucks. Width of moving shall be at least 6 m.
Width of traveling covering for journey of fire trucks on intermediate stations and small objects of the railroad shall constitute at least 3,5 of m.
Moving and transitions through railway tracks shall be constantly free for journey of fire trucks, have continuous coating at the level of top of heads of rails, and in night to vremyaosveshchatsya.
The parking of cars without locomotives on moving is forbidden.
Drives and moving shall be designated by texts: "Pozharny Proyezd! Not block".
3.8. Ditches, trays and cable trenches in the territories of objects and stations shall be cleared immediately of combustible garbage, the spilled combustible liquids and to be closed by plates from non-combustible materials.
On objects where combustible liquids are stored and applied, the network of the industrial sewerage shall be provided with operational waterlocks.
3.9. In the territory of objects of rail transport cultivation of fires, burning out of dry herbs and trash burning in places which use for these purposes is not approved with fire protection is forbidden.
3.10. The administration shall equip places where use of naked flame for trash burning is authorized, with ballot boxes from non-combustible materials and place them at distance not closer than 15 m to buildings and constructions.
3.11. Gate of entrances on the object territory which open by means of electric drives shall have devices for opening them manually.
3.12. The territory of objects in night-time shall be lit for ensuring bystry identification of fire step-ladders, the fire extinguishing equipment, sources of water supply, entrances to buildings and constructions.
3.13. Booths, tents and other shoddy constructions shall be located at distance at least than 10 m from other objects, except cases when according to construction regulations it is necessary to have bigger fire-proof gap or when they can be placed near outside wall without openings which conforms to requirements imposed to fire-proof wall.
3.14. The parking of vehicles in through passages of buildings at distance of less than 10 m from entrance gate on the territory of object, less than 5 m from fire hydrants, intakes of the water supplying network, the fire extinguishing equipment, on turned platforms of deadlock drives is forbidden. In the specified places the corresponding signs of prohibition shall be arranged (to be hung out).
4.1. All buildings, constructions and rooms shall be kept clean and be cleared timely of production wastes and combustible garbage. Terms of cleaning are established by production schedules or instructions.
4.2. In case of re-planning of rooms, changes of their functional purpose, application of new production equipment it is necessary to observe fire-proof requirements of the existing regulations of rather construction and process design.
Decrease in project limits of fire resistance of designs and deterioration in conditions of evacuation of people is not allowed.
Start construction, reconstruction, technical retrofitting of rooms, subjects to production and other assignment, implementation of new technologies, it is allowed to release of fire-dangerous products only in the presence of project and other documentation which passed preliminary expert examination (check) on compliance to regulations on flammability control in bodies of GPN.
Performance of works on these objects can be made only after receipt in accordance with the established procedure of construction licenses, accomplishment of construction works and other documents which are provided by the current legislation in construction industry.
4.3. Fire protection systems of rooms, buildings and constructions (antismoke protection, fire automatic equipment, fire-water supply, fire doors, valves, other protective devices in fire-proof walls and overlappings, etc.) shall contain in serviceable operating condition constantly.
4.4. Openings in fire-proof walls, partitions and overlappings shall be protected by fire doors, windows, curtains, fireproof valves, water screens, etc.
4.5. The equipment which provides dense closing of doors of staircases, corridors, platforms, lobbies and halls (closers, sealant) shall be constantly operational.
It is not allowed to establish any devices interfering normal closing of fire doors and also to remove devices for their self-closing.
4.6. In places of crossing by engineering communications of fire-proof obstacles and designs with the normalized limits of fire resistance it is necessary to apply special sealing diaphragms which prevent spread of fire and provide the normalized limit of fire resistance of design.
4.7. Wooden elements shall be processed by means of fire protection which provide the first group of fireproof efficiency according to GOST 16363-98 "Means fireproof for wood. Method of determination of fireproof properties".
After accomplishment of fireproof works by contract organization which has the corresponding license with the assistance of the customer the statement of the performed works shall be drawn up. After the termination of effective periods of processing (impregnation) and in case of loss or deterioration in fireproof properties processing (impregnation) needs to be repeated. It is necessary to perform condition of fireproof processing (impregnation) at least once a year with creation of the inspection statement.
4.8. Outside fire step-ladders, barriers of roofs, the equipment of protection against lightnings on roofs of buildings shall contain in good repair and to be painted.
4.9. The territory, buildings, constructions, rooms shall be ensured by signs safety according to requirements of DSTU ISO 6309:2007 "Fire protection. Safety signs. Form and color" and GOST 12.4.026-76 DSSBT. Colors alarm and signs of safety".
4.10. In production, administration, storage and auxiliary rooms on foregrounds shall be hung out: the instruction on flammability control, the sheet of servicing of DPD, the plan of evacuation of the working people, and material values according to NAPB A.01.001-2004.
4.11. About entrance to production and storage facilities and in these rooms signs with indication of category of rather fire and explosion and fire risk and class vzryvo-and fire hazardous zones according to the current legislation shall be hung out.
4.12. For all rooms of factory and store buildings maximum permissible regulations of simultaneous use and storage vzryvo-and flammable substances and materials shall be established.
4.13. After the end of change it is forbidden to leave on workplaces combustible production wastes, flammable fluids (further - LVZh) and combustible liquids (further - GZh).
4.14. Not used during working shift of LVZh and GZh shall be taken out to shop storage rooms or be stored in metal boxes (cabinets). The used cleaning cloths need to be removed in metal boxes with very tightly the closed covers and after the end of change to delete from production rooms in specially intended for this place.
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